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CANVAS - CANagliflozin cardioVascular Assessment Study (CANVAS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01032629
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 15, 2009
Results First Posted : December 7, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
The George Institute for Global Health, Australia
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

December 10, 2009
December 15, 2009
August 24, 2018
December 7, 2018
December 7, 2018
December 9, 2009
February 22, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) Composite of Cardiovascular (CV) Death, Non-Fatal Myocardial Infarction (MI), and Non-Fatal Stroke [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 8 years ]
MACE, defined as a composite of CV death, non-fatal MI, and nonfatal stroke. Adjudication of these events by the Endpoint Adjudication Committee (EAC) was performed in a blinded fashion. Event rate estimated based on the time to the first occurrence of MACE are presented.
Major adverse cardiovascular events, including CV death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke [ Time Frame: Time to event (approximately 4 years) ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01032629 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change From Baseline in Homeostasis Model Assessment 2 Steady-State Beta-Cell Function (HOMA2-%B) at the End-of-Treatment (EOT) [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    The homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) quantifies insulin resistance and beta-cell function. HOMA2-%B is a computer model that uses fasting plasma insulin and glucose concentrations to estimate steady-state beta cell function (%B) as a percentage of a normal reference population (normal young adults). The normal reference population was set at 100 percent.
  • Percentage of Participants With Progression of Albuminuria at the End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: End of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Progression defined as the development of micro-albuminuria (albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) greater than or equal to [>=] 30 milligram per gram (mg/g) and less than or equal to <= 300 mg/g) or macroalbuminuria (ACR of >300 mg/g) in a participant with baseline normoalbuminuria or the development of macro-albuminuria in a participant with baseline microalbuminuria. Percentage of participants with progression of albuminuria at the end-of-treatment were assessed.
  • Change From Baseline in Proinsulin/Insulin (PI/I) Ratio at the End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    A raised proinsulin-to-insulin ratio due to impaired processing of proinsulin is an early marker of beta cell dysfunction. Beta-cell dysfunction was evaluated by calculating the PI/I ratio, which estimates the capacity of beta cells to convert proinsulin to insulin and may represent an acceptable method to indicate the degree of beta-cell secretion.
  • Change From Baseline in Urinary Albumin/Creatinine Ratio at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and End of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Urinary Albumin/Creatinine Ratio is a potential marker of chronic kidney disease, calculated as a ratio of Urinary Albumin and Urinary Creatinine.
  • Change From Baseline in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Change from baseline in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) was assessed at end of treatment. GFR is a measure of the rate at which blood is filtered by the kidney. Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) is an equation (calculation) used to estimate GFR in participants with impaired renal function based on serum creatinine, age, race, and sex. eGFR milliliters/minute/1.73 meters square (mL/min/1.73 m^2) = 175 * (serum creatinine) ^ 1.154 * (Age) ^-0.203 *(0.742 if female) * (1.21 if Black).
  • Change From Baseline in Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Change from baseline in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) percentage (%) was assessed at end of treatment. Glycated hemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average glucose concentration in the blood.
  • Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) Levels at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Change from baseline in the fasting plasma glucose levels at end-of-treatment was assessed.
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Body Weight at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Percent change from baseline in body weight was assessed at the end of treatment.
  • Change From Baseline in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Change from baseline in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure was assessed.
  • Change From Baseline in Triglycerides Levels at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Change from baseline in triglycerides levels was assessed.
  • Change From Baseline in Cholesterol, High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) and Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) Levels at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Change from baseline in cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were assessed.
  • Change From Baseline in Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) to High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (HDL-C) Ratio at End-of-Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (approximately 338 weeks) ]
    Change from baseline in LDL-C to HDL-C ratio was assessed.
  • A standard measure of fasting insulin secretion [ Time Frame: end of treatment (approximately 4 years) ]
  • Progression of albumin in the urine [ Time Frame: end of treatment (approximately 4 years) ]
  • Effectiveness of Lowering Blood Glucose (in Substudies of Patients who are Also Taking Specific Commonly-Used Diabetes Agents) [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
CANVAS - CANagliflozin cardioVascular Assessment Study
A Randomized, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Parallel, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Effects of JNJ-28431754 on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Adult Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The study will assess canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with regard to cardiovascular (CV) risk for major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Other objectives include evaluating the overall safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of canagliflozin.

The data from this study will be combined with the data from CANVAS-R study (Study of the Effects of Canagliflozin on Renal Endpoints in Adult Subjects with T2DM, NCT01989754) in a pre-specified integrated analysis of CV safety outcomes to satisfy US FDA post-marketing requirements for canagliflozin.

The study will evaluate canagliflozin compared to placebo on CV events including CV death, heart attack, and stroke in patients with T2DM, whose diabetes is not well controlled at the beginning of the study and who have a history of CV events or have a high risk for CV events. The study includes 3 substudies which will compare the effectiveness of lowering blood glucose and assess the safety of canagliflozin relative to placebo in patients receiving specific commonly-used diabetes agents. 4,330 participants will be randomly assigned to treatment with 1 of 2 doses of canagliflozin (100 or 300 mg) or placebo, in a 1:1:1 ratio. This study was originally designed to last for up to 9 years. As per FDA post-marketing requirements for canagliflozin, the study's last subject last visit will now occur when enough MACE events (ie, CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke) are accumulated between the CANVAS (this study) and CANVAS-R studies. The completion target was reached in February 2017.
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Risk Factors
  • Drug: Placebo
    One placebo capsule taken orally (by mouth) once daily
  • Drug: Canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 100 mg
    One 100 mg capsule taken orally (by mouth) once daily
  • Drug: Canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 300 mg
    One 300 mg capsule taken orally (by mouth) once daily
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Each patient will receive placebo (inactive medication) on background standard of care for diabetes once daily for the duration of the study
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 100 mg
    Each patient will receive canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 100 mg once daily on background standard of care for diabetes once daily for the duration of the study
    Intervention: Drug: Canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 100 mg
  • Experimental: Canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 300 mg
    Each patient will receive canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 300 mg once daily on background standard of care for diabetes once daily for the duration of the study
    Intervention: Drug: Canagliflozin (JNJ-28431754) 300 mg

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
4330
4500
February 22, 2017
February 22, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus and greater than or equal to (>=) 30 yrs old with history of cardiovascular (CV) event, or >= 50 yrs old with high risk of CV events
  • Patients must have inadequate diabetes control (as defined by glycosylated hemoglobin greater than or equal to 7.0% to less than or equal to 10.5% at screening) and be either (1) not currently on diabetes drug therapy or (2) on therapy with any approved class of diabetes drugs

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A history of diabetic ketoacidosis, type 1 diabetes mellitus, pancreas or beta-cell transplantation, or diabetes secondary to pancreatitis or pancreatectomy
  • History of one or more severe hypoglycemic (ie, very low blood sugar) episode within 6 months before screening
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
30 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Argentina,   Australia,   Belgium,   Canada,   Colombia,   Czechia,   Estonia,   France,   Germany,   Hungary,   India,   Israel,   Luxembourg,   Malaysia,   Mexico,   Netherlands,   New Zealand,   Norway,   Poland,   Russian Federation,   Spain,   Sweden,   Ukraine,   United Kingdom,   United States
Brazil,   Czech Republic
 
NCT01032629
CR016627
28431754DIA3008 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2009-012140-16 ( EudraCT Number )
Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Not Provided
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
The George Institute for Global Health, Australia
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
November 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP