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18F ML-10 for Early Detection of Response of Brain Metastases to WBRT

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00791063
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 14, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aposense Ltd.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 1, 2008
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 14, 2008
Last Update Posted Date February 13, 2013
Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 13, 2008)
Assessment of a change in the uptake of [18F]- ML-10 by the tumor as observed in comparing the PET scans before and after WBRT. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 13, 2008)
  • Assessment of a relationship between the change in uptake of [18F]- ML-10 by the tumor, observed in the PET scans obtained during the study, and tumor shrinkage in response to treatment, as assessed by MRI or CT according to the RECIST criteria. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Detection of a potential change in the uptake of [18F]- ML-10 by the healthy brain tissue, as observed in comparing the PET/CT scans before and after WBRT, reflecting potential damage to intact brain tissue, as an adverse effect of the irradiation. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Assessment of the correlation between the PET/CT region of interest (ROI), delineated by [18F]-ML-10 imaging, and the corresponding anatomical imaging. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  • Assessment of the safety of [18F]-ML-10 when administered to cancer patients undergoing WBRT. [ Time Frame: one month ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE 18F ML-10 for Early Detection of Response of Brain Metastases to WBRT
Official Title  ICMJE An Open-Label Study to Evaluate 18F ML-10 as a PET Imaging Radiotracer for Early Detection of Response of Brain Metastases to Whole Brain Radiation Therapy (WBRT)
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential of [18F]-ML-10 to serve as a non-invasive imaging tool for the early detection of apoptosis in brain metastases in response to radiation therapy. Such early detection may improve clinical management of patients with brain metastases, as it may help early identification of non-responders, and subsequently potentially lead to optimization of radiation dose, early decision on focal irradiation of selected, non-responsive lesions, or early referral of the patient to surgery. The experimental design of the present study aims to evaluate the potential of non-invasive PET examination with [18F]-ML-10, to provide the clinician early in the course of treatment, via non-invasive molecular imaging of radiation-induced apoptosis, information on tumor responsiveness, that is currently available only several weeks to months after completion of the radiotherapy.
Detailed Description

Early assessment of the efficacy of anti-cancer therapy is highly desirable and an unmet need in clinical oncology. Currently, treatment efficacy is mostly measured by following tumor size by anatomical imaging (CT scan or MRI). However, changes in tumor size may be observed only after several weeks to several months after completion of treatment. Meanwhile, in cases where there is no response, the patient is unnecessarily exposed to treatment's side effects, and precious time may be lost before the initiation of an alternative, potentially more beneficial line of therapy. Therefore, there is an urgent and serious need for better tools for monitoring of tumor response to anti-cancer treatments.

To address this need, [18F]-ML-10, a novel small molecular-weight probe (MW 205) was developed for clinical detection of apoptosis in vivo by positron emission tomography (PET). [18F]-ML-10 is a member of the ApoSense family of compounds, a novel class of molecular probes for molecular imaging of cell death. The first clinical indication for which [18F]-ML-10 is being developed is imaging of apoptosis in clinical oncology to monitor tumor response to radiation therapy.

Previous preclinical and clinical studies have substantiated the safety of [18F]-ML-10, its very high stability in vivo, its favorable biodistribution profile, and its efficacy in clinical detection of cell death. In preclinical studies, the selective retention of [18F]-ML-10 in the focus of the neurovascular cell death in cerebral ischemia was demonstrated in respective animal models. 18F-ML-10 has been examined in two clinical trials in Uppsala Imanet, Sweden, and has been found safe in administration to healthy subjects and to elderly subjects with acute ischemic cerebral stroke. In these clinical trials, [18F]-ML-10 was also found efficacious in the clinical imaging of apoptosis, being either physiological apoptosis as observed in the testes in young healthy males, and pathological cell death, as observed in the brains of patients with acute ischemic cerebral stroke.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Condition  ICMJE
  • Solid Tumors
  • Brain Metastases
Intervention  ICMJE Other: 18F ML-10
Patients will undergo 2-3 brain PET/CT sessions; A pre-treatment session and 1-2 sessions post WBRT treatment. Each PET/CT session will be done following intravenous administration of 18F-ML-10, to assess tracer uptake by the tumor.
Other Name: 18F ML-10 PET/CT imaging
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: 18F ML-10
Intervention - 18F ML-10 PET/CT imaging for early detection of response of brain metastases to WBRT
Intervention: Other: 18F ML-10
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 12, 2013)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 13, 2008)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with cancer, diagnosed as having brain metastases, wherein at least one of the tumors has the diameter of ≥ 1.5cm, as assessed by MRI or CT performed within 14 days prior to screening/enrollment.
  2. Patients scheduled for WBRT.
  3. Fully conscious patients who have been given written and verbal information, and have then provided informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Unstable medical condition, such as ischemic heart disease, liver disease or pulmonary disease, which may risk the patient during the study, as judged by the investigator.
  2. Renal failure, with serum creatinine > 1.5mg/dl.
  3. Any known psychiatric disorder other than mild depression or anxiety.
  4. Patients treated for diabetes mellitus either by oral hypoglycemic medications or insulin.
  5. Allergy to any known medication or to any imaging agent, or allergy-originated diseases, as judged by the investigator.
  6. Other condition that might jeopardize the safety of the patient or the evaluation of the study results, as judged by the investigator.
  7. Treatment with any non-marketed investigational drug within 30 days prior to administration of [18F]-ML-10.
  8. Current alcohol or drug abuse
  9. Pregnancy or lactation.
  10. Women of child-bearing potential who are not using an adequate and medically acceptable contraceptive method.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries Israel
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00791063
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NST-CA001CTIL
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Aposense Ltd.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Aposense Ltd.
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Aaron Allen, M.D. Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva 49100, Israel
PRS Account Aposense Ltd.
Verification Date February 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP