Beta-blockade Effects on Memory for Cocaine Craving

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00830362
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2009
Results First Posted : November 30, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 30, 2012
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical University of South Carolina

January 26, 2009
January 27, 2009
August 24, 2012
November 30, 2012
November 30, 2012
February 2009
July 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Single Item Craving Test Session Difference Scores [ Time Frame: Both days of cue exposure ]
Mean of the difference of Session 1 and Session 2 cocaine craving scores (Session 2-Session 1). Found by using our Single Item Craving (SIC) scale. A study team member asks the participant to verbally report the level of craving they were experiencing using values between 0 and 100, with 0 representing no craving and 100 extreme craving. The difference score was found by subtracting session 1 mean SICs during cue exposure from session 2 mean SICs during cue exposure. Therefore the mean of the difference could have ranged anywhere from -100 to 100. Negative mean difference scores reflect a decrease in craving for cocaine from session 1 (test) to session 2 (retrieval). The lower the mean difference score, the greater the decrease in craving.
drug craving and physiological arousal (heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure) during cue exposure session [ Time Frame: during initial cue exposure session (same day as drug administration) ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00830362 on Archive Site
Not Provided
drug craving and physiologic arousal (heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure) during cue exposure session [ Time Frame: at one-week follow-up assessment (one week after drug administration) ]
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Beta-blockade Effects on Memory for Cocaine Craving
Treatment Implications of Beta-blockade Effects on Memory for Cocaine Craving
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of propranolol versus placebo on responses to cocaine cues in cocaine dependent individuals.
This study will employ cocaine-dependent individuals to investigate the acute effects of propranolol vs. placebo, administered immediately after a retrieval session of cocaine cue exposure, on the subjective and physiological responses occurring during a subsequent test session of cocaine cue exposure. Participants (N=52) will be randomly assigned to receive 40 mg propranolol or placebo immediately after the first of two cocaine cue exposure sessions scheduled to occur on consecutive days of an inpatient stay at MUSC's General Clinical Research Center (GCRC). The first session will serve as a retrieval session where cocaine cue exposure will putatively elicit retrieval and reconsolidation of memories about the association between the cues and cocaine administration; the second session of cocaine cue exposure will be a test session to examine the potential modulatory role of propranolol on the reconsolidated memories putatively elicited during the previous cue exposure session. It is assumed that changes in craving and physiological reactivity during the test session will reflect propranolol's effects on memory reconsolidation processes elicited by cue exposure during the retrieval session. Medications will be administered in a double-blind fashion. Craving and physiological arousal (heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure) will be obtained at baseline and at regular intervals during and after both cue exposure sessions. Approximately 7 days following discharge from the inpatient stay at the GCRC, participants will return to the GCRC to undergo a 1-week follow-up cue exposure session that will be identical to the previous two sessions (no medications will be administered). The goal of the follow-up will be to examine if any craving and/or physiological reactivity differences identified during the test session were sustained and to assess if the groups differed in their cocaine use during the intervening 7-day period.
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cocaine Dependence
  • Drug: Propranolol
    40 mg administered once
  • Drug: Placebo
    administered once
  • Active Comparator: Propranolol 40mg
    Intervention: Drug: Propranolol
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2011
July 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current cocaine dependence (within past month)
  • Able to provide informed consent
  • Use of birth control by female participants (barrier methods, surgical sterilization, IUD, or abstinence)
  • Live within 50-mile radius of research site
  • Consent to remain abstinent from all drugs of abuse (except nicotine) for 24 hours prior to inpatient admission and follow-up assessment
  • Consent to random assignment to propranolol or placebo

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant, nursing or are of childbearing potential and not practicing/using birth control
  • Evidence or history of significant hematological, endocrine, cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal or neurological disease
  • Significant liver impairment
  • History of or current psychotic disorder, current severe major depressive disorder, bipolar affective disorder or a severe anxiety disorder
  • Currently taking anti-arrhythmic agents, psychostimulants or other agents known to interfere with heart rate and skin conductance monitoring
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to propranolol
  • Individuals taking medications that could adversely interact with the study medication, including, but not limited to albuterol, insulin, or significant inhibitors of CYP2D6
  • Individuals with bronchial asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
R21DA025155 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R21DA025155-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
DPMC ( Other Identifier: NIDA )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Medical University of South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Michael Saladin, Ph.D. Medical University of South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
September 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP