Phase II Randomized Trial Evaluating Neoadjuvant Therapy With Neratinib and/or Trastuzumab Followed by Postoperative Trastuzumab in Women With Locally Advanced HER2-positive Breast Cancer
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01008150|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 5, 2009
Results First Posted : December 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2018
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||November 3, 2009|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||November 5, 2009|
|Results First Submitted Date||November 5, 2018|
|Results First Posted Date||December 6, 2018|
|Last Update Posted Date||December 6, 2018|
|Study Start Date ICMJE||October 2010|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||September 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Pathologic Complete Response in Breast and Axillary Lymph Nodes. [ Time Frame: At time of surgery, approximately 7 months ]
Number of participants with no histologic evidence of invasive tumor cells in the surgical breast specimen, axillary nodes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Pathologic Complete Response in breast and axillary lymph nodes. As measured by no histologic evidence of invasive tumor cells in the surgical breast specimen, axillary nodes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy [ Time Frame: At time of surgery ]|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01008150 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Phase II Randomized Trial Evaluating Neoadjuvant Therapy With Neratinib and/or Trastuzumab Followed by Postoperative Trastuzumab in Women With Locally Advanced HER2-positive Breast Cancer|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Phase II Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating Neoadjuvant Therapy Regimens With Weekly Paclitaxel Plus Neratinib or Trastuzumab or Neratinib and Trastuzumab Followed by Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide With Postoperative Trastuzumab in Women With Locally Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer|
|Brief Summary||FB-7 is a Phase II, multi-center randomized study of neratinib in combination with weekly paclitaxel with or without trastuzumab followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) as neoadjuvant therapy for women with HER2-positive locally advanced breast cancer. Patients in the control arm will receive neoadjuvant trastuzumab in combination with weekly paclitaxel followed by AC. The primary aim of the study is to determine the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in breast and axillary nodes following the neoadjuvant therapy regimens. The secondary aims include determination of the pCR rate in breast only, clinical complete response (cCR) rate, two-year recurrence-free interval, two-year overall survival, toxicity of the neoadjuvant regimens, and exploration of molecular and genetic correlates of response.|
Sequential AC followed by a taxane initiated concurrently with trastuzumab has become a standard of care in the United States for operable HER2-positive breast cancer following initial surgery.
Trastuzumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody against the extracellular domain of the HER2 protein, was developed to block HER2 signaling pathways and has been shown to substantially improve the efficacy of chemotherapy in women with metastatic and early-stage HER2-positive breast cancers.
However, some patients develop recurrence and succumb to the disease following trastuzumab-based adjuvant therapy. Evaluation of additional approaches that target this pathway have shown promising results in trastuzumab-resistant breast cancer.
Neratinib (HKI-272), an orally administered small molecule, is an irreversible inhibitor of pan ErbB receptor tyrosine kinases, which distinguishes this small molecule from lapatinib. Because of the high degree of homology between kinase domains of EGFR and HER2, neratinib inhibits both EGFR and HER2 function. Neratinib is designed to block kinase activity by binding to the ATP site of the enzymes. In BT474 cell lines, HKI-272 effectively repressed phosphorylation of MAPK and Akt signal transduction pathways, whereas trastuzumab failed to completely inhibit HER2 receptor phosphorylation or downstream signaling events. In tumor xenografts which overexpress HER2, neratinib has been observed to repress tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner.
A comparison of overall response rates with lapatinib and neratinib in comparable patients, albeit in separate Phase II studies, suggest favorable efficacy of neratinib as monotherapy in trastuzumab-refractory patients (response rate of 5.1% vs. 26%) and in trastuzumab-naïve patients (response rate of 24% vs. 56%). Taken together, the data support the rationale that a small molecule TKI may be more efficacious than trastuzumab in the neoadjuvant setting, and that neratinib may be more active than lapatinib.
The study started as a two-arm design with randomization to the control arm (Arm 1) and to the investigational arm (Arm 2) in a 1:2 ratio. With the addition of a second investigation arm, (Arm 3), the study becomes a three-arm design with a 1:1:1 allocation ratio (about equal numbers of patients randomized to Arms 1, 2, and 3). The sample size will be up to 126 patients with about 42 evaluable patients in each arm. Patients who enter the trial but are not treated for any reason will be replaced. Accrual is expected to occur over 18 months. Patients will be randomized to one of three neoadjuvant therapy regimens: Patients in Arm 1 will receive 4 cycles of paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 administered on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Trastuzumab will begin concurrently with paclitaxel and will be given weekly for a total of 16 doses (4 mg/kg loading dose, then 2 mg/kg weekly). Following paclitaxel/trastuzumab, standard AC will be administered every 21 days for 4 cycles; Patients in Arm 2 will receive 4 cycles of paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 administered on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Neratinib 240 mg will be taken orally once daily beginning on Day 1 of paclitaxel and continuing through Day 28 of the final cycle of paclitaxel. Standard AC administered every 21 days for 4 cycles will be administered following paclitaxel/neratinib therapy; Patients in Arm 3 will receive 4 cycles of paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 administered Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28 day cycle with trastuzumab, beginning concurrently with paclitaxel, given weekly for a total of 16 doses (4 mg/kg loading dose, then 2 mg/kg weekly). Neratinib 200 mg will be taken orally once daily beginning on Day 1 of paclitaxel and continuing through Day 28 of the final cycle of paclitaxel. Standard AC will be administered every 21 days for 4 cycles following paclitaxel/trastuzumab/neratinib therapy.
In all arms, clinical response will be assessed by palpation between the chemotherapy regimens and prior to surgery. Following recovery from surgery, trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading dose, then 6 mg/kg) will be administered every 3 weeks to complete 1 year of targeted therapy (either preoperative trastuzumab therapy or neratinib therapy). Patients will receive adjuvant radiation therapy and endocrine therapy as clinically indicated.
At the time of local IRB approval of amendment #6, submission of fresh tumor samples for FB-7 correlative science studies will be optional for all patients. For patients who agree, a core biopsy procedure to procure three fresh tumor samples will be performed before randomization (after the patient has signed the consent form and has been screened for eligibility). Submission of a tumor block from the diagnostic core biopsy sample and a tumor block from gross residual disease greater than or equal to 1.0 cm, if found in the surgical specimen, will be required. In addition, a blood sample collected after randomization (before the start of study therapy) will also be required for the correlative science studies.
Beginning with Amendment #8, Arm 1 and Arm 2 were closed to accrual in the US subsequent to FDA approval of pertuzumab when given in combination with trastuzumab for neoadjuvant therapy in breast cancer. Pertuzumab and trastuzumab are both targeted therapy drugs. US patients enrolled in the study will not be randomized but will be placed into the combined targeted therapy group, Arm 3 NR, only. Randomization and study therapy for patients entered via institutions outside of the US remains unchanged.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Breast Cancer|
|Publications *||Jankowitz RC, Abraham J, Tan AR, Limentani SA, Tierno MB, Adamson LM, Buyse M, Wolmark N, Jacobs SA. Safety and efficacy of neratinib in combination with weekly paclitaxel and trastuzumab in women with metastatic HER2‑positive breast cancer: an NSABP Foundation Research Program phase I study. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2013 Dec;72(6):1205-12.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Actual Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Estimated Enrollment ICMJE
|Actual Study Completion Date||November 25, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||September 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Canada, Italy, Puerto Rico, Spain, United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01008150|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||NSABP FB-7|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||NSABP Foundation Inc|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||NSABP Foundation Inc|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Puma Biotechnology, Inc.|
|PRS Account||NSABP Foundation Inc|
|Verification Date||October 2018|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP