SNAP 25 Gene Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00885560
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Collecting data for the population involved was very difficult. Over 3 years, only 19 participants were recruited.)
First Posted : April 22, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2012
UBC Human Early Learning Partnership (HELP)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia

April 20, 2009
April 22, 2009
September 18, 2012
July 2006
July 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00885560 on Archive Site
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SNAP 25 Gene Study
Do People With ADHD, Who Respond Well to Amphetamine Medication But Not to Methylphenidate, Have Allelic Variants of the SNAP 25 Gene?
To enhance our capacity to correctly choose the appropriate medication for ADHD patients on the first try based on the presence of a particular variant of a gene that could be identified on a laboratory test. It is hypothesized that patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) who have failed to respond to methylphenidate medication, but do respond to amphetamines, have a higher than expected incidence the allelic variants of the SNAP 25 gene associated with ADHD, and mutations of the dopamine system genes DRD1, 2, 4, 5 and dopamine transporter and COMTand MAOA.

Previous research has demonstrated that while 75% of patients respond to any stimulant, of those who do not 33% will respond to a stimulant of the other class. Based on previous research correlating increased mutations in the dopamine system genes DRD1, 2, 4, 5, dopamine transporter, COMT, and MAOA with ADHD, we will also be investigating the relationship between mutations in these genes and patient response to MPH and amphetamines. This study is a pilot, but it was an obvious next step in the studies that are being done on the genetics of ADHD. The outcome of this research, whether an association is or is not found, will be of considerable interest to researchers internationally, and will demonstrate the value of HELP funding in promoting research that can alleviate mental illness in children The study will make a significant contribution to appropriate intervention for these children, and promote greater awareness that the deficits suffered by children with attention problems is neither willful nor a matter of intelligence, but rather a syndrome that can be explained and can be modified with appropriate medical care.

A chi-square test will be conducted to determine whether there is differential representation of SNAP 25 among therapeutic methylphenidate responders versus non-responders. Statistical comparison will be performed using a two-tailed test at the .05 level of significance.

Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
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Retention:   Samples With DNA
Whole blood for genetic analysis.
Probability Sample
ADHD patients from 6 years of age
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2010
July 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients will be male or female outpatients who are at least 6 years of age (there is no upper age limit)
  2. Patients must meet DSM-IV criteria for ADHD
  3. Patients and parents/guardians must have a degree of understanding sufficient to be able to communicate suitably with the investigator and study coordinator
  4. Patients must have tolerated the drug at therapeutic doses, but have shown a true lack of improvement in symptoms
  5. Must have shown clinically significant superiority in improvement in ADHD symptoms on amphetamine relative to MPH.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Must not have a true allergy to methylphenidate or amphetamines
  2. Must not have a history of serious adverse reactions to methylphenidate
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
6 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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University of British Columbia
University of British Columbia
UBC Human Early Learning Partnership (HELP)
Principal Investigator: Margaret D. Weiss, MD, Ph.D University of British Columbia
Study Director: Jim Kennedy, MD University of British Columbia
Study Director: Atilla Turgay, MD British Columbia Children's & Women's Hospital
University of British Columbia
September 2012