The Effects of Gum Chewing on Energy Intake and Expenditure

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01043471
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 6, 2010
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2015
The Obesity Society
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

December 15, 2009
January 6, 2010
October 8, 2015
September 2008
Not Provided
Change in body composition [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of study (6 weeks) ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01043471 on Archive Site
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The Effects of Gum Chewing on Energy Intake and Expenditure
The Effects of Gum Chewing on Energy Intake and Expenditure
The purpose of this study is to determine if chewing gum increases energy expenditure and decreases food intake.
Not Provided
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Other: Chewing gum
    Subjects were instructed to chew gum at least 6 times a day in an effort to reduce snacking.
  • Other: Water
    Subjects were instructed to drink 8 oz of water at least 6 times a day in an effort to reduce snacking.
  • Experimental: Chewing gum
    Intervention: Other: Chewing gum
  • Placebo Comparator: Water
    Intervention: Other: Water
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
January 2011
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • BMI 27-37, between the ages of 18 and 38

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of chronic disease (e.g. liver, kidney, or heart disease, or diabetes)
  • Medications that affect energy expenditure, appetite, or body composition (e.g. antidepressants, beta blockers, antipsychotic, or weight loss medications)
  • A history of irregular menstrual cycles in women (indication of onset of menopause or other metabolic disturbances such as polycystic ovary syndrome)
  • A history of phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Symptoms of depression
  • A history of eating disorders
  • Concurrent participation in a weight loss program
  • Cigarette smoking or other tobacco use
  • Jaw problems such as temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
  • Allergies to any of the common components in gum (sweeteners, mint flavors, etc)
  • Heavy gum chewing prior to study ( > 3 times per week)
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years to 38 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Wisconsin, Madison
University of Wisconsin, Madison
The Obesity Society
Principal Investigator: Leah D Whigham, PhD Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System
University of Wisconsin, Madison
October 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP