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Assessment of the Effect of Botulinum Toxin in Extensor Digitorum Brevis Via Strain Gauge and Nerve Conduction Studies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Allergan
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gordon Peterson, Loma Linda University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00822523
First received: January 12, 2009
Last updated: August 5, 2016
Last verified: August 2016

January 12, 2009
August 5, 2016
January 2009
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in Measured Force (Change From Baseline) (Using Strain Gauges) of Dorsiflexion of Digits 2 and 3 ("Force of EDB") After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB [ Time Frame: Baseline (3 times) then following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 1, Day 2, Day 4, Day 14, Day 21, and Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The force of dorsiflexion of the combination of digits 2 and 3 (at the same time using a single loop) of the foot were measured using a strain gauge after and before the administration of Botulinum Neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) or placebo. The baseline value was the mean of the 3 values for force obtained prior to injection of BoNT/A. The baseline was compared with the subsequent values.
Change in measured strength (using strain gauges) of dorsiflexion of digits 2 and 3 ("strength of EDB") after vs. before botulinum toxin injection into EDB [ Time Frame: Baseline (3 times) then following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 1, Day 2, Day 4, Day 7, Day 14, Day 21, and Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00822523 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Stability of Baseline Measurements of Force [ Time Frame: Baseline 1 (mean of 3 measurement on the same day of testing) compared with Baseline 2 (mean of 3 measurement on the same day of testing) on a second day compared with Baseline 3 (mean of 3 measurement on the same day of testing) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The force of dorsiflexion of the combination of digits 2 and 3 (at the same time using a single loop) of the foot were measured using a strain gauge on three different days prior to injection of BoNT/A or placebo. On each of the three days of baseline testing, the force was defined as the mean of three different measurements, separated by at least 1 minute from another measurement.
  • Difference in Force From Day 14 to Day 21 [ Time Frame: Force measured at Day 14 after BoNT/A injction into EDB and Force measured at Day 21 after BoNT/A injction into EDB. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The force of dorsiflexion of the combination of digits 2 and 3 (at the same time using a single loop) of the foot were measured using a strain gauge after and before the administration of Botulinum Neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A). The force at each day of testing was the mean of the 3 values for force obtained on that day. Value is percent change from baseline. Comparison is made between the percent change from baseline force and the force on Day 14 in each group vs. the percent change from baseline force and the force on Day 21 in each group.
  • Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Effects to onabotulinumtoxinA (Botulinum Type A Neurotoxin) [ Time Frame: At each visit for nerve conduction studies following injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (botulinum type A neurotoxin) into EDB (Day 0; Day 4; Day 14; Month 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With Standard Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Root Mean Squared With 1000 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in the standard location at the base of the ipsilateral 5th toe after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Root Mean Squared with 1000 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Percent Change of the Surface Electromyogram (SEMG) MRV-500 From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB. [ Time Frame: Baseline (mean of 3 measurement on the same day of testing) then following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Surface Electromyogram (SEMG) as measured by the Mean Rectified Voltage (MRV) with a window of 500 ms from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in the standard location at the base of the ipsilateral 5th toe after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A or placebo. Each MRV represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the MRV at that timepoint with measurements at least 60 seconds apart. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the MRV is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With Standard Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Root Mean Squared With 500 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in the standard location at the base of the ipsilateral 5th toe after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Root Mean Squared with 500 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With Standard Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Root Mean Squared With 200 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in the standard location at the base of the ipsilateral 5th toe after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Root Mean Squared with 200 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With Standard Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Mean Rectified Voltage With 1000 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in the standard location at the base of the ipsilateral 5th toe after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Mean Rectified Voltage with 1000 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With Standard Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Mean Rectified Voltage With 500 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in the standard location at the base of the ipsilateral 5th toe after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Mean Rectified Voltage with 500 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With Standard Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Mean Rectified Voltage With 200 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in the standard location at the base of the ipsilateral 5th toe after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Mean Rectified Voltage with 200 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With "Inactive" Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Root Mean Squared With 1000 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in an "inactive" location at the ipsilateral medial malleolus after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Root Mean Squared with 1000 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With "Inactive" Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Root Mean Squared With 500 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in an "inactive" location at the ipsilateral medial malleolus after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Root Mean Squared with 500 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With "Inactive" Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Root Mean Squared With 200 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in an "inactive" location at the ipsilateral medial malleolus after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Root Mean Squared with 200 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With "Inactive" Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Mean Rectified Voltage With 1000 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in an "inactive" location at the ipsilateral medial malleolus after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Mean Rectified Voltage with 1000 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With "Inactive" Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Mean Rectified Voltage With 500 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in an "inactive" location at the ipsilateral medial malleolus after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Mean Rectified Voltage with 500 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Correlation in Percent Change of the CMAP (With "Inactive" Reference Electrode Location) From EDB After vs. Before Botulinum Toxin Injection Into EDB vs. Percent Change Surface Electromyography (as Measured by Mean Rectified Voltage With 200 ms Window). [ Time Frame: Mean of 3 measurements on the same day of testing following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14; and Month 4 each compared with Baseline measurement ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure the percent change of the Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP) Amplitude from extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) with the reference electrode in an "inactive" location at the ipsilateral medial malleolus after injection of BoNT/A into EDB compared with before injection of BoNT/A. Each CMAP represents the mean of 3 individual measurements of the CMAP at that timepoint. In order to facilitate comparison from one subject to the next, the CMAP is then converted into percent change from baseline for that subject. CMAP percent change is then correlated with the percent change in the Surface Electromyography as measured by the Mean Rectified Voltage with 200 millisecond window at the same time points after injection. Group with injection of 20 units BoNT/A is used.
  • Change in CMAP (with standard reference electrode location and with an "inactive" reference electrode location) from EDB after vs. before botulinum toxin injection into EDB; [ Time Frame: Baseline (once) then following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14 and/or Day 21; and Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Surface Electromyogram(SEMG) parameters from EDB, tibialis anterior (TA), and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) after vs. before botulinum toxin injection into EDB [ Time Frame: Baseline (once) then following single injection of botulinum toxin into EDB with testing at Day 4; Day 14 and/or Day 21; and Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Evaluation for serious adverse effects of botulinum toxin [ Time Frame: At each visit following injection of botulinum toxin into EDB (Day 0; Day 1; Day 2; Day 4; Day 7; Day 14; Day 21; Month 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Assessment of the Effect of Botulinum Toxin in Extensor Digitorum Brevis Via Strain Gauge and Nerve Conduction Studies
Strain Gauge Feasibility Assessment & Correlation With Compound Muscle Action Potential & Surface Electromyogram Parameters Before & After a Single Intramuscular Injection of Botulinum Toxin Type A Into Extensor Digitorum Brevis Muscle
The purpose of this feasibility study is to determine if temporary weakness of a small foot muscle caused by local injection of botulinum toxin into that muscle can be measured with a strain gauge in addition to the previously known valid measurements via nerve conduction studies and surface electromyogram.

Purpose/Hypothesis:

Verify the validity and reliability of strain gauge assessment of strength of extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) muscle compared to compound muscle action potential (CMAP) size from EDB and surface electromyography (SEMG) data from EDB after injection of botulinum toxin into EDB

  1. Primary Outcome Measure:

    Change in measured strength (using strain gauges) of dorsiflexion of digits 3 and 4 ("strength of EDB") after vs. before botulinum toxin injection into EDB

  2. Secondary Outcome Measures:

    1. Change in CMAP (with standard reference electrode location and with an "inactive" reference electrode location) from EDB after vs. before botulinum toxin injection into EDB;
    2. Change in SEMG parameters from EDB, tibialis anterior (TA), and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) after vs. before botulinum toxin injection into EDB

STUDY DESIGN:

  1. Overview:

    Single intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin or placebo (placebo or BOTOX 2 units or BOTOX 20 units, each with a total volume of 0.1 ml) intramuscular into right EDB on Day 0. Strain gauge data and SEMG data from TA and EDL are obtained at each evaluation time: Baseline (3 separate times prior to Day 0 after at least 5 separate training sessions for the strain gauges); Day 1; Day 2; Day 4 (during anticipated rapid change); Day 14 (+/-1 day) (at clinical nadir); Day 21 (+/-1 day) (another day at clinical nadir); and Month 4 (when clinical recovery from the effect of BOTOX should have occurred); CMAP & SEMG data from EDB are obtained at Baseline; Day 4 (close to nadir of CAMP); Day 14 (at nadir of CAMP) and/or Day 21 (at nadir of CAMP); and Month 4 (when clinical recovery from the effect of BOTOX should have occurred but CMAP should not have recovered).

  2. Protocol:

Single-center, Double-Blind, Randomized, Pilot Trial Total Sample Size: 12-15

Treatment Groups:

BOTOX Single Dose 20 units IM in EDB in 0.1 ml BOTOX Single Dose 2 units IM in EDB in 0.1 ml Placebo (Saline) Single Dose IM in EDB in 0.1 ml

Estimated Time to Enroll:

0-3 months

Estimated Study Duration:

4-6 months

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
  • Muscle Strength
  • Botulinum Toxins, Type A
  • Drug: Botulinum Toxin, Type A
    20 units, single dose, intramuscular in right EDB muscle
    Other Name: BOTOX
  • Drug: Botulinum Toxin, Type A
    2 units, single dose, intramuscular to right EDB muscle
    Other Name: BOTOX
  • Drug: Saline
    Single Dose, Intramuscular into right EDB muscle
    Other Name: Placebo
  • Experimental: Botulinum toxin type A, 20 units
    Single intramuscular (into extensor digitorum brevis muscle of the foot) dose of Botulinum toxin type A, 20 units
    Intervention: Drug: Botulinum Toxin, Type A
  • Experimental: Botulinum toxin, type A, 2 units
    Single intramuscular (into extensor digitorum brevis muscle of the foot) dose of Botulinum toxin type A, 2 units
    Intervention: Drug: Botulinum Toxin, Type A
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Saline, Single dose, Intramuscular injection into right EDB
    Intervention: Drug: Saline

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
13
July 2015
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Normal, healthy, male or female subjects, 18 to 54 years of age.
  • Written informed consent has been obtained.
  • Females with child-bearing potential have a negative urine pregnancy test and agree to use a reliable form of contraception during the study.
  • Ability to follow study instructions and likely to complete all required visits.
  • Written authorization for Use and Release of Health and Research Study Information has been obtained.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Abnormality by focused history and examination including the presence of foot deformity.
  • Abnormal (as determined by the investigator) screening nerve conduction studies of the lower limbs.
  • Identification of anomalous innervation of right EDB via screening nerve conduction studies.
  • The subject having a foot which does not adequately fit in the modified ankle-foot orthosis used with the strain gauge.
  • The subject having a foot in which anatomic bone landmarks cannot be adequately identified.
  • Body mass index (BMI) greater than 30.
  • History of significant (as determined by the investigator) lower limb injury or lower limb surgery
  • Any uncontrolled clinically significant medical condition.
  • Known allergy or sensitivity to any of the components in the study medication.
  • Females with a positive pregnancy test, or who are breast-feeding, planning a pregnancy during the study, who think that they may be pregnant at the start of the study, or females of childbearing potential who are unable or unwilling to use a reliable form of contraception during the study.
  • Concurrent participation in another investigational drug or device study or participation within 3 months prior to study.
  • Treatment with botulinum toxin of any serotype prior to enrollment in study or prior clinical botulism.
  • Any medical condition that may put the subject at increased risk with exposure to BOTOX including diagnosed myasthenia gravis, Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or any other disorder that might interfere with neuromuscular function.
  • Evidence of alcohol abuse, drug abuse, or other relevant neuropsychiatric condition.
  • Infection or skin disorder at an anticipated injection site.
  • Any condition or situation that, in the investigator's opinion, may put the subject at significant risk, confound the study results (e.g. variable strength on serial testing during screening examination; or foot, toe, or ankle pain that may limit full participation in muscle strength testing), or interfere significantly with the subject's participation in the study.
Both
18 Years to 54 Years   (Adult)
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00822523
58360
No
No
Not Provided
Gordon Peterson, Loma Linda University
Loma Linda University
Allergan
Principal Investigator: Gordon W Peterson, MD Loma Linda University
Loma Linda University
August 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP