Dose-Escalation Study of TH-302 in Combination With Doxorubicin to Treat Patients With Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00742963
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 28, 2008
Results First Posted : September 25, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Threshold Pharmaceuticals

August 26, 2008
August 28, 2008
July 14, 2017
September 25, 2017
October 26, 2017
August 2008
July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) Measured of TH-302 When Used in Combination With Doxorubicin and Prophylactic Growth Factor Support in Subjects With Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma [ Time Frame: Two years ]
To determine the MTD and DLT(s) of TH- 302 when used in combination with doxorubicin in subjects with relapsed soft tissue sarcoma [ Time Frame: Two years ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00742963 on Archive Site
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To make an assessment of the efficacy of TH-302 in combination with doxorubicin as determined by progression-free rate at 3 months, progressionfree survival, response rate, duration of response, and overall survival in subjects with relapse [ Time Frame: Two years ]
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Dose-Escalation Study of TH-302 in Combination With Doxorubicin to Treat Patients With Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma
A Phase 1/2, Multicenter, Dose-Escalation Study to Determine the Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of TH-302 in Combination With Doxorubicin in Patients With Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma
The purpose of this study is to determine whether TH-302 in combination with Doxorubicin is safe and effective in the treatment of Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma.

A broad range of tumors have been shown to contain significant numbers of hypoxic cells and hypoxia has been shown to be associated with a poor prognosis and an increase in resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy (Brizel 1997, Vaupel 2007, Shannon 2003).

It is likely that an agent that could effectively target hypoxic regions in tumors would improve efficacy when combined with standard chemotherapy or radiotherapy. TH-302 is activated at lower oxygen concentrations than other bioreductive prodrugs (Duan 2008) and tirapazamine, a hypoxic cytotoxin that has been extensively studied in both preclinical and clinical studies. This should result in an improved therapeutic ratio (tumor vs normal tissue toxicity) as compared with other bioreductive agents. Because TH-302 is expected to be minimally toxic to aerobic cancer cells, optimal efficacy would be expected when TH-302 is combined with treatments that are most effective under aerobic conditions such as radiotherapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy. Preclinical data have shown at least additive efficacy when TH-302 is combined with chemotherapy. In order to minimize the risk of additive toxicity, TH-302 is not being evaluated in combination with alkylating agents. The study will enroll subjects with advanced soft tissue sarcoma. These tumors have evidence supporting the presence of hypoxia based on pO2 histography, F-MISO and gene expression profiling (Vaupel 2007, Francis 2007, Rajendran 2003).

Phase 1
Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Drug: TH-302

TH-302 will be administered by IV infusion over 30-60 minutes on Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle.

Dose escalation dose levels:

Dose level -1 (if needed): 180 mg/m2 Starting dose: 240 mg/m2

Experimental: 1
75 mg/m2 of Doxorubicin administered by bolus injection starting on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle.
Intervention: Drug: TH-302
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
October 2013
July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria

All Subjects:

  • At least 18 years of age
  • Ability to understand the purposes and risks of the study and has signed a written informed consent form approved by the investigator's IRB/Ethics Committee
  • Pathologically confirmed diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma of the following subtypes:
  • Synovial sarcoma
  • High grade fibrosarcoma
  • Unclassified, undifferentiated sarcoma
  • Liposarcoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma (excluding GIST)
  • Angiosarcoma (excluding Kaposi's sarcoma)
  • Pleomorphic sarcoma/malignant fibrous histiocytoma
  • Locally advanced unresectable or metastatic disease with no standard curative therapy available and for whom treatment with single agent doxorubicin is considered appropriate; subjects in the dose escalation cohorts must have progressed since their most recent systemic therapy
  • Recovered from reversible toxicities of prior therapy
  • Evaluable disease by RECIST criteria (at least one target or non-target lesion for dose escalation cohorts; at least 1 target lesion for dose expansion cohort)
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Acceptable liver function:
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Acceptable renal function:
  • Serum creatinine within normal limits
  • Acceptable hematologic status (without hematologic support):
  • ANC ≥ 1500 cells/μL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  • Acceptable cardiac function:
  • Normal 12-lead ECG (clinically insignificant abnormalities permitted)
  • LVEF normal by MUGA or echocardiogram
  • Urinalysis: No clinically significant abnormalities
  • All women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test and all subjects must agree to use effective means of contraception (surgical sterilization or the use or barrier contraception with either a condom or diaphragm in conjunction with spermicidal gel or an IUD) with their partner from entry into the study through 6 months after the last dose

Exclusion Criteria

Prior therapy:

  • Dose escalation cohort: Prior treatment with more than 2 myelosuppressive cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens
  • Expanded cohort: Prior systemic therapy for advanced disease (neoadjuvant and adjuvant permitted)
  • Low grade tumors according to standard grading systems (eg AJCC Grade 1 and 2)
  • Prior therapy with ifosfamide or cyclophosphamide
  • Prior therapy with an anthracycline or anthracenedione
  • Prior mediastinal/cardiac radiotherapy
  • Current use of drugs with known cardiotoxicity or known interactions with doxorubicin (see product label)
  • Anticancer treatment with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapies (erlotinib, lapatinib, etc.), immunotherapy, hormones or other antitumor therapies within 4 weeks prior to study entry (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C)
  • Significant cardiac dysfunction:
  • Any history of congestive heart failure
  • Any history of transmural myocardial infarction
  • Uncontrolled arrhythmias within the past 6 months
  • Angina pectoris requiring antianginal medication within the past 6 months
  • Clinically significant valvular heart disease
  • Poorly controlled hypertension within the last 6 months
  • Seizure disorders requiring anticonvulsant therapy
  • Known brain metastases (unless previously treated and well controlled for a period of ≥ 3 months) Previously treated malignancies, except for adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cancer, or other cancer from which the subject has been disease-free for at least 5 years
  • Severe chronic obstructive or other pulmonary disease with hypoxemia (requires supplementary oxygen, symptoms due to hypoxemia or oxygen saturation <90% by pulse oximetry after a 2 minute walk) or in the opinion of the investigator any physiological state likely to cause normal tissue hypoxia
  • Major surgery, other than diagnostic surgery, within 4 weeks prior to Day 1, without complete recovery
  • Active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, requiring systemic therapy
  • Prior therapy with an hypoxic cytotoxin
  • Subjects who participated in an investigational drug or device study within 28 days prior to study entry
  • Known infection with HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C
  • Subjects who have exhibited allergic reactions to a structural compound, biological agent, or formulation (containing solutol and/or propylene glycol) similar to TH-302
  • Females who are pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Concomitant disease or condition that could interfere with the conduct of the study, or that would, in the opinion of the investigator, pose an unacceptable risk to the subject in this study
  • Unwillingness or inability to comply with the study protocol for any reason
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Threshold Pharmaceuticals
Threshold Pharmaceuticals
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Kristen Ganjoo, MD Stanford University
Threshold Pharmaceuticals
September 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP