We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Amitiza in Constipation Associated With PD (Parkinson's Disease) (AMITIZA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00908076
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 25, 2009
Results First Posted : August 26, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 26, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

May 21, 2009
May 25, 2009
February 12, 2016
August 26, 2016
August 26, 2016
February 2009
October 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change From Baseline to End of Study [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study ]
Global impression of change, stool diary, visual analog scale of improvement, UPDRS rating scale and constipation questionnaires. The primary efficacy data will be analyzed using Student's t-test with unequal variances as the difference from baseline in SBM comparing cases and controls, using last observation carried forward for missing data in the intent-to-treat population.
The primary efficacy data will be analyzed using Student's t-test with unequal variances as the difference from baseline in SBM comparing cases and controls, using last observation carried forward for missing data in the intent-to-treat population. [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00908076 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Amitiza in Constipation Associated With PD (Parkinson's Disease)
Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of Lubiprostone in the Treatment of Constipation Associated With Parkinson's Disease
The purpose of this study is to determine if Amitiza (lubiprostone), a drug proven to be safe and effective for chronic constipation, will also improve constipation symptoms in Parkinson's Disease patients. We will also evaluate the impact of the drug on changes in bowel movement consistency, quality of life and motor symptoms.

Parkinson's disease (PD) affects about one million people in the United States. It is a common neurological condition that is clinically defined by rigidity (muscle stiffness), bradykinesia (slowness of movement) and tremor. Parkinson's Disease , however, reveals numerous non-motor symptoms that have been underemphasized. Problematic symptoms include varying degrees of dementia, psychosis, diminished assertiveness and confidence, general fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, problems with blood pressure, sweating, and bladder, and a common yet difficult to define sense of "not feeling well".

A commonly missed symptom in Parkinson's patients is constipation. Constipation can be difficult to treat with current medications available and many are ineffective. Levodopa and dopamine agonists drugs are useful for motor symptoms in Parkinson's Disease but have no effect on constipation. Laxatives and enemas provide limited relief with bothersome side effects. Even fewer drugs have been studied targeting the constipation problem specifically in the Parkinson's Disease population. Lubiprostone (AMITIZA) is a new medication that has been studied in the general population for the treatment of chronic constipation. It has been shown to be a safe and effective medication with few side effects. Lubiprostone has not yet been studied in the Parkinson's Disease population. We hope to show that this medication can be safe and effective for constipation in PD patients as well.

Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Parkinson's Disease
Subjects will be randomized into placebo and study groups. Half of the study group (N=39) will be given lubiprostone (24 mcg) twice daily; the other half will receive matching placebo twice daily.
  • Active Comparator: amitiza
    Intervention: Drug: LUBIPROSTONE
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Matching Placebo
    Intervention: Drug: LUBIPROSTONE
Ondo WG, Kenney C, Sullivan K, Davidson A, Hunter C, Jahan I, McCombs A, Miller A, Zesiewicz TA. Placebo-controlled trial of lubiprostone for constipation associated with Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2012 May 22;78(21):1650-4. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182574f28. Epub 2012 May 9.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
October 2010
October 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Subjects must be diagnosed with PD according to conventional criteria.
  • 2. Subjects must report having constipation and fulfill Rome III criteria19 for chronic constipation: at least 3 months, in the last 6 months with two or more of the following: i. Less than 3 SBM's per week ii. Straining with defecation more than 25% of the time iii. Lumpy or hard stools with defecation more than 25% of the time iv. Sensation of incomplete evacuation with defecation more than 25% of the time v. Sensation of anorectal obstruction or blockage with defecation more than 25% of the time vi. Use of manual maneuvers to facilitate defecation more than 25% of the time
  • 3. Patients will be encouraged to use only lubiprostone for constipation. If they use any other agents they will need to record this use in their diary; any BM that occurs within 24 hours of the other agent used will be recorded, but not be counted as a SBM.
  • 4. Patients or patients' caretaker(s)/ legal guardian must be able to read, understand, and accurately record data into the diary to guarantee full participation in the study.
  • 5. Patients over the age of 50 must have had a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy within 5 years.
  • 6. Patients or patient's caretaker(s)/legal guardian must be willing and able to provide informed consent before beginning the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of structural abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract or diseases/conditions that affect bowel transit including gastric, small bowel or colonic resection (appendectomy, cholecystectomy, benign polypectomy are allowed); history of colon cancer, history of inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis); insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, history of Hirschsprung's disease, progressive systemic sclerosis (scleroderma), anorexia nervosa; other diseases or conditions that in the opinion of the investigator significantly affect bowel transit. Subjects with constipation secondary to any other documented cause.
  • Planned use of drugs or agents during pretreatment phase onward that affect gastrointestinal motility and/ or prescription including laxatives including stool softeners (patients experiencing significant constipation may use a laxative as rescue medication if needed); antidiarrheals (in case of significant diarrhea loperamide may be used if needed); antacids containing magnesium or aluminum salts (only calcium containing ones are allowed); anticholinergics, antispasmodic agents (e.g., Librax, Donnatal, dicyclomine); erythromycin and other macrolides; octreotide; ondansetron or other 5-HT3 antagonists; opioids/narcotic analgesics; prokinetics (metoclopramide); serotonin re-uptake inhibitors or tricyclic antidepressants (allowed if constant doses for at least 1 month before treatment); calcium antagonists (allowed if constant doses for at least 1 month before treatment).
  • Subjects with any significant cardiovascular, liver, lung, renal, psychiatric or neurological diseases (not including PD).
  • Patients with previous allergic reaction or lack of tolerability to lubiprostone.
  • Current or recent history (within 12 months) of drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding.
  • Fertile women (defined as those who are not surgically sterile, are not >1 year post-menopausal or who are not currently using or complying with a medically approved method of contraception). Lubiprostone has not been studied in pregnant women and should only be used during a pregnancy if the potential benefits justify the potential risk to the fetus. Women should have a negative pregnancy test before beginning treatment with lubiprostone and need to practice effective contraceptive measures
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Christine Hunter, Baylor College of Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
University of South Florida
Principal Investigator: William G Ondo, MD Baylor College of Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
July 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP