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Simple Warfarin Dosing Algorithm Study (KT-INR)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01008215
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 5, 2009
Last Update Posted : July 22, 2011
Information provided by:

October 28, 2009
November 5, 2009
July 22, 2011
October 2009
April 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Mean time in therapeutic range for patients [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01008215 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Proportion of patients with TTR > 65% [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
  • Correlation between algorithm adherence and TTR [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
  • Among patients in both baseline and study sample: proportion of patients with TTR improvement [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
Same as current
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Simple Warfarin Dosing Algorithm Study
Cluster Randomized Trial to Assess the Effect of Using a Simple Warfarin Maintenance Dosing Algorithm on the Quality of INR Control Among Canadian Family Practices

Can a simple and cost-free tool help family physicians to improve dosing of the blood thinner warfarin?

Warfarin is a blood thinner with a variable effect and requires regular blood monitoring and dose adjustments. Some family practices do not have the facilities or funding to use commercial tools than can assist with stabilizing the effect of warfarin. The investigators will test whether a simple and cost-free dosing tool can help these practices to improve warfarin management.

If this simple tool improves warfarin management, it will be freely available for practices in Canada and around the world. This will help physicians who have no access to more costly and/or complicated tools improve their warfarin dosing practice in a systematic fashion, and thereby maximize the health benefit of warfarin.

Warfarin reduces the risk of thromboembolism, but requires regular blood monitoring to keep the international normalized ration (INR) within a narrow therapeutic range to achieve maximum benefits. A low proportion of time spent within the therapeutic INR range, (TTR) is associated with reduced warfarin efficacy and potentially harmful results. To optimize TTR, international guidelines recommend the use of systematic evidence-based dosing methods (anticoagulation clinic, computerized systems, manual algorithm and patient self-management). A survey in the Hamilton area revealed that half of family physicians manage warfarin dosing without assistance from an evidence-based method. The simple manual dosing algorithm is a simple tool that helped increase the TTR at the Hamilton General Hospital's anticoagulant clinic to an excellent 73% among patients with target INR range 2-3. We will test whether the simple dosing algorithm can help to improve warfarin dosing of family physicians who are not assisted by evidence-based methods. We will randomize family practices to either use the simple dosing algorithm or to manage warfarin dosing as usual, to test whether the simple dosing algorithm achieves a superior TTR.
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Warfarin Dosing
Other: Algorithm
Warfarin Dosing algorithm (paper and electronic version)
  • Experimental: Algorithm
    Algorithm (available in paper version and web-based version) will be used for warfarin maintenance dosing.
    Intervention: Other: Algorithm
  • No Intervention: Care as usual
    Control group
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
June 2011
April 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Family practices that:

    1. currently do not employ an evidence-based dosing method (anticoagulant clinic, computer system, manual algorithm or patient self-testing),
    2. manage warfarin maintenance dosing in at least 10 patients with target INR 2-3, and
    3. have at least one family physician providing written informed consent.
  • Patients who:

    1. are on long-term warfarin treatment (> 6 weeks before study entry and expected to continue for at least 6 more months) with target INR 2-3, for whom warfarin is managed by a participating family physician,
    2. patient provides written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Family practices that:

    1. are planning to start employing an evidence-based method for warfarin dosing within the next year,
    2. are not expected to enroll at least 10 patients on long-term warfarin treatment with target INR 2-3.
  • Patients:

    1. with < 3 months warfarin management prior to the baseline observation,
    2. patients on warfarin with a target INR other than 2-3, and
    3. patients for whom warfarin is managed by a physician who is not participating in the trial.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
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Dr. Stuart Connolly, McMaster University
Population Health Research Institute
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Stuart Connolly McMaster University
Population Health Research Institute
July 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP