Hypnotherapy for Treatment of Overactive Bladder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00793611
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 19, 2008
Results First Posted : October 28, 2011
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yuko Komesu, University of New Mexico

October 6, 2008
November 19, 2008
August 16, 2011
October 28, 2011
October 9, 2017
November 2008
January 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in Overactive Bladder Symptoms (Based on OABqSF) [ Time Frame: baseline and approximately 6-12 weeks after study initiation ]
Scale information; Score ranges for oab-qsf quality of life scores range from 13-78; 13=poor quality of life 78=good quality of life. We reported change scores, with larger negative numbers indicating greater improvement in quality of life scores.
Change in Overactive Bladder Symptoms (based on validated questionnaire) [ Time Frame: approximate 6-12 weeks after study initation ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00793611 on Archive Site
  • Change in Voiding Frequency Based on Voiding Diary [ Time Frame: baseline and 6-12 weeks after study initiation ]
    change in mean number of voids per 24 hours. Each participant recorded voiding frequency every 24 hours for 3 days at baseline and follow-up. A mean number of voids for every patient over 24 hours was calculated at baseline and follow-up.
  • Patient Global Impression of Improvement [ Time Frame: 6-12 weeks after study initiation (@ completion of intervention) ]
    Outcome measure is only administered at follow-up and used following treatment in patients with urinary incontinence. Measure varies from 1 to 7 on a Likert scale. 1=very much better and 7=very much worse and 4=no change. Thus, lower numbers represent greater improvement.
Change in Voiding Frequency Based on Voiding Diary [ Time Frame: 6-12 weeks after study initiation ]
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Hypnotherapy for Treatment of Overactive Bladder
Hypnotherapy for Treatment of Overactive Bladder: A Feasibility Study
The investigators purpose is to perform a pilot study evaluating the efficacy in hypnotherapy in treating women with Overactive Bladder Symptoms (urinary urgency symptoms and urinary frequency). Approximately half the women in the study will receive "standard care" (performing a voiding diary, Pelvic Floor exercises, and timed voiding) and the other half will receive "standard care" and 3 hypnotherapy sessions. The investigators will compare the groups using a validated overactive bladder questionnaire and compare voiding diaries to evaluate urinary frequency at the end of the sessions/study completion.

Experimental Design and Methods:

i) This is a feasibility study (prior to performing a larger randomized controlled trial at a later date) evaluating whether hypnotherapy effectively treats Overactive Bladder (OAB). Ultimately, for the larger study, in order to find a 20% difference between the hypnotherapy group and controls, we will need to evaluate a total of approximately 66-70 women to find a 20% difference between groups, assuming 80% power and P=0.05. However, the purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility of the larger study and determine the appropriate control intervention and outcomes. We plan to evaluate approximately ten subjects (approximately twenty overall) in both the control and hypnotherapy groups.

ii) Patients OAB will be offered entry into the study. a) Inclusion criteria: women experiencing 8 voids/day and an OAB Awareness tool score greater than 8. b) Exclusion criteria: males (since we do not care for males in the gynecology clinic), non-English speakers, pregnant women, women younger than 18 years old, incarcerated women, women with a history of bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, women unwilling to undergo hypnotherapy iii) Informed consent will be obtained. iv) Prior to receiving interventions, patients will be administered the OAB-q & instructed to keep a 3 day voiding diary. If the patient has not had a pelvic exam in the urogynecology clinic within the last year, a pelvic exam will be performed.

v) The usual standard treatments for OAB include pelvic floor exercise, voiding diaries, bladder drills (increasing time between voids), and anti-cholinergic medications. The control group will be offered any or all of our standard treatments, including Behavioral treatment (review of voiding diaries and instruction regarding behavioral changes). Both groups will be allowed to continue current OAB medications but asked not to start new medications. The hypnotherapy group will also be offered any or all of our standard treatments, but they will be given the option of receiving hypnotherapy in addition to the usual treatments.

vi) Hypnotherapy sessions: Dr. Sapien will conduct 3 hypnotherapy session to women randomized to the hypnotherapy group. These sessions will occur approximately every1-2 weeks over approximately a time span of 6-8 weeks. The sessions will last 60-90 minutes. Session #1) Explain hypnotherapy and practice suggestion therapy; Session #2) address emotions around OAB and life impact, visualization of pelvic floor exercise mechanics, teach self hypnosis; Session #3) address emotions, further practice on exercises and self-hypnosis vii) Blinding of Investigators and Allocation Concealment: Randomization will be performed by the CTSC using computer generated allocation. Only the CTSC personnel will know the assignment schema. Researchers will not know the group assignments. A research nurse otherwise uninvolved in the study will place the group assignments in serially numbered, opaque envelopes. Once subjects sign consents they will receive an opaque envelop assigning them to the Behavioral Therapy or Hypnotherapy group. The individual responsible for data collection and data entry will not know the group assignment until the end of the study when the assignment code is broken.

VI. Human Subjects:

i) See inclusion & exclusion criteria described previously. Children, prisoners and mentally ill or disabled subjects will be excluded from our study. Women who are pre-menopausal and who are not using contraception and have missed a menstrual period will be offered a pregnancy test in the clinic, as is the standard of care in the gynecology clinic. Pregnancy is an exclusion criteria for study participation.Women evaluated in the Gynecology Clinic at the University of New Mexico will be offered participation in the study.

ii) Women will be offered study participation in a private setting at their gynecology visit if have the symptoms of OAB noted previously (V.ii).The study will be described verbally and they will receive a copy of the consent form to read. They will be given the option of taking the consent home to have time to consider whether they would like to participate. If the patient wishes more time to consider whether she would like to participate, she will be asked whether she would agree to phone follow-up by a study investigator. If she agrees, she will have phone follow-up at least 24 hours after her clinic visit. If the patient expresses interest in participating in the study, she will then return to sign her consent with a study investigator. All patients will be reassured that declining study participation will have no effect on the care that they receive iii) Potential Risks of Hypnotherapy: Potential Risks of Hypnotherapy: Risks of hypnotherapy are minimal. Hypnosis is a natural state of mind in which the subconscious is accessed and utilized to make a positive impact. Although, in the 1980 false memory syndrome was described with the use of hypnotherapy in child abuse survivors, the current practice of hypnotherapy uses a much different approach to this therapeutic application. Current practice includes open-ended lines of questioning as opposed to suggestive or leading lines of questioning utilized with these victims.

Risks will be minimized by using open-ended lines of questioning for all hypnotherapy sessions (see above). For this study the hypnotherapist is also a physician, therefore physician-patient confidentiality guidelines are in place. Subjects will be asked to contact the PI if they believe that they are suffering from a psychological burden which has occurred from their involvement in the study.

It is highly unlikely that this study would be terminated, as the risks to participants are minimal. However, in the unlikely circumstance that a large number of hypnotherapy subjects complain of severe psychologic or physical discomfort with their hypnotherapy sessions (despite incorporation of relaxation techniques in the sessions), the study would be terminated. Subject case discussion will be conducted by the research team in a private setting

Potential Risks to Control Group: The control group will be offered standard care for treatment of OAB and will not be exposed to any greater risk than usual for OAB treatments iv) Potential Benefits of Hypnotherapy: Alleviating or diminishing symptoms of frequent urinary, urinary urgency and urine leakage.

v)Safety Oversite: The investigators will meet approximately monthly to review study progress and subject issues/complaints. The subjects will have follow-up with either phone or in-person contact with the hypnotherapist or CTSC personnel. If major events, though unlikely, occur, they will be reviewed with appropriate CTSC and HRRC personnel.

vi) After the study is finished, the patients in the control group have the option of undergoing an approx. 20 minute relaxation hypnotherapy session with Dr. Sapien.

Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Overactive Bladder
  • Behavioral: Behavioral therapy standard of care
    controls will receive usual interventions for overactive bladder: voiding diary, bladder drills, pelvic floor exercises
    Other Names:
    • behavioral treatment
    • pelvic floor exercise
    • bladder drills
  • Other: hypnotherapy
    Patients will receive 3 hypnotherapy sessions in addition to usual behavioral treatment of overactive bladder
    Other Name: hypnosis
  • Active Comparator: Behavioral therapy
    "Behavioral Therapy standard of care (which consists of bladder drills, voiding diaries, timed voiding and pelvic floor exercises)"
    Intervention: Behavioral: Behavioral therapy standard of care
  • Experimental: hypnotherapy
    patients will receive 3 hypnotherapy sessions in addition to usual behavioral treatments for overactive bladder
    • Behavioral: Behavioral therapy standard of care
    • Other: hypnotherapy
Freeman RM, Baxby K. Hypnotherapy for incontinence caused by the unstable detrusor. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1982 Jun 19;284(6332):1831-4.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
March 2010
January 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • More than 8 voids/day
  • Score > 8 on OABq questionnaire
  • English speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy
  • Less than 18 years old
  • History of Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
United States
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Not Provided
Yuko Komesu, University of New Mexico
University of New Mexico
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Yuko M Komesu, MD University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center
University of New Mexico
September 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP