Pilot Study of Betaine + Combination Antiviral Therapy for Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Non-responder/Relapsers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00882193
Recruitment Status : Terminated (new medications with improved response released, nonaccrual)
First Posted : April 16, 2009
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2011
Information provided by:
University of Nebraska

April 15, 2009
April 16, 2009
August 9, 2011
May 2009
May 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
To examine the safety and efficacy of betaine when combined with standard antiviral therapy in previously teated subjects with chronic hepatitis c genotype 1 [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00882193 on Archive Site
The effect on interferon gene signaling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the first 12 weeks of treatment and 6 months following the end of therapy. [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ]
Same as current
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Not Provided
Pilot Study of Betaine + Combination Antiviral Therapy for Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Non-responder/Relapsers
Pilot Therapy Using Betaine in Combination With Peginterferon Alpha-2a Plus Ribavirin in Subjects With Genotype 1 Hepatitis C Who Have Not Achieved a Sustained Viral Response With a Prior Course of Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin
This is a non-randomized, open-label study examining the safety and efficacy of betaine in addition to standard anti-viral therapy in genotype 1 hepatitis C non-responders or relapsers to previous pegylated interferon plus ribavirin. Betaine (20 gm/day) in 2 divided doses will be added to Peginterferon alpha 2a (180 mcg) plus weight-based Ribavirin (1000 or 1200 mg/day, for body weight < or > 75 kg, respectively, for 48 weeks. Patients must be diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C, genotype I, and have undergone therapy for hepatitis C with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin. Subjects will be followed for safety, tolerability, hepatitis C viral response and the effect on interferon gene signaling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells during therapy.

The primary objective is to examine the safety and efficacy of the betaine when combined with standard anti-viral therapy in previously treated adult subjects with chronic hepatitis C infected with genotype 1. The efficacy will be determined through comparison of the sustained viral response (SVR) to our protocol three-drug regimen (Betaine, Peginterferon plus Ribavirin) to that historically seen in relapsers and non-responders when retreated with standard therapy (Peginterferon and Ribavirin alone).

Secondary objectives include: (1) the comparison of the occurrence of rapid and early virologic response in the first 4 (Rapid Virologic Response, RVR) and 12 (Early Virologic Response, EVR) weeks of therapy, respectively, between the study regimen and historically treated patients. (2) the comparison of ALT normalization between the two groups. and (3) the effect on interferon gene signaling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) between the two groups in the first 12 weeks of therapy and 6 months following the end of therapy..

Early Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Chronic Hepatitis C
  • Genotype 1
  • Relapse
  • Drug: Betaine
    Betaine 20 gm/day in 2 divided doses for 48 weeks
  • Drug: Peginterferon alpha 2a
    Peginterferon alpha 2a 180mcg/0.5ml by subcutaneous injection weekly for 48 weeks
    Other Name: Pegasys
  • Drug: Ribavirin
    Ribavirin 200mg - weight based, 1000 - 1200 mg/day for body weight < or > 75mg in 2 divided doses
    Other Name: Copegus
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
May 2011
May 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must be willing to give informed consent and be able to adhere to dose and visit schedules.
  • History of chronic hepatitis C, genotype 1, non-responders or relapsers as documented by genotype testing and HCV RNA levels at 12 weeks ( < 2 log change) during therapy or at 3 - 12 months post therapy, respectively.
  • Adult subjects 18-70 years of age, of either gender
  • Liver biopsy within 3 years prior to the screening 1 visit with a pathology report confirming that the histological diagnosis is consistent with chronic hepatitis C.
  • Compensated liver disease with the following maximum hematologic, biochemical and serologic criteria at the Screening visit (WNL=within normal limits) Hemoglobin > 12 g/dl for females and >13 g/dl for males, WBC > 3000/mm3, Platelets > 80,000/mm3, Direct Bilirubin - WNL. Indirect bilirubin - WNL, Albumin - WNL, Serum Creatinine - WNL.
  • Fasting glucose should be 70 -140 mg/dl, results between 116-140 require a HbA1c < 8.5%
  • TSH - WNL
  • Subjects with a history of mild depression may be considered for entry in to this study provided that a pretreatment assessment of the subject's affective status supports that the subject is clinically stable.
  • Subjects with a history of substance abuse must have abstained from using the substance for at least one year prior to the Screening visit.
  • Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) < 1:320
  • No radiologic evidence of a focal mass suggestive of hepatoma and/or ascites.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing subjects. Subjects who intend to become pregnant during the study period. Subjects with partners who intend to become pregnant during the study period.
  • Prior response to therapy and failure to achieve SVR which may have been due to treatment non-compliance, in the assessment of the investigator based upon subject's medical history.
  • Participation in any clinical trial of a HCV protease inhibitor of any duration. Subjects may have received other investigational agents for the treatment of HCV, as long as they have also received an adequate course of Peg-IFN/RBV [i.e., the investigational agent could not have replaced either Peg-IFN (such as Albuferon) or RBV (viramidine)].
  • History of new hepatitis C exposure within the last 6 months
  • Current or intended use of G-CSF and/or GM-CSF during the stud period is prohibited. Current use of erythropoietin (EPO) is prohibited.
  • Suspected hypersensitivity to any interferon product or ribavirin
  • Participation in any other clinical trial within 30 days of Screening visit 1
  • Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days of Screening visit 1.
  • Any other cause for liver disease other than CHC, including but not limited to: hemachromatosis, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, Wilson's disease, Autoimmune hepatitis, Alcoholic liver disease, Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), Drug-related liver disease
  • Known coagulopathies including hemophilia
  • Known hemoglobinopathies
  • Known G6PD deficiency
  • Known coinfection with HIV and/or HBV
  • Evidence of active or suspected malignancy or a history of malignancy within the last five years (with the exception of adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin).
  • Evidence of decompensated liver disease such as history or presence of ascites, bleeding varices or hepatic encephalopathy
  • Subjects with organ transplants other than cornea or hair transplant
  • Any Known preexisting medical condition, that could interfere with the subject's participation in and completion of the study including, but not limited to moderate to severe depression, or a history of severe psychiatric disorder, such as psychosis, suicidal ideation and/or suicidal attempt; Subjects with a past history or current use of lithium and/or antipsychotic drugs; CNS trauma or seizure disorder; Clinically significant ECG abnormalities and/or significant cardiovascular dysfunction within the past 2 years prior to Screening ; Poorly controlled diabetes mellitis; Chronic pulmonary disease (COPD); Immunologically mediated disease such as inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, scleroderma, severe psoriasis or symptomatic thyroid disorder; Any medical condition requiring, or likely to require during the course of the study, chronic systemic administration of steroids: History of, or active clinical gout.
  • Substance abuse, such as alcohol (>80 g/day), IV drugs and inhaled drugs. Subjects with a history of substance abuse must have abstained from the abuse substance for at least one year. Subjects with clinically significant retinal abnormalities
  • Any other condition which in the opinion of the investigator would make the subject unsuitable for enrollment, or could interfere with the subject participating in and completing the protocol
  • Subjects who are part of the staff personnel directly involved with the study
  • Subjects who are immediate family members of the investigational study staff
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Mark E. Mailliard, M.D., University of Nebraska Medical Center, Department of Gastroenterology/Hepatology
University of Nebraska
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Mark E Mailliard, MD University of Nebraska
University of Nebraska
August 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP