Trial of ARQ 197 in Patients With Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Who Have Failed One Prior Systemic Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00988741
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 2, 2009
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

September 30, 2009
October 2, 2009
February 28, 2013
September 2009
October 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Evaluate time to progression among all patients treated with ARQ 197 compared to placebo [ Time Frame: Patients will be evaluated every 6 weeks until unacceptable toxicity, disease progression or another discontinuation criterion is met ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00988741 on Archive Site
  • Evaluate progression-free survival, overall survival, objective response rate and disease control rate among all patients treated with ARQ 197 compared to placebo. [ Time Frame: Patients will be evaluated for these endpoints every 6 weeks ]
  • Evaluate objective response rate in crossover population following radiographic disease progression on placebo. [ Time Frame: Patients will be evaluated for these endpoints every 6 weeks ]
  • Further characterize the safety of ARQ 197 in patients with unresectable HCC [ Time Frame: While on therapy, patients will be evaluated for safety every 4 weeks ]
  • Further evaluate pharmacokinetics of ARQ 197. [ Time Frame: Patients will be evaluated monthly for the first 3 months ]
Same as current
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Trial of ARQ 197 in Patients With Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Who Have Failed One Prior Systemic Therapy
A Randomized Controlled Phase 2 Trial of ARQ 197 in Patients With Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Who Have Failed One Prior Systemic Therapy
This is a global randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded Phase 2 study designed to compare treatment of ARQ 197 versus placebo in patients with unresectable HCC who had radiographic disease progression after systemic first line therapy or were unable to tolerate the therapy.

Patients will be randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive ARQ 197 or placebo. The treatment assignment will be stratified based on Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS), and vascular invasion status. The treatment with ARQ 197 or placebo will be continued until progression of disease, unacceptable toxicity, or another discontinuation criterion listed in this protocol is met.

After radiographic disease progression is documented, treatment assignment will be unblinded. Patients who were assigned to placebo arm and had documented radiographic disease progression will have the option to receive ARQ 197 and will be evaluated for objective response rate and disease control rate continuously.

The study will continue until 78 total time to progression events are reached. At the end of study, all remaining patients still on treatment will have the option to be rolled over to another study to continue their treatment.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Drug: ARQ 197
    The investigational drug ARQ 197 is supplied as capsules. A dose of 360 mg (3 capsules of 120 mg each) of ARQ 197 will be administered by mouth BID, once in the morning and once in the evening with meals, for a total daily dose of 720 mg. Under Amendment 2, a dose of 240 mg (2 capsules of 120 mg each) of ARQ 197/placebo will be administered by mouth BID, once in the morning and once in the evening with meals, for a total daily dose of 480 mg. A treatment cycle is defined as 4 weeks for both treatment arms. Cycles will be repeated every 4 weeks (28 days) based on toxicity and response.
    Other Name: Tivantinib
  • Drug: Placebo
    The placebo is provided in a capsule form.
  • Experimental: ARQ 197
    Intervention: Drug: ARQ 197
  • Placebo Comparator: placebo
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Santoro A, Rimassa L, Borbath I, Daniele B, Salvagni S, Van Laethem JL, Van Vlierberghe H, Trojan J, Kolligs FT, Weiss A, Miles S, Gasbarrini A, Lencioni M, Cicalese L, Sherman M, Gridelli C, Buggisch P, Gerken G, Schmid RM, Boni C, Personeni N, Hassoun Z, Abbadessa G, Schwartz B, Von Roemeling R, Lamar ME, Chen Y, Porta C. Tivantinib for second-line treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: a randomised, placebo-controlled phase 2 study. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Jan;14(1):55-63. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(12)70490-4. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
March 2012
October 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent granted prior to initiation of any study-specific screening procedures
  • 18 year of age or older
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed HCC
  • Archival, fresh core needle biopsy or fine needle aspiration (FNA) tumor samples
  • Received at least one cycle of prior systemic therapy (at least 3 weeks for continuously administered drugs) and experienced radiographic disease progression or was unable to tolerate therapy. If intolerance was manifested by a Grade 3 or 4 event of such nature that re-challenge is not acceptable, less than 3 weeks of continuous administration will be allowed
  • Discontinued prior treatment for at least 4 weeks, or at least 2 weeks (14 days) if drug was administered continuously and orally (e.g. sorafenib or sunitinib), prior to the study randomization
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) ≤1
  • Local or loco-regional therapy (i.e., surgery, radiation therapy, hepatic arterial embolization, chemoembolization, radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous ethanol injection, or cryoablation) must have been completed ≥4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Measurable disease as defined by a modified version of the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 (see section 9). Tumor lesions previously treated with local therapy should demonstrate clear dimensional increase by radiographic assessment in order to be selected as target lesion(s) at baseline. (Radiological assessment needs to be redone within 7 days prior to randomization if the pre-study AFP level has increased by more than 30% since the last AFP level taken one to four months prior to randomization)
  • Adequate bone marrow, liver, and renal functions at Pre-Study Visit, defined as:

    • Platelet count ≥ 60 × 10^9/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 × 10^9/L
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 2 mg/dL
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) ≤ 5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Serum creatinine ≤1.5 × ULN
    • International normalized ratio (INR) 0.8 to 1.4 or ≤3 for patients receiving anticoagulant such as coumadin or heparin. Patients who are therapeutically anticoagulated are allowed to participate provided that no prior evidence of underlying abnormality exists in these parameters
    • Albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dL
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within ten days prior to the start of study drug
  • Male and female subjects of child-bearing potential must agree to use double-barrier contraceptive measures, oral contraception, or avoidance of intercourse during the study and for 90 days after last investigational drug dose received

Exclusion Criteria:

  • More than 1 prior systemic regimen
  • Child-Pugh B-C cirrhotic status
  • Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct from HCC in primary site or histology, EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors (Ta, Tis & T1). Any cancer curatively treated >3 years prior to enrollment is permitted
  • History of congestive heart failure defined as Class II to IV per New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification within 6 months prior to study entry; active coronary artery disease (CAD); clinically significant bradycardia or other uncontrolled, cardiac arrhythmia defined as ≥Grade 3 according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.0, or uncontrolled hypertension; myocardial infarction occurring within 6 months prior to study entry (myocardial infarction occurring >6 months prior to study entry is permitted)
  • Active clinically serious infections defined as ≥ Grade 3 according to NCI CTCAE, version 4.0.
  • Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may, in the opinion of the Investigator, interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results
  • Any condition that is unstable or which could jeopardize the safety of the patient and his/her protocol compliance
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  • History of liver transplant
  • Inability to swallow oral medications
  • Clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding occurring ≤4 weeks prior to randomization
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Belgium,   Canada,   Germany,   Italy,   United States
ARQ 197-215
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February 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP