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Chemotherapy Followed by Infusion of DMF5 Cells to Treat Metastatic Melanoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00924001
Recruitment Status : Terminated (study was stopped due to low accrual)
First Posted : June 18, 2009
Results First Posted : June 7, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2012
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 17, 2009
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 18, 2009
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 22, 2011
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE June 7, 2012
Last Update Posted Date October 25, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE August 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 7, 2012)
  • Number of Participants With an Objective Clinical Tumor Regression Response According to RECIST Criteria [ Time Frame: 44 days ]
    Response is determined by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Complete response (CR) is the disappearance of all target lesions, partial response (PR) is at least a 30% decrease in the target lesions, progression (PD) is at least a 20% increase in the target lesions or appearance of one or more new lesions, and stable disease is neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD.
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 44 days ]
    Here are the number of participants with adverse events. For a detailed list of adverse events see the adverse event module.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 17, 2009)
Clinical response according to RECIST criteria and toxicity.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 7, 2012)
Number of Participiants With In-vivo Survival of Infused Cells [ Time Frame: 44 days ]
In-vivo survival of infused cells is determined by analysis of the sequence of the variable region of the T cell receptor or flow cytometry (FACS).
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 17, 2009)
Determine the rate of repopulation of young TIL cells and establish correlates that predict in vivo persistence and clinical response.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Chemotherapy Followed by Infusion of DMF5 Cells to Treat Metastatic Melanoma
Official Title  ICMJE Phase I/II Study Using a Non-Myeloablative Lymphocyte Depleting Regimen of Chemotherapy Followed by Infusion of Allogeneic Tumor-Reactive Lymphocyte Cell Line DMF5 in Metastatic Melanoma
Brief Summary


  • This study will use cells called DMF5 to treat patients with metastatic melanoma (melanoma that has spread beyond the primary tumor site).
  • The DMF5 cells were first obtained from a tumor of a patient with melanoma with HLA-A201 tissue type. The tumor cells were grown in the laboratory, and when the laboratory-grown cells were given back to the patient, the patient's tumors shrank dramatically. In laboratory tests, DMF5 cells were also shown to shrink mouse melanoma tumors.


-To determine whether preparatory chemotherapy followed by infusion of DMF5 cells is a safe and effective for shrinking melanoma tumors.


-Patients with metastatic melanoma and tissue type HLA-A201 who are 18 years of age or older.


  • Patients have a preparatory regimen of chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine followed by infusion of DMF5 cells and then high-dose interleukin. The chemotherapy, interleukin and cells are given intravenously (through a vein).
  • Patients have frequent blood tests to look for the side effects and response to treatment.
  • Patients may be asked to have a tumor biopsy (surgical removal of a small piece of tumor tissue) to examine the effects of treatment on the immune cells in the tumor.
  • Patients have a physical examination, computed tomography (CT) of the chest, abdomen and pelvis and laboratory tests 4 to 6 weeks after treatment and then monthly to evaluate the tumor.
  • The first group of patients participates in the Phase I portion of the study, called the dose escalation phase. This phase will determine the highest safe dose of DMF5 cells. There will be three dose levels of DMF5 cells, with the first patients enrolled getting the smallest dose and then increasing the dose when the preceding level has been shown to be safe.
  • Patients in the Phase II portion of the study receive DMF5 cells at the highest dose found to be safe in Phase I, to test the effectiveness of the treatment.
Detailed Description


In previous trials in the Surgery Branch, a 51 percent objective response rate has been observed in heavily pre-treated patients with metastatic melanoma undergoing adoptive cell transfer therapy utilizing a non-myeloablative preparative regimen followed by administration of autologous tumor-reactive lymphocytes and subsequent treatment with high-dose aldesleukin.

However, in patients with metastatic melanoma undergoing metastasectomy, recovery of adequate numbers of tumor specific T lymphocytes from surgical specimens is possible in approximately half of all patients, thus limiting the application of adoptive cell transfer therapy.

Murine models performed in the Surgery Branch have demonstrated solid tumor regression in mice treated with allogeneic tumor specific T cells combined with a preinfusion lymphodepleting regimen.

We have identified a tumor specific lymphocyte cell line (DMF5) used previously in an autologous adoptive cell transfer protocol that was associated with an objective clinical response in that patient.

In subsequent preclinical testing of this lymphocyte population, we have demonstrated high specificity against HLA-A 0201 positive melanoma cell lines as well as the common shared melanocyte differentiation antigen MART-1:27-35. We have expanded this lymphocyte population to provide up to 30 individual allogeneic cell transfers to HLAA 0201 positive patients with metastatic melanoma.

In this trial we want to test our hypothesis that objective tumor regression can be achieved with the DMF5 allogeneic T-cell product using a non-myeloablative regimen followed by cell transfer and high-dose aldesleukin.

It should be emphasized that this protocol is designed to test whether highly melanoma reactive allogeneic lymphocytes can mediate cancer regression. The DMF5 cell line is a limited reagent only available for the treatment of up to 30 patients. However, if this treatment results in cancer regression, it will represent an important step in our development of an allogeneic T-cell receptor engineered universal effector cell line for the treatment of patients with cancer.


To evaluate the safety of the administration of the DMF5 allogeneic T-cell product in patients receiving the non- myeloablative conditioning regimen, and aldesleukin.

To determine whether this allogeneic tumor-specific lymphocyte cell line, hereafter referred to as DMF5, infused in conjunction with the administration of high-dose aldesleukin may result in objective clinical tumor regression in eligible HLA-A 0201 positive patients with metastatic melanoma receiving a non-myeloablative lymphoid depleting preparative regimen.

To determine the in vivo survival of the infused cells following the non-myeloablative regimen, via analysis of the sequence of the variable region of the T cell receptor or flow cytometry (FACS).


Patients with metastatic melanoma who are greater than or equal to 18 years of age, HLA-A 0201 positive, do not have suitable autologous tumor reactive TIL cells available, and are able to tolerate high-dose aldesleukin.


Patients will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regiment consisting of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day times 2 days intravenous (IV)) and fludarabine (25 mg/m2/day IV times 5 days).

Patients will receive intravenous adoptive transfer of the tumor reactive lymphocyte cell line DMF5 (after its expansion in interleukin-2 and OKT3) followed by high-dose intravenous (IV) aldesleukin (720,000 IU/kg/dose every 8 hours for up to 15 doses).

Patients will undergo complete evaluation of tumor with physical examination, CT of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis and clinical laboratory evaluation four to six weeks after treatment and then monthly for approximately 3 to 4 months or until off study criteria are met. The study will be conducted using a Phase I/II optimal design. The protocol will proceed in a phase 1 dose escalation design, with three cohorts. Should a single patient experience a dose limiting toxicity at a particular dose level, three more patients would be treated at that dose to confirm that no greater than 1/6 patients have a DLT prior to proceeding to the next higher level. If a level with 2 or more DLTs in 3-6 patients has been identified, three additional patients will be accrued at the next lowest dose, for a total of 6, in order to further characterize the safety of the maximum tolerated dose prior to starting the phase II portion. If a dose limiting toxicity occurs in the first cohort, that cohort will be expanded to 6 patients. If 2 DLTs are encountered in this cohort, the study will be terminated.

Once the MTD has been determined, the study then would proceed to the phase II portion, and initially, 9 total patients will be administered the therapy at the maximum tolerated dose. The plan will utilize a Simon two-stage optimal phase II design. If 0 of the 9 patients experiences a clinical response, then no further patients will be enrolled but if 1 or more of the first 9 evaluable patients enrolled have a clinical response, then accrual will continue until a total of 30 evaluable patients have been enrolled.

This design has the ability to distinguish a 5% response rate (p0=0.05) from a 25% response rate (p1=0.25), with 10% probability of falsely "accepting" the DMF5 cell therapy approach (alpha=0.10), and 10% probability of incorrectly discarding this strategy as if it were unacceptably poor (beta=0.10). This design also has 63% probability of stopping early (at 9 patients) if the true response rate is 5%.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Melanoma
  • Malignant Melanoma
  • Melanoma, Experimental
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: DMF5 Melanoma Reactive TIL
    given intravenously over 20-30 minutes (between 1 x 10^9 and 1 x 10^11 lymphocytes) after expansion in interleukin-2 and OKT-3
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    60 mg/kg/day x 2 days intravenously
    Other Names:
    • Cytoxan
    • Endoxan
    • Neosar
    • Procytox
    • Revimmune
  • Drug: Fludarabine
    25 mg/m^2/day intravenously x 5 days
    Other Name: Fludara
  • Drug: Aldesleukin
    720,000 IU/kg/dose intravenously every 8 hours for up to 15 doses
    Other Name: Proleukin
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Metastatic Melanoma
Melanoma that has invaded deep into the skin, lymph nodes, or other parts of the body.
  • Drug: DMF5 Melanoma Reactive TIL
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: Fludarabine
  • Drug: Aldesleukin
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 27, 2010)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 17, 2009)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE


  1. Measurable metastatic melanoma that is refractory to standard treatment including high dose aldesleukin.
  2. Unsuitable autologous cells for Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved Surgery Branch adoptive cell therapy studies.
  3. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
  4. Life expectancy of greater than three months.
  5. Willing to sign a durable power of attorney.
  6. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document.
  7. Human leukocyte antigen A (HLA-A) 0201 positive.
  8. Willing to practice birth control during treatment and for four months after receiving the preparative regimen.
  9. Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0 or 1.
  10. Hematology:

    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm^3 without support of filgrastim.
    • WBC greater than 3000/mm^3.
    • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl.
    • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3.
  11. Serology:

    • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune - competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
    • Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen and hepatitis C antibody unless antigen negative.
  12. Chemistry:

    • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than three times the upper limit of normal.
    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl.
    • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl.
  13. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients' toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less (except for toxicities such as alopecia or vitiligo).
  14. Six weeks must have elapsed since prior Ipilimumab (MDX-010) therapy to allow antibody levels to decline.
  15. Patients who have previously received MDX-010 must have a normal colonoscopy with normal colonic biopsies.


  1. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus or infant.
  2. Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease.
  3. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease).
  4. Opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in his protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
  5. Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) lesions (Patients maybe eligible after treatment of their symptomatic lesions.)
  6. Systemic steroid therapy.
  7. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.
  8. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms.
  9. Patients with a prolonged (greater than 20 pk/yrs) history of cigarette smoking or symptoms of respiratory dysfunction with pulmonary function tests (PFT's) indicating an forced expiratory volume (FEV1) less than 60 percent predicted for age.
  10. Patients with a history of clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, heart block or greater than or equal to age 60 with an left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of less than 45 percent on cardiac evaluation (echocardiogram, multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA), etc.) will be excluded.
  11. Positive allo-specific reactivity of the DMF5 cells to the patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC).
  12. Documented penicillin allergy.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00924001
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 070210
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Steven A. Rosenberg, M.D./National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health
Original Responsible Party Not Provided
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Steven Rosenberg, M.D. National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date October 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP