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Bevacizumab and Lapatinib in Children With Recurrent or Refractory Ependymoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00883688
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2009
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
CERN Foundation - Collaborative Ependymoma Research Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 17, 2009
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 20, 2009
Last Update Posted Date November 18, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE July 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 17, 2015)
Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 4 weeks following treatment with repeat assessments, up to one year. ]
Primary endpoint is objective response rate, complete response plus partial response (CR+PR) sustained for at least four weeks. Complete Response (CR) - Complete disappearance on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of all enhancing tumor and mass effect, on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids (or receiving only adrenal replacement doses), accompanied by a stable or improving neurologic examination and must be sustained for at least 4 weeks. If CSF was positive it must become negative. Partial Response (PR) - Greater than or equal to 50% reduction in tumor size by bi-dimensional measurement on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids, accompanied by stable or improving neurologic examination and must be sustained for at least 4 weeks.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2009)
Response Rates [ Time Frame: 4 Years ]
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00883688 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Bevacizumab and Lapatinib in Children With Recurrent or Refractory Ependymoma
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Study of Bevacizumab and Lapatinib in Children With Recurrent or Refractory Ependymoma
Brief Summary The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the combination of Avastin (bevacizumab) and Tykerb (lapatinib) can help to control ependymoma in pediatric patients. The safety of this drug combination will also be studied.
Detailed Description

The Study Drugs:

Bevacizumab is designed to block the growth of blood vessels that supply nutrients necessary for tumor growth. This may prevent and/or slow down the growth of cancer cells.

Lapatinib is designed to prevent or slow down the growth of cancer cells by blocking proteins inside the cancer cells.

Study Drug Administration:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will receive bevacizumab every 2 weeks while you are on study (2 times during each 4-week "study cycle"). The first time you receive the drug, it will be given by vein over 90 minutes. If this dose is well tolerated, you may receive future doses over 30 minutes.

You will take pills of lapatinib 2 times each day while you are on study. The pills should be taken at about the same time each day. You should not eat or drink anything except water for 1 hour before or 1 hour after you take the pills. If you miss a dose, do not take extra pills the next day to try and make up for the missed dose. You should report any missed pills or any trouble you may have with taking the pills to your study doctor.

You will be given a patient diary in which you must record what time you take lapatinib each time.

Study Visits:

At all study visits, you will be asked about any other drugs that you may be taking and about any side effects that you may be experiencing.

During Cycle 1 the following tests and procedures will be performed at least 1 time each week:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.

Two (2) times each week during Cycle 1, blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

At the end of Cycle 1, urine will be collected for routine tests.

On Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 2, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

At the end of Cycle 2, you will have an MRI scan of your head to check the status of the disease. If your doctor thinks it is needed, you will also have an MRI of your spine and a spinal tap to check your cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for presence of disease.

On Day 1 of Cycle 3 and beyond, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) and urine will be collected for routine tests.

Every 8 weeks, starting with the end of Cycle 4, while you are on study, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will have an MRI scan of the brain to check the status of the disease.
  • If your doctor thinks it is needed, you will have an MRI scan of the spine to check the status of the disease.
  • If your doctor thinks it is needed, you will have a spinal tap to check your CSF for the presence of disease.

Every 12 weeks while you are on study, the following tests and procedures will be performed to check for possible side effects:

  • You will have an echocardiogram or a multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA) (if the study doctor thinks it is necessary) to test your heart function.
  • You will have an x-ray of your right knee.
  • If your doctor thinks it is needed, you will have an MRI scan of both knees.

Length of Study:

You will be on study for up to 2 years. You will be taken off study if the disease gets worse, if you experience intolerable side effects, or if the doctor thinks it is in your best interest.

End-of-Treatment Visit:

After you have finished receiving the study drugs, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs.
  • You will be asked about any other drugs that you may be taking and about any side effects that you may be experiencing.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be collected for routine tests.
  • You will have an echocardiogram or a MUGA scan (if the study doctor thinks it is necessary) to test your heart function.
  • You will have an x-ray of your right knee.
  • You will have MRI scans of the brain and spine to check the status of the disease.
  • If your doctor thinks it is needed, you will have a spinal tap to check the status of the disease.

Long-Term Follow-up:

You will have a follow-up visit 30 days after you have finished receiving the study drugs. The following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your vital signs.
  • You will be asked about any other drugs that you may be taking and about any side effects that you may be experiencing.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be collected for routine tests.

This is an investigational study. Bevacizumab is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of colon, rectum, lung and certain types of breast cancer. Lapatinib is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of certain types of breast cancer. The use of this drug combination in ependymomas in pediatric patients is investigational.

Up to 40 patients will take part in this multicenter study. Up to 6 patients will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Brain Cancer
  • Pediatric Cancers
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Bevacizumab
    10 mg/kg given by vein over 90 minutes for first injection (30-60 minutes for subsequent doses) every 2 weeks while on study (2 times during each 4-week "study cycle").
    Other Names:
    • Avastin
    • Anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
    • rhuMAb-VEGF
  • Drug: Lapatinib
    Pills of 700 mg/m^2/dose given orally 2 times each day.
    Other Names:
    • Tykerb
    • GW572016
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Bevacizumab + Lapatinib
Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg given by vein over 90 minutes for first injection (30-60 minutes for subsequent doses) every 2 weeks while on study (2 times during each 4-week "study cycle"). Lapatinib Pills of 700 mg/m^2/dose given orally 2 times each day.
Interventions:
  • Drug: Bevacizumab
  • Drug: Lapatinib
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 30, 2015)
24
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2009)
40
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age: Patient must be < or = 21 years of age.
  2. Tumor: Patients must have recurrent or refractory intracranial ependymoma (including myxopapillary, clear cell, papillary, tanycytic, and anaplastic ependymoma) or subependymoma. Patients with primary diagnosis of intracranial ependymoma with spinal cord metastases or relapse are eligible. The diagnosis must be confirmed by the CERN enrolling site's pathologist on tissue from either the initial presentation or time of recurrence prior to registration. For central pathology review and trial biological studies, submission of a paraffin block with tumor measuring at least 1 cm x 1 cm in area is preferred, but 15 x 5micro m unstained sections on slides may be provided by the referring laboratory instead. Tissue must be submitted within 60 days after enrollment for central processing and analysis.
  3. Patients must have measureable disease which is defined as at least one measurable lesion that can be accurately measured in 2 planes. Diffuse leptomeningeal involvement ("sugar coating") that does not allow measurement of at least one lesion in 2 planes will not be considered measurable disease.
  4. Patients may have had any number of prior treatment regimens (including biologic) before or after radiotherapy. Patients may not have previously been treated with Bevacizumab or Lapatinib. Gliadel wafers must be approved by CERN PI (Project Leader, Co-Leader and Protocol PI).
  5. Neurological Deficits: Patients with neurological deficits should have deficits that are stable or improving for a minimum of 1 week prior to registration.
  6. Performance Score: Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS for > 16 years of age) or Lansky Performance Score (LPS for < or = 16 years of age) > or = 50 assessed within 2 weeks prior to registration.
  7. Evidence of recovery from any prior chemotherapy. No myelosuppressive anticancer chemotherapy or biological therapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks if a nitrosourea or mitomycin C agent) prior to registration.
  8. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: external beam radiation therapy (XRT): Patients must have had prior radiation therapy for treatment of their ependymoma. XRT must be > or = 3 months prior to registration for craniospinal irradiation (> or = 18 Gy); > or = 4 weeks for local radiation to primary tumor; and > or = 2 weeks prior to registration for focal irradiation to symptomatic metastatic sites.
  9. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Bone Marrow Transplant: > or = 3 months prior to registration for autologous bone marrow/stem cell transplant.
  10. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Anti-convulsants: Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if well controlled. Patients receiving enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants are not eligible for this study. Patients must be off EIACD for at least 2 weeks prior to registration.
  11. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Corticosteroids: Patients who are receiving corticosteroids must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 1 week prior to registration.
  12. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Growth Factors: Off all colony forming growth factor(s) > or = 2 weeks prior to registration (G-CSF, GM-CSF, Erythropoietin).
  13. Patients must not have received: cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors within seven (7) days prior to registration on protocol and for the duration of the study. However, amiodarone, another CYP3A4 inhibitor, should have been discontinued 6 months prior to registration and for the duration of the study.
  14. Patient must not have received: CYP3A4 inducers within fourteen (14) days prior to registration and for the duration of the study.
  15. Patient must not have received: Cimetidine within 48 hours prior and for the duration of the study.
  16. The following laboratory values must be assessed within 7 days prior to registration and must be repeated if initial labs were done greater than (>seven) (7) calendar days prior to the start of therapy. Organ Function: Must have adequate organ function and marrow function as defined by the following parameters: Bone Marrow: Absolute neutrophil count >or =1000microliter, Platelets > or = 100,000 microliter (transfusion independent), Hemoglobin >or =8.0 g/dL. Renal: Serum creatinine <or = 1.5 times upper limit of institutional for age or glomerular filtration rate (GFR)>or = 70ml/min/1.73m2 Hepatic: Total bilirubin < or = 1.5 times upper limit of normal for age: serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (ALT)<2.5x institutional upper limit of normal for age and albumin > or = 2g/dL. No overt renal, hepatic, cardiac or pulmonary disease.
  17. No overt renal, hepatic, cardiac or pulmonary disease.
  18. Adequate cardiac function, assessed within 2 weeks prior to registration, defined as: shortening fraction of > or = 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fracture (LVEF) > or = 50% by gated radionucleotide study.
  19. Adequate pulmonary function, assessed within 2 weeks prior to registration, defined as: no evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry > 94% if there is clinical indication for determination.
  20. Signed informed consent according to institutional guidelines must be obtained.
  21. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately and will be removed from the study.
  22. Patient must begin therapy within 7 calendar days of registration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients may not have previously been treated with Bevacizumab or Lapatinib.
  2. Patients with any significant medical illnesses that, in the investigator's opinion, cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate this therapy.
  3. Patients with any disease that would obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism.
  4. Patients receiving any other anticancer or experimental drug therapy.
  5. Patients with uncontrolled infection.
  6. Patients on enzyme inducing anticonvulsants.
  7. Patients with > / = Grade 2 uncontrolled hypertension.
  8. History of a stroke, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina in the previous 6 months.
  9. Evidence of a bleeding diathesis, coagulopathy or PT international normalized ratio (INR)>1.5.
  10. Patients who require the use of therapeutic anti-coagulation: except as required to maintain patency of preexisting permanent vascular catheter.
  11. Pre-existing coagulopathy or thrombosis: Patients must not have been previously diagnosed with a deep venous or arterial thrombosis (including pulmonary embolism), and must not have a known thrombophilic condition.
  12. Patients must have recovered from any surgical procedure before enrolling on this study.
  13. History of an abdominal fistula, GI perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within previous 6 months.
  14. A serious, non healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  15. Evidence of a new intracranial or intratumoral hemorrhage that is larger than a punctuate size on baseline MRI obtained within 14 days prior to study registration.
  16. If there is proteinuria present on dipstick, patients must have a 24 hour urine collection. Patients are excluded if they have >500 mg protein on 24 hour urine collection.
  17. Pregnancy: Females of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to study entry. The effects of lapatinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. However, bevacizumab is known to be teratogenic and detrimental to fetal development and endometrial proliferation, thereby having a negative effect on fertility.
  18. Breastfeeding: Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lapatinib of bevacizumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated on this study.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00883688
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CERN08-01
NCI-2012-02129 ( Registry Identifier: NCI CTRP )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Collaborators  ICMJE CERN Foundation - Collaborative Ependymoma Research Network
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Rytting, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
PRS Account M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Verification Date November 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP