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Psychosocial Adjustment of Adolescents With Spina Bifida (CHATS)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00891891
First Posted: May 1, 2009
Last Update Posted: April 18, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
March of Dimes
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Grayson Holmbeck, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
April 30, 2009
May 1, 2009
April 18, 2017
September 2005
June 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Social functioning/peer relationships [ Time Frame: at each data collection wave (Time 1 through Time 6) ]
Social functioning/peer relationships [ Time Frame: longitudinal during adolescent development ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00891891 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Psychosocial adjustment [ Time Frame: at each data collection wave (Time 1 through Time 6) ]
  • Transition to adult healthcare [ Time Frame: Time 5 and Time 6 ]
Psychosocial adjustment [ Time Frame: longitudinal during adolescent development ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Psychosocial Adjustment of Adolescents With Spina Bifida
Psychosocial Adjustment of Adolescents With Spina Bifida
The purpose of this longitudinal study is to evaluate a developmentally-oriented bio-neuropsychological model of adjustment in youth and young adults with spina bifida. The theoretical framework for the study is a developmentally-oriented bio-neuropsychosocial model of psychological adjustment.

The purpose of this longitudinal study is to evaluate a developmentally-oriented bio-neuropsychological model of adjustment in youth and young adults with spina bifida (SB). The theoretical framework for the study is a developmentally-oriented bio-neuropsychosocial model of psychological adjustment. Extensive multi-source (i.e., youth, peers, parents, teachers, health professionals, and medical chart) and multi-method (i.e., questionnaires, interviews, neuropsychological testing, and observational) data are collected across several predictor variable domains: (1) biological (i.e., severity of disability, current and past health status, pubertal development), (2) neuropsychological (i.e., executive functions and attention, language pragmatics and inference making skills, emotion recognition), and (3) social (i.e., observed and perceived social behaviors with peers and family). A multidimensional perspective on adjustment will is adopted insofar as the following constructs are assessed: internalizing symptoms (e.g., depression), externalizing symptoms (e.g., aggression), social adjustment, romantic relationship involvement, quality of life and functional status, school performance, vocational achievements, autonomy development, independent living, medical adherence, and the transition to adult medical care. Within the context of this model, several mediation and moderation models are being tested to identify underlying mechanisms for associations between variables and to determine whether variables within one domain can compensate for deficits in another domain.

This longitudinal study of youth with SB includes the following innovations: (1) videotaped social interactions between youth with SB and their close friends, (2) a comprehensive assessment of socially-relevant neuropsychological factors, (3) an extensive multi-respondent questionnaire- and interview-based evaluation of the targets' social adjustment, (4) an interview-based evaluation of the transition to emerging adulthood, and (5) an oversampling of Hispanic families.

Currently, the investigators are collecting Times 4, 5 and 6 longitudinal data on a cohort of 140 youth with SB (ages 8-15 at Time 1, ages 10-17 at Time 2, ages 12-19 at Time 3, ages 14-21 at Time 4, ages 16-23 at Time 5, ages 18-25 at Time 6). Parents and a close friend participate when youth participants are under 18 years of age; when participants are 18 years and older, they are the sole participator. Data is collected via trained research assistants during home visits.

Because of our efforts to select variables that are modifiable, findings of this study will inform interventions designed to address the social difficulties of youth with SB, interventions that facilitate young adults' full participation in the milestones of young adulthood, and the manuals of care that will be developed by the investigators. Moreover, findings will provide policy-relevant information to improve the transition to adult medical care for individuals with this debilitating birth defect.

Observational
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Not Provided
Not Provided
Non-Probability Sample
Children with spina bifida (ages 8-15) and their families and close friends
Spina Bifida
Not Provided
Spina Bifida
140 children with spina bifida (ages 8-15)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
140
June 2021
June 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Inclusion criteria for youth with SB were: (a) a diagnosis of SB (types included myelomeningocele, lipomeningocele, myelocystocele), (b) age 8-15 years at Time 1, (c) ability to speak and read English or Spanish, (d) involvement of at least one primary custodial caregiver, and (e) residence within 300 miles of the laboratory (to allow for home visits to collect data). Latino families were intentionally oversampled to better study this subpopulation of youth with SB, given their prevalence.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
8 Years to 15 Years   (Child)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00891891
NICHD R01 HD048629
NICHD R01 HD048629
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Grayson Holmbeck, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
  • March of Dimes
  • National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Principal Investigator: Grayson N Holmbeck, PhD Loyola University Chicago
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
April 2017