Reduced Carbohydrate vs. Fat
|First Submitted Date||February 14, 2009|
|First Posted Date||February 18, 2009|
|Last Update Posted Date||October 19, 2017|
|Start Date||February 13, 2009|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00846040 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Reduced Carbohydrate vs. Fat|
|Official Title||Selective Reduction of Dietary Carbohydrate Versus Fat: Effects on Metabolism, Endocrine Physiology, Brain Activity and Reward Circuitry|
- Popular weight loss strategies often involve reducing an individual's consumption of carbohydrates or fat. However, no controlled study has been carried out to evaluate the effects of reducing carbohydrate versus fat consumption while keeping the other nutrients at standard levels to maintain an individual's weight. Researchers are interested in investigating how different restrictions of carbohydrates or fats affect the many processes involved in weight loss, including brain activity and blood and brain chemical composition.
- To determine the comparative effects of two controlled fat- or carbohydrate-restricted diets and an outpatient weight loss program on blood and brain chemical composition, weight loss (fat and lean body mass), and regional brain activity in lean and obese individuals.
- Healthy individuals between 18 and 45 years of age who are either lean (body mass index between 18.5 kg/m(2) and 25 kg/m(2)) or obese (body mass index above 30.0 kg/m(2), weight less than 350 pounds) and are right-handed.
Popular weight loss strategies often prescribe a targeted reduction of dietary carbohydrate or fat. But surprisingly, no controlled human feeding study has ever investigated the effects of a selective reduction of dietary carbohydrate versus fat while keeping the other dietary macronutrients at their baseline weight-maintenance values. The present study was designed to address this knowledge gap and improve our understanding of how selective reduction of dietary fat versus carbohydrate may differentially impact the many feedback control processes that act to resist weight loss.
After several days of eating a weight-maintenance diet, 20 obese adult volunteers (BMI above 30 kg/m2) will be admitted to the metabolic clinical research unit (MCRU) and, after 5 additional days of the baseline diet, their diets will be modified to result in either 85% reduction of the baseline dietary fat or a 60% reduction of the baseline dietary carbohydrate for the next 6 days. These diet modifications produce an equivalent caloric reduction. The primary outcome measurements will be changes of metabolism, brain reward circuitry and regional brain activity in response to food stimuli measured during the baseline and reduced calorie diet phases. Immediately following each controlled diet, we will measure 3 days of ad-libitum food intake using a computerized vending machine system. The subjects will return to the MCRU after a 2-10 week washout period to receive the opposite reduced calorie diet. Twenty control subjects with normal body weight (BMI between 18.5 - 25 kg/m2) will have measurements of brain reward circuitry and regional brain activity in response to food stimuli while on a balanced, weight-maintenance diet.
Immediately following the second in-patient visit, all of the obese subjects will be assigned to a 12 week out-patient weight loss program with the goal of achieving at least 5% weight loss. We will investigate the relationship between short-term fat imbalances measured during the in-patient phases, and the body weight and fat changes during the weight loss program. We will evaluate the effects of weight loss on metabolism, brain reward circuitry, and regional brain activity in response to food stimuli. Finally, if the subjects are available for long-term follow-up, then we will investigate their metabolic phenotype, brain reward circuitry, and regional brain activity in response to food stimuli yearly over the subsequent 5 years following the weight loss intervention. This study will result in an improved understanding of the physiological mechanisms that sense and respond to negative energy balance acutely, after several weeks, and after several years, and may eventually lead to increased long-term success of obesity treatment.
|Study Design||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Ages||18 Years to 45 Years (Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||090081
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||February 6, 2017|