Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Preventing Cancer in Patients With Precancerous Lesions of the Lung

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01013831
First received: November 13, 2009
Last updated: February 17, 2015
Last verified: April 2014

November 13, 2009
February 17, 2015
October 2009
February 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in the ratio of p-EGFR to total EGFR [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Toxicity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01013831 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change in the expression of p-Akt [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Analyzed using an analysis-of-variance (ANOVA) on the change from baseline expression level with a factor for dose (75, 50, 25 or 100). All tests will be two-sided and tested at level alpha=0.05. If the overall comparison is significant, pairwise comparisons will be done using straight Bonferroni adjustments.
  • Change in the expression of p-Erk [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Analyzed using an ANOVA on the change from baseline expression level with a factor for dose (75, 50, 25 or 100). All tests will be two-sided and tested at level alpha=0.05. If the overall comparison is significant, pairwise comparisons will be done using straight Bonferroni adjustments.
  • Change in the expression of Ki67 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Analyzed using an ANOVA on the change from baseline expression level with a factor for dose (75, 50, 25 or 100). All tests will be two-sided and tested at level alpha=0.05. If the overall comparison is significant, pairwise comparisons will be done using straight Bonferroni adjustments.
  • Incidence of toxicities, graded according to Common Toxicity Criteria, version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change in the expression of total EGFR and p-EGFR in lung biopsies before and after treatment [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in the expression of p-Akt, p-Erk, Ki67, and Bcl2 [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of erlotinib hydrochloride [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Optimal biologic concentration of erlotinib hydrochloride [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • PK/PD parameters [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Pharmacogenomic profile [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
 
Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Preventing Cancer in Patients With Precancerous Lesions of the Lung
A Phase I Study of Erlotinib in Patients With Premalignant Lesions of the Lung

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of erlotinib hydrochloride in preventing cancer in patients with precancerous lesions of the lung. Erlotinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the lowest dose of erlotinib (erlotinib hydrochloride) that will decrease the ratio of phosphorylated to total epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (phosphorylated EGFR [pEGFR]/EGFR) by at least 20% in subjects with premalignant lesions of the lung. This will be accomplished by implementing a dose de-escalation trial of erlotinib (i.e., 75, 50, and 25 or 100 mg by mouth daily for a 3-month period), and determining the pEGFR/EGFR ratio in premalignant lesions of the lung epithelium by immunohistochemistry. Changes in the pEGFR/EGFR ratio will be assessed by comparing the pre-treatment (baseline) ratio to that of the post-treatment (3 month) ratio, measured in paraffin embedded biopsy specimens.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the effect of erlotinib on the following biomarkers of potential biological relevance in paraffin embedded lung biopsies, p-v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1 (Akt), p-mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (Erk), and marker of proliferation Ki-67 (Ki67).

II. To characterize the toxicity profile of erlotinib in this cohort of subjects.

III. To analyze and model erlotinib's pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) profile. Serial blood samples will be drawn at the beginning and at the end of erlotinib treatment, and pharmacokinetic parameters will be determined. The status of EGFR genotype (and that of others genes linked to erlotinib PK/PD) clinical toxicity, and dose will be examined as possible other influential covariates by comparing them to experimentally measured PK profiles, and PD profiles (in particular, the pEGFR/EGFR ratio). The goal of these studies will be to determine the optimal biologic concentration (OBC) of Erlotinib that is associated with the lowest toxicity and highest effect, for a given subject's pharmacogenomic profile.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) for 90 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days.

Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Dysplasia
  • Metaplasia
  • Pulmonary Precancerous Condition
  • Drug: Erlotinib Hydrochloride
    Given PO
    Other Name: Cp-358,774
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Other: Pharmacological Study
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: pharmacological studies
Experimental: Prevention (erlotinib hydrochloride)
Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD for 90 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Drug: Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Other: Pharmacological Study
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
60
June 2013
February 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of a premalignant lung lesion (metaplasia or dysplasia) on autofluorescent bronchoscopy (AFB) within 1 month
  • Participants must have a >= 10 pack year lifetime smoking history; current and former smokers only are eligible for this trial
  • No contraindications for treatment with erlotinib or additional bronchoscopies
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Platelet count of >= 100 x 10^9/L
  • Creatinine level of less than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/dl
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x ULN
  • Must meet Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status criteria of 0-1
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) throughout the duration of the study and for 1 month following cessation of study drug; females must begin adequate contraception immediately following screening pregnancy test; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately; if she is pregnant, she will be immediately withdrawn from the study
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written institutional review board (IRB) approved informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with life-threatening medical conditions that would preclude the treatment intervention and bronchoscopy, including, but not limited to, unstable pulmonary function, acute cardiac failure, which is unstable despite medication use; uncontrolled hypertension; uncontrolled diabetes mellitus; unstable coronary artery disease; acute or chronic liver disease, ongoing or active infection; or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Participants with evidence of an active cancer or carcinoma in situ, are not eligible
  • Participants currently taking medications that induce or inhibit the cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4-7 (CYP3A4-7) enzymes
  • Participants may not be receiving any other investigational agents within 3 months
  • Participants taking warfarin
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to erlotinib, a known hypersensitivity to erlotinib, or agents with a similar chemical or biological composition to erlotinib
  • Women who are pregnant or lactating are excluded from the study because based on the proposed mechanism of tyrosine kinase inhibition of erlotinib; erlotinib should be assumed to cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman; there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with erlotinib
  • History of interstitial lung disease (ILD)
Both
40 Years to 79 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01013831
NCI-2013-00750, NCI-2013-00750, RPCI-I-121507, NU-NWU08-11-01, STU00012618, NCI 08-11-01, NWU08-11-01, P30CA060553, N01CN35157
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Seema Khan Northwestern University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
April 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP