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T Regulatory Lymphocytes (Treg) Depletion for Cancer Treatment Efficacy and Safety Study (STARTREK)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00986518
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 30, 2009
Last Update Posted : November 25, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

September 29, 2009
September 30, 2009
November 25, 2013
October 2012
February 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Tumor size of hepatic and/or lung metastases, as measured with tomodensitometry (RECIST 1.1 criteria) [ Time Frame: from Month 1 to Month 9 ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00986518 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • MRI : Assessment of tumor necrosis, cellularity and morphological criteria RECIST 1.1 (functional criteria following injection : DCEMRI and diffusion MRI) [ Time Frame: Month 1 to Month 9 ]
  • Sonography : assessment of vascular micro-circulation with contrast injection, [ Time Frame: Month 1 to Month 9 ]
  • Immune cell reconstitution will be assessed through measuring rate of regulatory T-cell reconstitution, [ Time Frame: day 7 to 28 ]
  • Clinical Exam (WHO-CTC), Vital Signs, Adverse events [ Time Frame: day 1 to 28 ]
  • Laboratory test: hepatic function, immune function, haematology [ Time Frame: day 1 to 28 ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
T Regulatory Lymphocytes (Treg) Depletion for Cancer Treatment Efficacy and Safety Study
Controlled and Selective Depletion of Regulatory T-cell for Cancer Treatment, Efficacy and Safety Study
T regulatory lymphocytes were shown to be partly responsible for immune tolerance to cancer cells. In that respect these cells oppose to the mounting of an efficacious immune response needed to cure cancer. To treat advanced metastatic colorectal cancer, the investigators propose an immunotherapy consisting in autologous lymphocytes infusion depleted from T-regulatory cells, associated with a 5-day prior lymphoid-ablative chemotherapy associating cyclophosphamide (day 1 & 2) with fludarabine (day 1 to 5). To administer treatment and monitor chemotherapy safety, patients will be hospitalized for 3 weeks until complete recovery from chemotherapy. Patients will then be followed-up ambulatory for 9 months during which time they will be assessed for tumor size with computed tomography (CT) - scan (primary criteria).

The primary goal of the proposed clinical trial is to eliminate cancer tumor using an autologous cell therapy aiming at mounting an efficient immune anti-tumor response by selectively depleting regulatory T-cell during a controlled amount of time. This strategy will be tested in patients with hepatic metastases from colorectal who are not eligible for surgery.

This is an open-label single cohort phase I-II therapeutic trial. Patients with hepatic metastases from primary colorectal cancer, not eligible to surgery and relapsing from conventional chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy, will be included.

Following patient inclusion:

  1. A lymphapheresis will be performed at D-15 which will be subjected to cell sorting /purification of regulatory T cells on the one hand and T lymphocytes depleted from regulatory T cells (effectors T-cells) on the other, and subsequently frozen and stored (The procedures for ex vivo regulatory T cell depletion has been validated in a previous study - AFSSAPS- TC 192) ;
  2. A lymphoid-ablative chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide + fludarabine) will be perform from D1 to D5,
  3. Autologous effector T-cells administration will be performed at D7. Efficacy will be assessed through tumor size change. Change in tumor size will be assessed with CTscans (RECIST criteria), MRIs (functional criteria following injection: DCEMRI and diffusion MRI to assess change in cellularity and tumor necrosis and morphological criteria RECIST), and sonography with contrast injection (to assess vascular microcirculation). Assessments will be done prior to lymphoid-ablation and then monthly for 9 months. Safety will be systematically assessed daily during in-patient period using the World Health Organisation - Common Toxicity Criteria (WHO-CTC).
Phase 1
Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Colorectal Cancer
Biological: Adaptive autologous cell immunotherapy
each patient will undergo a blood cytapheresis to collect circulating lymphocytes. Ex-vivo cell sorting procedure will deplete patient's collected lymphocytes from regulatory T cells. Autologous Treg-depleted lymphocytes will be administered to the patient following a 5-day reduced intensity chemo-therapeutic conditioning.
Experimental: adaptive cell immunotherapy
Intervention: Biological: Adaptive autologous cell immunotherapy
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
February 2013
February 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Colon or rectal adenocarcinoma histologically proven;
  • Hepatic or lung metastasis (at least one with size >1cm on CT-scan);
  • Not eligible for surgery;
  • Prior treatment with fluoropyrimidines, CPT11, oxaliplatine and EGFR antibodies (Cetuximab ou Panitumumab) ± bevacizumab; When tumor has a mutated Kras, prior treatment with EGFR antibodies is not mandatory;
  • No local recurrence (on CT-scan, sonogram and/or colonoscopy);
  • Karnofsky index > 70 and PS 0 or 1;
  • ASA Score < 3 ;
  • Absence of chronic hepatopathy ;
  • Lab test : WBC: neutrophil> 2.0 109 / l, lymphocytes > 1.5 109 / l; creatinine < 1.5 x ULN or clearance ≥ 60 ml/min; AST et ALT< 5 x ULN, alkaline phosphatases < 3 x ULN; LDH < 3 x ULN; negative Coombs test ;
  • Signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Peritoneal carcinosis on CT-scan, MRI or PET-scan;
  • Contra-indication to MRI;
  • Patient with known allergy to iodinated contrast agent, gadolinium or Sulfate Hexafluoron ;
  • Presence of metastasis at sites other than lung and liver;
  • Documented history of auto-immune disease and/ or progressing disease;
  • Infection at whatever site;
  • Documented history of allo- or autograft;
  • Undernutrition, BMI < 18;
  • History of other cancer < 5 years (excluding cancer in situ of the cervix and baso-cellular tumor of the skin) or progressing disease;
  • Women of child bearing age without contraception , or pregnant or breast feeding.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: David Klatzmann, MD, PhD Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
September 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP