Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation on Host Immunity to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Response to Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00918086
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 11, 2009
Last Update Posted : July 11, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas R. Ziegler, MD, Emory University

June 10, 2009
June 11, 2009
July 11, 2014
July 2009
September 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The primary outcome for this intent-to-treat trial is the time to Mycobacterium tuberculosis sputum culture conversion to negative [ Time Frame: Up to 16 weeks from therapy start date ]
The primary outcome for this intent-to-treat trial is the proportion of TB patients that are sputum culture negative or M. tuberculosis at 8 weeks of therapy [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after therapy begins ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00918086 on Archive Site
Sputum culture result (positive or negative) [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after therapy start date ]
Serial changes in sputum culture positivity, serial concentrations of LL-37 in sputum, saliva and plasma, LL-37 mRNA and protein expression in skin and nutritional status assessments [ Time Frame: upto 16 weeks after enrollment ]
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Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation on Host Immunity to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Response to Treatment
Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation on Host Immunity to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Response to Treatment: Building Translational Research Capacity in Nutrition and Infectious Diseases in the Republic of Georgia

Tuberculosis bacterium (TB) is a germ that can infect any part of the human body, especially the lungs. Vitamin D is a hormone present in humans that regulates blood electrolytes such as calcium and phosphate. There is new information that links vitamin D to the functioning of our immune system. The purpose of the study is to find out how vitamin D affects the immune system of patients with TB. We want to find out if correcting low vitamin D levels, in addition to getting standard therapy for TB, will help the immune system fight off TB infection more effectively.

The study will be done at the Georgia National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NCTBLD) in Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia. 220 patients with tuberculosis and 80 family members or household contacts of patients with tuberculosis will be participating in this study. TB patients, already receiving standard TB therapy, will be randomly assigned to either receive the Vitamin D pill or a placebo for a total of sixteen weeks. Neither the subject nor the investigator will know whether the subject has received the Vitamin D or the inactive placebo.The subject will orally consume the Vitamin D/placebo tablet 3 times a week for the 1st 8 weeks (while in hospital) and then once every other week for the last 8 weeks( during out-patient visits to the hospital).

The main study hypothesis is that Vitamin D supplementation helps patients with tuberculosis, who are on standard anti TB antibiotic therapy, get better faster.

This is a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial on the clinical efficacy and antimicrobial mechanisms of oral high dose vitamin D3 therapy three times weekly given for 8 weeks followed by the same vitamin D dose given every other week for a subsequent 8 weeks (n=129) versus placebo (n=129) in newly diagnosed Georgian patients with pulmonary TB.

The trial is also designed to obtain needed information on vitamin D status and general nutritional status in TB patients in Georgia, explore vitamin D regulation of the endogenous antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin/LL-37 in human tissues, and obtain hypothesis-generating data on the potential role of cathelicidin/LL-37 as a mechanism for the anti-mycobacterial effects of vitamin D in humans.

The potential study subjects will be identified and clinically monitored by clinical study coordinators after diagnosis by standard methods (compatible signs and symptoms, positive sputum AFB smear and culture, chest X-ray). Medical records of all patients with newly diagnosed tuberculosis registered for treatment at the NCTBLD in Tbilisi will be screened for eligibility for participation in the study. Written informed consent will be obtained from patients who met eligibility criteria and agreed to participate in the study prior to the subject undergoing any study-related procedure. Participation in study will involve a total of seven study visits (one baseline and six follow up visits.

TB patients will otherwise be conventionally treated with anti-TB drug regimens using the DOTS protocols: an initial 2 month in-hospital intensive phase with daily treatment with oral rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol, followed by an outpatient continuation phase for 4 months with rifampicin and isoniazid only, given 3 times per week. Given data that TB disease itself is associated with vitamin D depletion we will also recruit 80 otherwise healthy, adult family members of the pulmonary TB patients as a pilot substudy. Family members recruited will be those accompanying the TB patient to clinic.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
  • Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D pill
    Oral tablet taken for 16 weeks
  • Dietary Supplement: Placebo
    An inactive pill that looks and tastes like the Vitamin D pill
  • Experimental: Vitamin D pill
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D pill
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Tukvadze N, Sanikidze E, Kipiani M, Hebbar G, Easley KA, Shenvi N, Kempker RR, Frediani JK, Mirtskhulava V, Alvarez JA, Lomtadze N, Vashakidze L, Hao L, Del Rio C, Tangpricha V, Blumberg HM, Ziegler TR. High-dose vitamin D3 in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Nov;102(5):1059-69. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.113886. Epub 2015 Sep 23.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2014
September 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient is age > 18 years;
  2. Patient has documented new case of smear-positive pulmonary TB;
  3. Patient has received ≤ 1 week of anti-TB therapy;
  4. The patient will receive anti-TB therapy in Tbilisi;
  5. Patient has provided informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has had > 30 days of lifetime TB therapy;
  2. Patient is currently pregnant or lactating;
  3. Patient has a history of organ transplant;
  4. Patient has a history of cancer in past 5 years (ineligibility criteria does not include non-melanoma skin cancer);
  5. Patient has a history of seizures;
  6. Patient has a history of hypercalcemia;
  7. Patient has a history of hyperparathyroidism;
  8. Patient has a history of sarcoidosis;
  9. Patient has a history of nephrolithiasis (renal stones);
  10. Patient has taken oral corticosteroids in the past 30 days;
  11. Patient is currently using cytotoxic or immunosuppressive drugs;
  12. Patient currently has significant renal dysfunction (defined as a serum creatinine of >250mmol/L);
  13. Patient requires dialysis therapy;
  14. Patient has a history of cirrhosis;
  15. Patient is currently incarcerated;
  16. Patient is not able to complete all study visits in at the NCTBLD in Tbilisi.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Vitamin D Georgia Study ( Other Identifier: Other )
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Thomas R. Ziegler, MD, Emory University
Emory University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Thomas R Ziegler, MD Emory University
Emory University
July 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP