Safety and Immunogenicity of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (13vPnC) in HIV-Infected Subjects 6 Years of Age or Older Who Are Naive to Pneumococcal Vaccine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00962780
First received: August 18, 2009
Last updated: November 13, 2014
Last verified: November 2014

August 18, 2009
November 13, 2014
March 2010
April 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Antibody From 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 2 to 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 in All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
GMFR for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) from 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 to 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 were computed using the logarithmically transformed assay results. Confidence interval (CI) for GMFR were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the mean fold rise. GMFRs were calculated using all participants with available data from both 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 and after 13vPnC Dose 3 blood draws.
Immune responses after 2 and 3 doses of 13vPnC as measured by serotype-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) geometric mean fold rises (GMFRs) in all subjects. [ Time Frame: 1 month after 3 doses of 13vPnC (approx. 3 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00962780 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Geometric Mean Concentration (GMC) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Antibody 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 Relative to 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 2 in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Antibody GMC for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) for pediatric, adult and all participants are presented. GMC (13vPnC) and corresponding 2-sided 95 percent (%) CIs were evaluated. Geometric means were calculated using all participants with available data for both 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 and after 13vPnC Dose 3 blood draws. CI for GMC were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the concentrations.
  • Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Opsonophagocytic Activity (OPA) Geometric Mean Titers (GMT) 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 Relative to 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 2 in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Serotype-specific OPA GMTs for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) were determined in the blood samples of pediatric, adult and all participants using a microcolony OPA (mcOPA) assay. GMT (13vPnC) and corresponding 2-sided 95% CIs were evaluated. Geometric means were calculated using all participants with available data for both 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 and after 13vPnC Dose 3 blood draws. CI for GMT were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the titers.
  • Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Opsonophagocytic Activity (OPA) From 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 2 to 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GMFR for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) from 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 to 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 were computed using the logarithmically transformed assay results. Confidence interval (CI) for GMFR were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the mean fold rise. GMFRs were calculated using all participants with available data from both 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 and after 13vPnC Dose 3 blood draws.
  • Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Antibody From 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 2 to 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 in Pediatric and Adult Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GMFR for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) from 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 to 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 were computed using the logarithmically transformed assay results. Confidence interval (CI) for GMFR were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the mean fold rise. GMFRs were calculated using all participants with available data from both 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 2 and after 13vPnC Dose 3 blood draws.
1.Immune responses after each dose of study vaccine as measured by IgG & opsonophagocytic activity in all subjects (except IgG GMFRs), & in the pediatric & adult subgroups. 2.Safety of 13vPnC measured by local reactions, systemic events & adverse events. [ Time Frame: Approx. 8 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Geometric Mean Concentration (GMC) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Antibody Before and 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 1 in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: Before 13vPnC Dose 1, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Antibody GMC for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) for pediatric, adult and all participants are presented. GMC (13vPnC) and corresponding 2-sided 95% CIs were evaluated. Geometric means were calculated using all participants with available data for both the before and after 13vPnC Dose 1 blood draws. CI for GMC were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the concentrations.
  • Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Antibody From Before 13vPnC Dose 1 to 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 1 in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: Before 13vPnC Dose 1, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GMFR for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) from before 13vPnC Dose 1 to 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 1 were computed using the logarithmically transformed assay results. Confidence interval (CI) for GMFR were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the mean fold rise. GMFRs were calculated using all participants with available data from both before 13vPnC Dose and after 13vPnC Dose 1 blood draws.
  • Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Opsonophagocytic Activity (OPA) Geometric Mean Titers (GMT) Before and 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 1 in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: Before 13vPnC Dose 1, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Serotype-specific OPA GMTs for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) were determined in the blood samples of pediatric, adult and all participants using a microcolony OPA (mcOPA) assay. GMT (13vPnC) and corresponding 2-sided 95% CIs were evaluated. Geometric means were calculated using all participants with available data for both the before and after 13vPnC Dose 1 blood draws. CI for GMT were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the titers.
  • Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Opsonophagocytic Activity (OPA) From Before 13vPnC Dose 1 to 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 1 in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: Before 13vPnC Dose 1, 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GMFR for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) from before 13vPnC Dose 1 to 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 1 were computed using the logarithmically transformed assay results. Confidence interval (CI) for GMFR were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the mean fold rise. GMFRs were calculated using all participants with available data from both before 13vPnC Dose and after 13vPnC Dose 1 blood draws.
  • Geometric Mean Concentration (GMC) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Antibody 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 and 1 Month After 23vPS Dose in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3, 1 month after 23vPS Dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Antibody GMC for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) for pediatric, adult and all participants are presented. GMC (13vPnC) and corresponding 2-sided 95% CIs were evaluated. Geometric means were calculated using all participants with available data for both after 13vPnC Dose 3 and after 23vPS Dose blood draws. CI for GMC were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the concentrations.
  • Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR) for Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Antibody From 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 to 1 Month After 23vPS Dose in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3, 1 month after 23vPS Dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GMFR for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) from 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 to 1 month after 23vPS Dose were computed using the logarithmically transformed assay results. Confidence interval (CI) for GMFR were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the mean fold rise. GMFRs were calculated using all participants with available data from both 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 and 1 month after 23vPS Dose blood draws.
  • Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Opsonophagocytic Activity (OPA) Geometric Mean Titers (GMT) 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 and 1 Month After 23vPS Dose in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3, 1 month after 23vPS Dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Serotype-specific OPA GMTs for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) were determined in the blood samples of pediatric, adult and all participants using a mcOPA assay. GMT (13vPnC) and corresponding 2-sided 95% CIs were evaluated. Geometric means were calculated using all participants with available data for both after 13vPnC Dose 3 and after 23vPS Dose blood draws. CI for GMT were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the titers.
  • Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Opsonophagocytic Activity (OPA) Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR) From 1 Month After 13vPnC Dose 3 to 1 Month After 23vPS Dose in Pediatric, Adult and All Participants [ Time Frame: 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3, 1 month after 23vPS Dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GMFR for the 13 pneumococcal serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F) from 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 to 1 month after 23vPS Dose were computed using the logarithmically transformed assay results. Confidence interval (CI) for GMFR were back transformations of a CI based on the Student t distribution for the mean logarithm of the mean fold rise. GMFRs were calculated using all participants with available data from both 1 month after 13vPnC Dose 3 and 1 month after 23vPS Dose blood draws.
  • Percentage of Pediatric, Adult and All Participants Reporting Pre-Specified Local Reactions: 13vPnC Dose 1 [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after 13vPnC Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Specific local reactions were prompted for each day, and reported using an electronic diary. Redness and Swelling were scaled as Any (redness present or swelling present); Mild (0.5 to 2.0 centimeters (cm) for participants aged 6 to <12 years and 2.5 to 5.0 cm for participants aged greater than (>) 12 years); Moderate (2.5 to 7.0 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and 5.1 to 10.0 cm for participants aged >12 years); Severe (>7 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and >10 cm for participants aged >12 years). Pain at injection site was scaled as Any (pain present); Mild (did not interfere with activity); Moderate (interfered with activity); Severe (prevented daily activity). Report of severe swelling was confirmed as data entry error.
  • Percentage of Pediatric, Adult and All Participants Reporting Pre-Specified Local Reactions: 13vPnC Dose 2 [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after 13vPnC Dose 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Specific local reactions were prompted for each day, and reported using an electronic diary. Redness and Swelling were scaled as Any (redness present or swelling present); Mild (0.5 to 2.0 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and 2.5 to 5.0 cm for participants aged >12 years); Moderate (2.5 to 7.0 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and 5.1 to 10.0 cm for participants aged >12 years); Severe (>7 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and >10 cm for participants aged >12 years). Pain at injection site was scaled as Any (pain present); Mild (did not interfere with activity); Moderate (interfered with activity); Severe (prevented daily activity).
  • Percentage of Pediatric, Adult and All Participants Reporting Pre-Specified Local Reactions: 13vPnC Dose 3 [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after 13vPnC Dose 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Specific local reactions were prompted for each day, and reported using an electronic diary. Redness and Swelling were scaled as Any (redness present or swelling present); Mild (0.5 to 2.0 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and 2.5 to 5.0 cm for participants aged >12 years); Moderate (2.5 to 7.0 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and 5.1 to 10.0 cm for participants aged >12 years); Severe (>7 cm for participants aged 6 to <12 years and >10 cm for participants aged >12 years). Pain at injection site was scaled as Any (pain present); Mild (did not interfere with activity); Moderate (interfered with activity); Severe (prevented daily activity).
  • Percentage of Pediatric, Adult and All Participants Reporting Pre-Specified Systemic Events: 13vPnC Dose 1 [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after 13vPnC Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Specific systemic events (fever >=38 degrees Celsius[C], fatigue, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, joint pain and use of medication to treat pain/fever) were prompted for each day, and reported using an electronic diary. Fatigue, headache, muscle pain and joint pain were scaled as: Any (symptom present); Mild (did not interfere with activity); Moderate (some interference with activity); Severe (prevented routine daily activity). Vomiting was scaled as: Any (vomiting present); Mild (1-2 times in 24 hours); Moderate (>2 times in 24 hours); Severe (required intravenous hydration). Diarrhea was scaled as: Any (diarrhea present); Mild (2-3 loose stools in 24 hours); Moderate (4-5 loose stools 24 hours); Severe (>=6 loose stools in 24 hours). All reporting of fever >40 degrees C except 2 participants and all reporting of severe vomiting, after 13vPnC Dose 1, were confirmed as data entry errors.
  • Percentage of Pediatric, Adult and All Participants Reporting Pre-Specified Systemic Events: 13vPnC Dose 2 [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after 13vPnC Dose 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Specific systemic events (fever >=38 degrees Celsius[C], fatigue, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, joint pain and use of medication to treat pain/fever) were prompted for each day, and reported using an electronic diary. Fatigue, headache, muscle pain and joint pain were scaled as: Any (symptom present); Mild (did not interfere with activity); Moderate (some interference with activity); Severe (prevented routine daily activity). Vomiting was scaled as: Any (vomiting present); Mild (1-2 times in 24 hours); Moderate (>2 times in 24 hours); Severe (required intravenous hydration). Diarrhea was scaled as: Any (diarrhea present); Mild (2-3 loose stools in 24 hours); Moderate (4-5 loose stools 24 hours); Severe (>=6 loose stools in 24 hours). All reporting of fever >40 degrees C and all reporting of severe vomiting, after 13vPnC Dose 2, were confirmed as data entry errors.
  • Percentage of Pediatric, Adult and All Participants Reporting Pre-Specified Systemic Events: 13vPnC Dose 3 [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after 13vPnC Dose 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Specific systemic events (fever >=38 degrees Celsius[C], fatigue, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, joint pain and use of medication to treat pain/fever) were prompted for each day, and reported using an electronic diary. Fatigue, headache, muscle pain and joint pain were scaled as: Any (symptom present); Mild (did not interfere with activity); Moderate (some interference with activity); Severe (prevented routine daily activity). Vomiting was scaled as: Any (vomiting present); Mild (1-2 times in 24 hours); Moderate (>2 times in 24 hours); Severe (required intravenous hydration). Diarrhea was scaled as: Any (diarrhea present); Mild (2-3 loose stools in 24 hours); Moderate (4-5 loose stools 24 hours); Severe (>=6 loose stools in 24 hours). All reporting of fever >40 degrees C except 1 participant and all reporting of severe vomiting, after 13vPnC Dose 3, were confirmed as data entry errors.
Not Provided
 
Safety and Immunogenicity of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (13vPnC) in HIV-Infected Subjects 6 Years of Age or Older Who Are Naive to Pneumococcal Vaccine
A Phase 3, Open-label, Single-Arm Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity of 2 and 3 Doses of 13vPnC in HIV-Infected Subjects 6 Years of Age and Older Who Have Not Been Previously Immunized With Pneumococcal Vaccine

The study will evaluate the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (13vPnC) in HIV-infected subjects 6 years of age or older who have not been previously immunized with a pneumococcal vaccine. All subjects will receive 3 doses of 13vPnC and 1 dose of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (23vPS), with each dose given approximately 1 month apart.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 3
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV Infections
  • Pneumococcal Infections
  • Biological: 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (13vPnC)
    13vPnC; 3 vaccinations given at approximately 1 month intervals at visits 1-3
    Other Name: 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (13vPnC)
  • Biological: 23-valent Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (23vPS)
    23vPS; 1 vaccination given at visit 4 (approximately 1 month after visit 3)
    Other Name: 23-valent Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (23vPS)
  • Procedure: Blood draw
    Blood draw; 5 blood draws approximately 1 month apart taken prior to vaccination at visits 1-4 and visit 5 (approximately 1 month after visit 4).
    Other Name: Blood draw
  • Procedure: Blood draw
    1 or 2 blood draws for CD4+ T cell count and HIV viral load at least 6 weeks apart, if subject does not have 2 CD4+ T cell counts and HIV viral load counts within 6 months before visit 1.
    Other Name: Screening blood draw(s)
Experimental: 1
3 doses of 13vPnC and 1 dose of 23vPS, each dose given approximately 1 month apart
Interventions:
  • Biological: 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (13vPnC)
  • Biological: 23-valent Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (23vPS)
  • Procedure: Blood draw
  • Procedure: Blood draw
Bhorat AE, Madhi SA, Laudat F, Sundaraiyer V, Gurtman A, Jansen KU, Scott DA, Emini EA, Gruber WC, Schmoele-Thoma B. Immunogenicity and safety of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in HIV-infected individuals naive to pneumococcal vaccination. AIDS. 2015 Jul 17;29(11):1345-54. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000689.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
303
April 2013
April 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects aged 6 years or older
  • Viral load < 50,000 copies/mL and CD4+ T cell count >= 200/uL within 6 months before study vaccination
  • Receiving stable highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) or not currently receiving any antiretroviral therapy
  • No previous vaccination with a pneumococcal vaccine
  • Subject or parent/legal guardian able to complete an electronic diary

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) at time of enrollment
  • Current illicit substance and/or alcohol abuse
  • History of active chronic viral hepatitis
  • Previous anaphylactic reaction to a vaccine or vaccine-related component
  • Serious chronic disorders including metastatic malignancy and end-stage renal disease
Both
6 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Romania,   South Africa
 
NCT00962780
6115A1-3002, B1851021
Yes
Pfizer
Pfizer
Not Provided
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
Pfizer
November 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP