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Cardiovascular Consequences of NIV Withdrawal in Patients With Myotonic Dystrophy

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified September 2008 by University Hospital, Grenoble.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: September 3, 2008
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Grenoble
September 1, 2008
September 3, 2008
August 13, 2012
June 2008
December 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
To evaluate endothelial dysfunction (as measured by Peripheral arterial tone (PAT)) and its evolution after four weeks withdrawal of non-invasive ventilation (NIV). [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00745238 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
To assess arterial stiffness, systemic inflammation (IL6, TNFα, Leptin, CRP), insulin resistance, DHEA, sleep quality, objective and subjective daytime somnolence and their evolution after four weeks withdrawal of NIV. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Cardiovascular Consequences of NIV Withdrawal in Patients With Myotonic Dystrophy
Four Weeks Withdrawal of Non-invasive Ventilation (NIV) in Patients With Myotonic Dystrophy: Cardiovascular, Metabolic and Daytime Vigilance Induced Changes

Background: Myotonic dystrophy lead to highly heterogeneous, multisystemic symptoms including myotonia, progressive muscle weakness, cardiac conduction defects, cataract, metabolic dysfunction, and excessive daytime somnolence. This last symptom is related to respiratory failure and/or to involvement of the central nervous system. However the metabolic disturbances could contribute to it. From the respiratory point of view this disease is characterised by the progressive appearance of respiratory failure of muscular origin but mainly associated with a defect in the central respiratory drive. The treatment for this hypoventilation is non-invasive ventilation (NIV).

It is not currently absolutely clear as to the best choice of criteria to judge long term effectiveness of NIV. The most usual criteria are normalisation of daytime blood gases, diminution of respiratory work, improvement in daytime symptoms and improvement in sleep structure. Other criteria are currently little studied, for instance the contribution of the interaction between alveolar hypoventilation and oxygen desaturation during the night and biological deficiencies such as systemic inflammation, glucose intolerance or insulin resistance. Likewise there is little information about the interaction between alveolar hypoventilation and endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness both being accurate predictive factors for cardiovascular risks.

Aim: to evaluate the impact of NIV on endothelial dysfunction in patients with myotonic dystrophy. The secondary objectives are to assess the impact of NIV on systemic inflammation, arterial stiffness, insulin-resistance, quality of sleep, and daytime vigilance in these patients.

Methods: Patients with chronic alveolar hypoventilation already treated by long term NIV will be included. They will have an initial check-up (Visit 1), then will interrupt NIV treatment for four weeks (Visit 2), and then return to NIV treatment. The last check-up will be done four weeks after NIV resumption (Visit3).

Expected results: It is expected that NIV withdrawal will results in a deterioration of cardio-vascular parameters (endothelial function and arterial stiffness), metabolic parameters (insulin-resistance and systemic inflammation), quality of sleep and daytime vigilance. Return to NIV treatment may show an improvement of these parameters with a basal state recovery.

NIV is a technique of assisted ventilation that does not use the endotracheal route as the interface between the patient and the ventilator. NIV by positive pressure assistance involves ventilating the patient by means of a mask adjusted on the nose or covering the nose and mouth. This technique is now the recommended therapeutic strategy for the treatment of chronic alveolar hypoventilation. It improves survival and quality of life, and improves daytime blood gases in patients suffering form chronic restrictive respiratory failure.

For each check-up (3 visits), patients will have a polysomnography, a complete respiratory function measurement (Flows and lung volumes, CO2 sensitivity test, SNIF test, blood gazes analysis), a test of endothelial function (peripheral arterial tone), a test of arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity), an assessment of systemic inflammation (ultra sensitive CRP, TNFa, IL6), assessment of diurnal vigilance tests ( OSLER test and sleepiness scale) and assessment of metabolic and endocrinal function (insulinemia, glucose blood level, Leptin, DHEA).

Not Provided
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Other: withdrawal of non-invasive ventilation
Four weeks withdrawal of non-invasive ventilation
Experimental: Myotonic Dystrophy 1
Intervention: Other: withdrawal of non-invasive ventilation
1-Cho DH. Biochim Biophys Acta 2007;1772:195-204. 2-Harper PS. W.B. Saunders ed. London, 1989. 3-Machuca-Tzili L. Muscle Nerve 2005;32:1-18. 4-Lazarus A. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002;40:1645-52. 5-Johansson A. J Intern Med 1999;245:345-51. 6-Johansson A. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2002;26:1386-92. 7-Carter JN. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1985;60:611-4. 8-Kouki T. Diabet Med 2005;22:346-7. 9-Mammarella. J Neurol Sci 2002;201:59-64. 10-Laberge L. J Sleep Res 2004;13:95-100. 11-Begin P. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;156:133-9. 12-DAngelo MG. Muscle Nerve 2006;34:16-33. 13-Veale D. Eur Respir J 1995;8:815-8. 14-Vgontzas A. Sleep Med Rev 2005;9:211-24. 15-Perrin C. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2005;26:117-30. 16-Guilleminault C. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998;65:225-32. 17-Mehta S. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001;163:540-77. 18-Babu AR. Arch Intern Med 2005;165(4):447-52. 19-Talbot K. Neuromuscul Disord 2003;13(5):357-64.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
December 2012
December 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)


  • Patients (>18 yrs) suffering from myotonic dystrophy already treated by long term nocturnal non invasive ventilation for more than six months for a chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (Level of PaCO2 at beginning of the treatment should be between 45 and 55 mmHg)
  • Patients should use his (her) non-invasive ventilation more than 4 hours and less than 12 hours per day.
  • Patients could have an associated obstructive or/and central sleep apnea.
  • NIV treatment should be consider as "efficient ": To allow an improvement of PaCO2 during wakefulness in the morning when using NIV compared to PaCO2 at the beginning of the treatment; To allow an improvement of the nocturnal oxymetry compared to baseline (mean nocturnal SaO2 > 90%).


  • Patients with a concomitant respiratory condition contributing to daytime alveolar hypoventilation.
  • Patients judged by investigators as at high cardiovascular risk, this contraindicating NIV withdrawal.
  • Patients with cardiac failure and periodic breathing.
  • Patients who have had an acute episode of respiratory failure in the previous month.
  • Incapacitated patients in accordance with article L 1121-6 of the public health code.
  • Patients treated by oral corticosteroids or oral long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID).
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
University Hospital, Grenoble
University Hospital, Grenoble
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Jean Louis PEPIN, PROFESSOR University Hospital, Grenoble
University Hospital, Grenoble
September 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP