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Cetuximab and/or Dasatinib in Patients With Colorectal Cancer and Liver Metastases That Can Be Removed by Surgery

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00835679
First Posted: February 4, 2009
Last Update Posted: May 23, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
February 3, 2009
February 4, 2009
March 12, 2012
September 7, 2012
May 23, 2014
December 2009
February 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patients With a Biologic Response [ Time Frame: on baseline and preoperatively on day of surgery (day 15) ]
Patients who experienced a pre-to-post treatment reduction of at least 1 scoring level from baseline on preoperative-day 15 in at least 1 biomarker of the pathway being inhibited: epidermal growth factor (EGFR) for Cohort B, sarcoma (Src) for Cohort C, and both EGFR and Src for Cohort D. Blood for these biomarkers will be taken on day of baseline and pre-operatively on day 15. Determined by 0-4-scale scoring with score determined by percentage of tumor cells positively stained for pathway in question: minimum 0 (0%), 1 (1-24%), 2 (25-49%), 3 (50-74%), and maximum 4 (75-100%).
  • Biological changes in the tumor as measured by the proportion of patients with a biologic response, defined as a pre-to-post treatment reduction in at least 1 biomarker of the pathway inhibited (e.g., EGFR and/or Src)
  • Biomarker analysis of tumor tissue, serum, and peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples for total and φEGFR (Tyr845 and Tyr1068), φMAPK, φAkt, Ki67, φFAK (Tyr861), φpaxillin (Tyr118), φSrc (Tyr419), TGFα, amphiregulin, and epiregulin
  • Frequency, severity, and duration of adverse events during study drug administration
  • Frequency, severity, and duration of post-operative complications occurring within 30 days of surgery
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00835679 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Patients With Reduction of Biomarkers in Tumor Tissue [ Time Frame: study entry to day 15 ]
    Patients with pre-to-post treatment reduction at least 1 scoring level from baseline on preoperative-day 15 in at least 1 biomarker: total & phi-EGFR, phi-MAPK, phi-Akt, Ki67, phi-FAK, phi-paxillin, phi-Src, capase 3. Determined by 0-4-scale scoring with score determined by percentage of tumor cells positively stained for biomarker in question: minimum 0 (0%), 1 (1-24%), 2 (25-49%), 3 (50-74%), and maximum 4 (75-100%)
  • Number of Patients With the Given Severity of Adverse Event Within a Specified Duration [ Time Frame: weekly to day 15, and at followup on day 30 ]
    Number of patients with each grade of adverse event (AE) during the specified timeframe using the Common Terminology Criteria for AEs guide, grades 1-5 with one being mild, five is death.
  • Number of Patients With the Given Severity of Post-operative Complications Within the Specified Duration [ Time Frame: From day 15 (day of surgery) to 30 days after surgery ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Cetuximab and/or Dasatinib in Patients With Colorectal Cancer and Liver Metastases That Can Be Removed by Surgery
A Preoperative Biological Trial of Cetuximab, Dasatinib or the Combination in Colorectal Cancer Patients With Resectable Liver Metastases
This phase 0 trial is studying whether 2 weeks of cetuximab and dasatinib will change tumor cells in patients with colorectal cancer and liver metastases that can be removed by surgery. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Dasatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the biological effects of cetuximab, dasatinib, or the combination on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)- and Src-signaling pathways in resected colorectal cancer liver metastases.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are initially enrolled in cohort A. Once cohort A is completed, additional patients are enrolled and randomized to treatment in either cohorts B or C. If a significant biological effect is seen in cohorts B or C, additional patients are enrolled in cohort D.

COHORT A: Patients receive no systemic neoadjuvant therapy between enrollment and the time of definitive surgical resection of liver metastases. Liver biopsies were performed at surgery since this cohort received no systemic therapy.

COHORT B: Patients receive 400 mg/m2 cetuximab intravenously (IV) over 120 minutes on day 1 and 250 mg/m^2 cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes on day 8. Definitive surgical resection of liver metastases will take place on day 15.

COHORT C: Patients receive dasatinib 100 mg orally once daily on days 1-14. Definitive surgical resection of liver metastases will take place on day 15.

COHORT D: Patients receive 400 mg/m^2 cetuximab IV over 120 minutes on day 1 and 250 mg/m^2 cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes on day 8 AND dasatinib 100 mg orally once daily on days 1-14. Definitive surgical resection of liver metastases will take place on day 15.

Patients undergo tumor tissue (from initial liver tumor biopsies and liver resection samples), serum, and peripheral blood mononuclear cell sample collection periodically for biomarker analysis via immunohistochemistry (IHC).

Interventional
Early Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
  • Liver Metastases
  • Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
  • Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum
  • Recurrent Colon Cancer
  • Recurrent Rectal Cancer
  • Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
  • Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum
  • Stage IV Colon Cancer
  • Stage IV Rectal Cancer
  • Biological: cetuximab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • C225
    • C225 monoclonal antibody
    • IMC-C225
    • MOAB C225
    • monoclonal antibody C225
  • Drug: dasatinib
    Given orally
    Other Names:
    • BMS-354825
    • Sprycel
  • Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
    Undergo surgery
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Experimental: Cohort A (no systemic neoadjuvant therapy)
    Patients receive no systemic neoadjuvant therapy between enrollment and the time of definitive surgical resection of liver metastases. Liver biopsies were performed at surgery since this cohort received no systemic therapy.
    Interventions:
    • Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Experimental: Cohort B (cetuximab)
    Patients receive 400 mg/m^2 cetuximab IV over 120 minutes on day 1 and 250 mg/m^2 cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes on day 8. Definitive surgical resection of liver metastases will take place on day 15.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: cetuximab
    • Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Experimental: Cohort C (dasatinib)
    Patients receive dasatinib 100 mg orally once daily on days 1-14. Definitive surgical resection of liver metastases will take place on day 15.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: dasatinib
    • Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Experimental: Cohort D (cetuximab, dasatinib)
    Patients receive 400 mg/m^2 cetuximab IV over 120 minutes on day 1 and 250 mg/m^2 cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes on day 8 AND dasatinib 100 mg orally once daily on days 1-14. Definitive surgical resection of liver metastases will take place on day 15.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: cetuximab
    • Drug: dasatinib
    • Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
9
August 2011
February 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma arising from the large intestine that has metastasized to the liver; liver metastases may be synchronous or metachronous
  • The liver metastases must be considered surgically resectable prior to the initiation of study drugs
  • Prior chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for colorectal cancer is allowed provided that toxicities from prior therapy have resolved to Grade 1 or less; no prior anti-EGFR or anti-Src therapy is allowed
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 Gm/dL
  • Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine transaminase (ALT)(serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 institutional ULN
  • Women must have a negative pregnancy test; women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Although KRAS status will be evaluated in the tumor, wild type KRAS status is not an eligibility criterion

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients receiving any other investigational agents
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cetuximab or dasatinib
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because of the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with cetuximab or dasatinib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with cetuximab or dasatinib
  • Patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy; therefore, HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with cetuximab or dasatinib; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  • Patients on potent CYP3A4 inducers and inhibitors
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00835679
NCI-2013-00014
NCI-2013-00014 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
VU-VICC-GI-0838
8069
P30CA068485 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
081338
VICC GI 0838 ( Other Identifier: Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center )
8069 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Emily Chan Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
January 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP