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Oral Immunotherapy (OIT) for Peanut Allergy (PnOIT3)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wesley Burks, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00815035
First received: December 26, 2008
Last updated: May 11, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
December 26, 2008
May 11, 2017
April 2009
December 12, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Percentage of Subjects Achieving Tolerance as Defined by a Negative DBPCFC 4 Weeks After Discontinuation of Peanut OIT Therapy. [ Time Frame: 61 months for those randomized to active treatment and 73 months for those randomized to placebo for the initial 12 months of therapy ]
Upon completion of 60 months of peanut OIT treatment, subjects discontinued peanut OIT for 4 weeks. The primary clinical efficacy outcome of the study was the percentage of peanut allergic subjects who completed a 5 gm peanut protein double-blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCPFC) without developing symptoms 4 weeks after discontinuing peanut OIT.
To treat peanut-allergic subjects with peanut OIT and to determine whether this protocol lowers their risk of anaphylactic reactions and causes long-term tolerance. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00815035 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • The Percentage of Subjects Achieving Full Desensitization as Defined by a Negative DBPCFC After 60 Months of Peanut OIT Therapy. [ Time Frame: 60 months for those randomized to active treatment and 72 months for those randomized to placebo for the initial 12 months of therapy ]
    Upon completion of 60 months of peanut OIT treatment, subjects underwent a double-blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCPFC) to assess desensitization. The secondary clinical efficacy outcome of the study was the percentage of peanut allergic subjects who completed a 5 gm peanut protein double-blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCPFC) without developing symptoms after completing peanut OIT therapy.
  • The Percentage of Subjects Who Tolerated the Initial-day Escalation to 6 mg of Peanut [ Time Frame: first day of peanut OIT dosing ]
    The first day of peanut OIT dosing involved multiple increasing doses of peanut flour in what was called an initial escalation day up to a maximum dose of 6 mg of peanut protein. The secondary outcome measure assessed the percentage of subjects were successfully able to reach this 6 mg dose.
  • The Percentage of Subjects Who Are Successfully Able to Escalate up to the 4000 mg Maximum Maintenance Dose of Peanut Protein OIT During the 60 Month Desensitization Phase of the Study [ Time Frame: approximately 40 weeks (10 months) ]
    During the desensitization phase of the study, subjects under go an initial day escalation up to a maximum of 6 mg of peanut protein. They then undergo biweekly dose escalation over approximately 10 months up to a maximum dose of 4000 mg of peanut protein. This outcome reports the percentage of subjects that achieve this.
  • Incidence of All Serious Adverse Events During the Study [ Time Frame: 61 months for those randomized to active peanut OIT and 73 months for those randomized to placebo for the initial 12 months of the study. ]
    All serious adverse events during the blinded and open-label phases of the study were recorded and reported as a safety outcome.
To determine the molecular-level effect that peanut OIT has on the peanut-specific cellular and humoral activity/response in peanut-allergic subjects. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Oral Immunotherapy (OIT) for Peanut Allergy
Oral Immunotherapy for Peanut Allergy- Peanut Oral Immunotherapy (PnOIT3)
Peanut allergy is known to cause severe anaphylactic reactions.The goal of this proposal is to produce a new treatment that would benefit subjects who have peanut allergy by lowering the risk of anaphylactic reactions (desensitization), and changing the peanut-specific immune response in subjects who have peanut allergy (tolerance).
Peanut allergy is known to cause severe anaphylactic reactions. Compared with other food allergies it tends to be more persistent and also its prevalence seems to be rising. Currently there is no proven treatment other than strict avoidance. We are attempting to decrease the risk of anaphylaxis on accidental ingestion by desensitizing subjects to peanut using peanut oral immunotherapy (OIT). We are also studying the effect of peanut OIT on the peanut specific immune response to determine if tolerance to peanut protein will develop. Children ages one to six years of age with peanut allergy will be randomized to peanut OIT or placebo (active subjects). Thirty subjects will also be recruited as controls. These subjects will not receive any peanut or placebo but only have skin prick testing and lab work in addition to a history and physical exam. Active subjects will undergo a modified rush immunotherapy on the first day and then increase the doses at least every two weeks up to a maintenance dose of 4 grams (equivalent to about 13 peanuts). Doses will be taken daily at home except for dose increases which will be done on the research unit. Outcome variables of interest include response to double-blind placebo controlled food challenge, skin prick testing, peanut specific IgE, and adverse events. These results will be compared between the start and end of peanut OIT using appropriate statistical analysis.
Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Peanut Hypersensitivity
  • Drug: Peanut OIT
    Peanut flour that is orally ingested in a graded fashion.
    Other Name: Peanut flour
  • Drug: Placebo
    Oat flour used as a placebo that is orally ingested a graded fashion
    Other Name: Oat flour
  • Active Comparator: Peanut OIT
    Subjects randomized to receive active treatment with peanut protein flour.
    Intervention: Drug: Peanut OIT
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Subjects randomized to receive placebo in the form of oat flour.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
16
June 30, 2017
December 12, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 1- 6 years all of either sex, any race, any ethnicity at the time of the initial visit
  • The presence of IgE specific to peanuts (a positive skin prick test to peanuts (diameter of wheal >3.0 mm) and a positive in vitro IgE [CAP-FEIA] > 7 kUA/L
  • A history of significant clinical symptoms occurring within 60 minutes after ingesting peanuts
  • Provide signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of severe anaphylaxis to peanut as defined by hypoxia, hypotension, or neurological compromise (Cyanosis or oxygen saturation < 92% at any stage, hypotension, confusion, collapse, loss of consciousness; or incontinence)
  • Currently participating in a study using an investigational new drug
  • Participation in any interventional study for the treatment of food allergy in the past 12 months
  • Subjects with a known wheat food allergy will be excluded because of cross contamination of oat with wheat
  • Poor control or persistent activation of atopic dermatitis
  • Moderate to severe persistent asthma
  • Currently being treated with greater than medium daily doses of inhaled corticosteroids, as defined by the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) guidelines
  • Inability to discontinue antihistamines for skin testing and oral food challenges (OFCs)
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
1 Year to 6 Years   (Child)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00815035
11-2315
Yes
Not Provided
No
Not Provided
Wesley Burks, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Wesley Burks, MD University of North Carolina
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
May 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP