PENNVAX-B With or Without IL-12 or IL-15 as a DNA Vaccine for HIV Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00775424
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 20, 2008
Last Update Posted : August 25, 2016
Drexel University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

October 17, 2008
October 20, 2008
August 25, 2016
September 2008
June 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Frequency of adverse events in each of the treatment arms [ Time Frame: Time of each vaccination, 2 weeks after vaccinations 3 and 4 and at the completion of the study. ]
Frequency of adverse events in each of the treatment arms [ Time Frame: Time of each vaccination, 2 weeks after vaccinations 3 and 4th and at the completion of the study. ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00775424 on Archive Site
Antigen specific cellular and humoral immune response. [ Time Frame: 2 weeks following the third and fourth vaccinations ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
PENNVAX-B With or Without IL-12 or IL-15 as a DNA Vaccine for HIV Infection

A phase Ib partially blinded pilot study to evaluate the safety and immunological effects of PENNVAX-B with or without co-administration of constructs containing DNA encoding for the expression of either IL-12 or IL-15.

Primary objectives

  1. To determine the safety of HIV-1 DNA constructs (PENNVAX-B).
  2. To determine the safety and optimal doses of the IL-12 and the IL-15 adjuvant constructs when given with PENNVAX-B.

Secondary objectives

  1. To compare the various vaccine groups for their immunological responses to several HIV-1 antigens, utilizing the ELISPOT assay.
  2. To analyze antibody responses to the vaccine antigens over time.
  3. To measure CD8 cell proliferative responses to vaccine antigens over time.
Not Provided
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infection
  • Biological: PENNVAX-B
    PENNVAX-B is a cocktail of three expression plasmids. The plasmids include the genes which encode a synthetic HIV-1 envelope protein (pEY2E1-B), Gag (gagCAM02), and Pol (pK2C1). Each plasmid is manufactured to a concentration of 4.0 mg/mL and is formulated with bupivacaine (0.25%) as a facilitating agent for DNA uptake. All plasmids (2.0 mg each gag, pol, env) are premixed by the manufacturer in the same vial.
  • Biological: GENEVAX IL-12-4532
    GENEVAX IL-12-4532 This molecular adjuvant plasmid contains nucleotide sequences necessary for expression of the human IL-12 protein. IL-12 DNA is formulated at a concentration of 2.0 mg/mL with bupivacaine (0.25%).
  • Biological: PLACEBO
  • Biological: IL-15 adjuvant
    pIL15EAM is a plasmid that encodes human IL-15 and has been optimized to express 87 fold higher than native IL-15 DNA and 5.7 fold higher than an earlier generation optimized IL-15 DNA construct. This plasmid is formulated at a concentration of 4.0 mg/mL with bupivacaine (0.25%).
  • Experimental: PENNVAX-B alone
    PENNVAX-B alone
    Intervention: Biological: PENNVAX-B
  • Experimental: PENNVAX-B+IL12
    • Biological: PENNVAX-B
    • Biological: GENEVAX IL-12-4532
  • Experimental: PENNVAX-B+IL15
    • Biological: PENNVAX-B
    • Biological: IL-15 adjuvant
  • Placebo Comparator: PLACEBO
    Intervention: Biological: PLACEBO
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
June 2010
June 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. HIV-1 infection documented by any licensed ELISA test kit and confirmed by Western blot, HIV-1 culture, HIV-1 antigen, or plasma HIV-1 RNA, at any time before study entry.
  2. Taking a stable HAART regimen for ≥3 months before the time of enrollment.
  3. CD4-positive lymphocyte count ≥400 cells/µl on two occasions within 60 days of enrollment, performed at any certified flow laboratory.
  4. HIV-1 < 75 copies/mL on two occasions within 60 days of enrollment, performed in a CLIA certified laboratory.
  5. Laboratory values obtained within 30 days prior to study entry:
  6. Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL (female subjects) and > 9.5 g/dL (male subjects)
  7. Absolute neutrophil count > 1000 cells/μL
  8. Platelet count > 75,000/μL
  9. ALT, AST and alkaline phosphatase ≥ 2.5 x upper limit of normal range
  10. Total bilirubin ≥ 2.5 x upper limit of the laboratory normal range
  11. Serum creatinine ≥ upper limit of normal (ULN).
  12. All women of reproductive potential (who have not reached menopause nor undergone hysterectomy, oophorectomy, or tubal ligation) must have a negative pregnancy test within 30 days of initiating study-specified medication(s) and at day 0 (enrollment).

    1. Women who are not of reproductive potential (have reached menopause or undergone hysterectomy, oophorectomy, or tubal ligation) or whose male partner has undergone successful vasectomy with resultant azoospermia or has azoospermia for any other reason, are eligible without requiring the use of contraception. Documentation of menopause, sterilization (hysterectomy, oophorectomy, tubal ligation, or vasectomy) and azoospermia by patient-reported history is acceptable.
    2. All subjects must not participate in a conception process (i.e. active attempt to become pregnant or to impregnate, sperm donation, in vitro fertilization), and if participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy, the female study volunteer/male partner must use a form of contraception while receiving protocol-specified medication(s)/vaccinations and for one month after stopping the vaccinations.
  13. Karnofsky performance score ≥ 90 within 30 days prior to study entry.
  14. Men or women ≥18 years of age and less than 50.
  15. Ability and willingness of subject or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any active or past AIDS-defining illness with the exception of minimal (less than 10 lesions) cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma.
  2. Subjects with a history of a CD4+ T-cell count ≤200/µl are not eligible.
  3. Use of any known immunomodulatory therapy within 4 weeks prior to study entry including but not limited to drugs such as systemic corticosteroids, interferons, interleukins, thalidomide, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, IV gammaglobulin, or human growth hormone.
  4. Any malignancy requiring systemic or local toxic chemotherapy. Local radiation will be allowed.
  5. Pregnancy or breast-feeding.
  6. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (fasting blood glucose > 126 mg/dL or random blood glucose levels > 200 mg/dL on at least two occasions within 6 months prior to study entry).
  7. Major organ transplantation.
  8. Active alcohol or substance abuse or psychiatric illness, which in the opinion of the investigator will interfere with adherence to study requirements.
  9. Clinically significant neurological disorder occurring within 1 year prior to study entry that in the opinion of the principal investigator would affect the subject's study compliance or safety.
  10. Use of systemic corticosteroids for ≥ 4 weeks within 3 months prior to study entry.
  11. Presence of any chronic disease that in the opinion of the investigator might affect subject safety.
  12. History of previous vaccination with an HIV-1 vaccine.
  13. History or evidence of autoimmune disease, including, but not limited to thyroid autoimmune disease and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
  14. Allergies to bupivacaine or similar anesthetic.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Drexel University
Principal Investigator: Pablo Tebas, MD University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
August 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP