Use of Wii Fit (TM) to Increase Compliance With Home Exercises in Treating Patellofemoral Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01007643
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Difficulty in recruitment of study participants in alloted time and funding)
First Posted : November 4, 2009
Results First Posted : September 27, 2012
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Manitoba

November 3, 2009
November 4, 2009
July 23, 2012
September 27, 2012
September 27, 2012
October 2009
September 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Percentage of Exercise Days Completed. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
Calculated for the 12 week period as daily exercise completion rate as percentage
Compliance with daily home exercises (total number of days exercises done). [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01007643 on Archive Site
  • Changes in Patellofemoral Symptoms [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Change in Hamstring Flexibility [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Change in Quadriceps Flexibility [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Change in Vastus Medialis Oblique Muscle Strength [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Use of Wii Fit (TM) to Increase Compliance With Home Exercises in Treating Patellofemoral Syndrome
The Use of Wii Fit ™ to Increase Compliance With Home Exercises for Treatment of Patellofemoral Syndrome in Adolescent Females
To determine the utility of the Wii Fit TM interactive video game program in patellofemoral symptom resolution, development of increased muscle strength and flexibility as a result of increased compliance with home exercises in adolescent females with patellofemoral syndrome.

Patellofemoral syndrome (PFS) is a very common diagnosis amongst adolescents and young adults. Symptoms can be chronic in nature and interfere with sporting activity and activities of daily living. Current treatment consists of home exercises to increase muscular strength and flexibility. Adolescents are known to have poor compliance with treatments for chronic illnesses.

There is a paucity of published literature surrounding the Wii TM Interactive Video Game. There has been one published report of the use of Wii Fit TM in rehabilitation where participants used the Wii Fit TM to train proprioception after ankle injury. Individuals that participated in the Wii Fit TM group found improvement in their balance on objective measures as well as increased enjoyment with their treatment plan. One anecdotal report used the Wii TM video game in physiotherapy treatments of a college athlete and found a dramatic increase in attendance compliance after introduction of the video game.

This randomized controlled study will determine if using the Wii Fit TM for home exercise completion will increase compliance and subsequently improve symptoms related to patellofemoral syndrome in adolescent females.

Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Patellofemoral Syndrome
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
  • Anterior Knee Pain Syndrome
  • Other: Wii Fit (TM) Interactive Video Game
    Use of interactive video game exercise program on a daily basis focusing on quadriceps and hamstring flexibility along with VMO strengthening.
    Other Name: Nintendo Wii Fit (TM)
  • Other: Traditional Home Exercise Program
    Completion of daily home exercise program for quadriceps and hamstring flexibility and VMO strengthening.
  • Experimental: Wii Fit (TM) Interactive Video Game
    Wii Fit (TM) Interactive Video Game
    Intervention: Other: Wii Fit (TM) Interactive Video Game
  • Active Comparator: Traditional Home Exercise Program
    Traditional Home Exercise Program
    Intervention: Other: Traditional Home Exercise Program
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2010
September 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female between ages of 11 and 17 years of age
  • A diagnosis of patellofemoral syndrome with one or more of the following symptoms: anterior knee pain, positive theater sign, stairs provoking knee pain.
  • No physiotherapy or regular, structured home exercise program is being followed
  • Parental/guardian consent to participate
  • Patient assent to participate

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients participating in physiotherapy at the time of initial assessment or have had physiotherapy in the last 6 months for patellofemoral syndrome
  • Patients performing regular home exercise program prescribed by physician, physiotherapist, or other allied health professional for patellofemoral syndrome at time of initial assessment
  • Patients who have additional knee pathology (e.g. acute patellar dislocation; acute internal knee derangement (i.e. meniscal, ligament injury); osteochondritis dissecans; severe apophysitis or tendinitis) that could interfere with rehabilitation exercises due to pain or instability from these conditions
  • Individuals with history of knee surgery
  • Individuals that have a Wii Fit TM video game at home
  • Individuals for whom consent and assent is not obtained
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
11 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Manitoba
University of Manitoba
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Erika B Persson, MD University of Manitoba
University of Manitoba
June 2010

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP