Maraviroc Immune Recovery Study (MIRS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00875368
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 3, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2013
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Erasmus Medical Center
Leiden University Medical Center
Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis
Slotervaart Hospital
Rijnstate Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
S.F.L. van Lelyveld, UMC Utrecht

April 2, 2009
April 3, 2009
September 10, 2013
February 2009
December 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
30% increase in CD4+ cell count after 48 weeks [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
30% increase in CD4+ cell count after 48 weeks [ Time Frame: 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 36 and 48 weeks ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00875368 on Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Maraviroc Immune Recovery Study
Maraviroc Immune Recovery Study, A Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Exploratory Mechanistic Study Into the Role of Maraviroc on Immune Recovery

Rationale: Improving cellular immunity by means of increasing CD4 cells is one of the goals of antiretroviral therapy in HIV, which is achieved by means of virological suppression. A certain group of patients, the so called "immunologic non responders", fail to reach an acceptable CD4 cell increase despite an adequate virologic response on antiretroviral treatment. Recently a new antiretroviral agent, maraviroc (Celsentry®), is registered for the treatment of patients infected with CCR5 tropic HIV-1 virus. However, data is available suggesting that treatment with maraviroc leads to immune recovery (increase in CD4 cells) in patients who are infected with dual/mixed tropic HIV-1 virus, in the absence of a virologic response. This suggests an alternative mechanism for immune recovery, which could be especially beneficial for this group of patients.

Hypothesis: Maraviroc, by a yet unknown mechanism, stimulates immune recovery by increasing CD4+ cell count.

Objective: The primary objective is to confirm the hypothesis that maraviroc stimulates immune recovery; the secondary objective is to explore, by virologic and immunologic investigations, the underlying mechanisms of this hypothesis.

Study design: multicentre, randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, exploratory mechanistic study.

Study population: HIV-1 infected patients 18 years or older, who meet the inclusion criteria.

Intervention: One group receives maraviroc (dose dependent on co-medication), the other group placebo.

Main study parameters/endpoints: A 30% increase in CD4 cell rise in the treatment group (compared with placebo).

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness:

  1. In the treatment group subjects will start with a registered antiretroviral agent (maraviroc).
  2. During the treatment year patients will perform several study visits, probably three more compared with regular visits on the outpatient clinic.
  3. Each visit, blood will be drawn by venepuncture for immunologic and virologic investigations (see flow chart).
Not Provided
Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: maraviroc
    maraviroc dose dependent on co-medication
    Other Names:
    • Celsentri
    • Celsentry
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo drug
  • Active Comparator: Maraviroc
    Intervention: Drug: maraviroc
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Placebo drug
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
van Lelyveld SF, Drylewicz J, Krikke M, Veel EM, Otto SA, Richter C, Soetekouw R, Prins JM, Brinkman K, Mulder JW, Kroon F, Middel A, Symons J, Wensing AM, Nijhuis M, Borghans JA, Tesselaar K, Hoepelman AI; MIRS study group. Maraviroc Intensification of cART in Patients with Suboptimal Immunological Recovery: A 48-Week, Placebo-Controlled Randomized Trial. PLoS One. 2015 Jul 24;10(7):e0132430. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132430. eCollection 2015.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
August 2012
December 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 years or older
  • HAART with a maximal treatment interruption of two weeks
  • viral suppression (< 50 copies/ml) for 6 months
  • And either:

    • CD4+ count < 200 cells/microliter after minimal one year of treatment with HAART (study group one) OR
    • a CD4+ cell count between 200 and 350 cells/microliter after minimal two years of treatment with HAART (study group two)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • HAART consisting of a combination of tenofovir and didanosine
  • Active infection for which antimicrobial treatment
  • Acute hepatitis B or C
  • Chronic hepatitis B or C for which treatment with (peg)interferon and/or ribavirin (Note: patients with untreated chronic hepatitis B or C can be included)
  • Immunosuppressive medication
  • Radiotherapy or chemotherapy in the past 2 years
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding an infant
  • Subjects with known hypersensitivity to maraviroc or to peanuts, or any of its excipients or dyes as follows:

    • Excipients from tablet: microcrystalline cellulose, dibasic calcium phosphate (anhydrous), sodium starch glycolate, magnesium stearate.
    • Film-coat: [Opadry II Blue (85G20583) contains FD&C blue #2 aluminium lake, soya lecithin, polyethylene glycol (macrogol 3350), polyvinyl alcohol, talc and titanium dioxide.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
S.F.L. van Lelyveld, UMC Utrecht
S.F.L. van Lelyveld
  • Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
  • Erasmus Medical Center
  • Leiden University Medical Center
  • Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis
  • Slotervaart Hospital
  • Rijnstate Hospital
  • Pfizer
Principal Investigator: Andy IM Hoepelman, MD, PhD UMC Utrecht
UMC Utrecht
September 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP