Prevention of Lipoatrophy in Patients Treated With Lopinavir/Ritonavir in Monotherapy Versus ZDV + 3TC + ABC (KALIPO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00865475
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 19, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 12, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

March 18, 2009
March 19, 2009
September 12, 2013
December 2008
March 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Limb Fat changes measured by DEXA [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00865475 on Archive Site
  • 20 % loss peripheral fat measured by DEXA [ Time Frame: 96 weeks ]
  • Perception of change on body fat by physician and patient. [ Time Frame: 96 weeks ]
  • Lipohypertrophy [ Time Frame: 96 weeks ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Prevention of Lipoatrophy in Patients Treated With Lopinavir/Ritonavir in Monotherapy Versus ZDV + 3TC + ABC
A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial of ZDV + 3TC + ABC (Trizivir) vs Monotherapy With Lopinavir/R (Kaletra) in Patients With Viral Suppression on Previous Treatment With ZDV + 3TC + ABC (Trizivir) for Preventing Lipoatrophy
The aim of this study is to measure the prevention of lipoatrophy in patients treated with Lopinavir/R in monotherapy versus ZDV + 3TC + ABC

In recent years mayor progress has been made in therapeutic approaches with the introduction of HAART, which has meant a huge fall in morbidity-mortality in Western countries.

However, despite having a variety of potent HAART combinations, some patients do not obtain adequate suppression. The causes of virological failure are complex, and one of the most significant factors is the incomplete compliance with the prescribed dosage of highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The development of fixed dose combination products is most commonly used to help simplify the dosages and improve treatment compliance.

One of the main problems associated with the treatment of HIV infection is the change in body structure, generally grouped under the term of lipodystrophy. These usually include fat accumulation in the stomach, or abdominal girth, and, even worse, atrophy in the face, arms, and legs. It is usually associated with metabolic disorders, with increased levels of triglycerides, cholesterol and/or insulin resistance.

The incidence of lipodystrophy increases progressively over time in patients starting treatment with antiretroviral agents. It is estimated that, after 2 years of treatment, 20%-30% of patients experience moderate or severe lipodystrophy.

Trizivir® is a combination of three antiretroviral agents: Abacavir, Lamivudine and Zidovudine in a tablet. All of them belong to the group of nucleoside/nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs.

The main advantage of Trizivir is the possibility of simplifying antiretroviral treatment. Multiple studies have been performed showing that simplification of HAART with Trizivir enhances compliance and improves quality of life in patients maintaining the efficacy of previous antiretroviral treatments.

Kaletra® (lopinavir+ritonavir) is a combination of two protease inhibitors: lopinavir plus a low dose of ritonavir, enhancing the action of the former.

Previous studies have shown that most patients treated with Kaletra monotherapy have an undetectable viral load after 48 weeks. Monotherapy failures were not associated with the development of primary resistance mutations.

To date the development of lipoatrophy appears to occur more frequently in patients with a NRTI- containing regimen. The combination of abacavir, zidovudine and lamivudine has been investigated in patients naive to antiretroviral treatments and in patients already treated with NRTIs.

In this setting, we designed this clinical trial to establish the potential benefit of Kaletra in monotherapy for the prevention of lipoatrophy. For this purpose, we will compare keeping on treatment with TZV in patients with viral suppression vs switching to Kaletra in monotherapy in order to prevent fat changes.

Since the purpose of the study is to establish the ability of Kaletra to prevent the development of and exclude patients with acute intolerance to Kaletra, the patients assigned to the experimental group will be treated for 4 weeks with Trizivir and Kaletra before switching to Kaletra monotherapy.

Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV Infection
  • HIV Infections
  • Drug: AZT+3TC+ABV (Trizivir)
    Patients on treatment with TZV and viral suppression will be randomized to keep on TZV vs switching to LPV/r monotherapy
    Other Name: LPV/r (Kaletra)
  • Drug: Switching to LPV/r monotherapy (Kaletra)
    Patients on AZT+3TC+ABV with viral suppression will be randomized to keep on vs switching to LPV/r
    Other Name: Kaletra
  • No Intervention: TZV (Trizivir)
    Keeping on TZV in patients with viral suppression
  • Experimental: 2
    Switching to LPV/r monotherapy
    • Drug: AZT+3TC+ABV (Trizivir)
    • Drug: Switching to LPV/r monotherapy (Kaletra)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
March 2013
March 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients infected with HIV 1 documented by positive HIV 1 antibody test and/or positive PCR test confirmed for HIV 1 RNA.
  • Patients on treatment with Trizivir with an undetectable viral burden defined as < 50 copies/ml in the past 6 months.
  • Men or women aged ≥ 18 years.
  • CD4 cell count ≥ 200 cells/μl.
  • For women of child bearing age, a negative urine pregnancy test at the screening visit.
  • Patients giving their written informed consent before completing any study specific screening procedure.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with previously failed therapy with protease inhibitors (PI) or those receiving sub optimum therapy with nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) for the study disease.
  • Presence of lipoatrophy defined by the investigator (any grade) or by the patient (in this case, at least two sites of mild degree or one of at least moderate degree).
  • Known history of drug addiction or chronic use of alcohol that, in the investigator's opinion, contraindicates participation in the study.
  • Pregnant or nursing women or women of child bearing age not using an adequate contraceptive method according to the investigator's criterion.
  • Current active opportunistic infection or documented infection in the 4 weeks prior to screening.
  • Renal disease with creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min.
  • Concomitant use of nephrotoxic or immunosuppressive agents.
  • Patient currently treated with systemic corticosteroids, interleukine 2, or chemotherapy.
  • Patients treated with other investigational agents.
  • Patients with acute hepatitis.
  • Any disease that, at the criterion in the investigator, contraindicates the patient's participation in the study.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
2008-003438-12 ( EudraCT Number )
6108 ( Other Identifier: GESIDA )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Study Chair: Jose Antonio Iribarren Hospital de Donostia
September 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP