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A Study to Determine if Carbon Dioxide Lavage During Total Knee Surgery Reduces Intraoperative Embolic Events

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00736125
First Posted: August 15, 2008
Last Update Posted: April 19, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
VA Office of Research and Development
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kinamed Incorporated
August 14, 2008
August 15, 2008
March 5, 2013
April 18, 2013
April 19, 2013
December 2007
September 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The Number of Cerebral Emboli During Surgery as Measured by Transcranial Doppler (TCD) [ Time Frame: During surgery ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00736125 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Number of Patients With Emboli in the High Category [ Time Frame: During surgery ]
  • Changes in Neurocognitive Tests Following Surgery [ Time Frame: 2 weeks prior to 1 year following surgery ]
  • Delirium During Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: First 3 days after surgery ]
  • Changes in Pulmonary and Renal Function [ Time Frame: Within 3 days after surgery ]
  • Cardiac Injury [ Time Frame: Within 3 days after surgery ]
  • Systemic Inflammatory Response (SIRS) Markers [ Time Frame: Within 72 hours after surgery ]
  • Biomarkers of Neuronal Damage [ Time Frame: Within 72 hours after surgery ]
  • The number and size of emboli identified in the right and left heart as measured by TEE [ Time Frame: During surgery ]
  • Changes in Neurocognitive Tests Following Surgery [ Time Frame: 2 weeks prior to 1 year following surgery ]
  • Delirium During Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: First 3 days after surgery ]
  • Changes in Pulmonary and Renal Function [ Time Frame: Within 3 days after surgery ]
  • Cardiac Injury [ Time Frame: Within 3 days after surgery ]
  • Systemic Inflammatory Response (SIRS) Markers [ Time Frame: Within 72 hours after surgery ]
  • Biomarkers of Neuronal Damage [ Time Frame: Within 72 hours after surgery ]
  • Depth of cement penetration under the tibial prosthesis as measured on standard, blinded, routine post-operative radiographs of the knee [ Time Frame: Within the first 30 days after surgery ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Study to Determine if Carbon Dioxide Lavage During Total Knee Surgery Reduces Intraoperative Embolic Events
A Comparison of Intraoperative Embolic Events During Total Knee Arthroplasty Performed With CarboJet Assisted Versus Standard Orthopedic Techniques: A Pilot Study
The purpose of this study is to determine if the use of a carbon dioxide lavage device (CarboJet) to clean bone surfaces during total knee surgery decreases intraoperative embolic events when compared with standard orthopedic techniques.

Elderly patients undergoing major, orthopedic surgery are at risk of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) or memory impairment following surgery. Transcranial doppler (TCD) monitoring of blood flow to the brain has detected cerebral emboli in 60% of patients following release of the thigh tourniquet during total knee replacement or arthroplasty (TKA). These cerebral embolic events may represent one of the mechanisms responsible for postoperative cognitive problems.

The standard surgical technique for TKA involves cleaning the bone surfaces with pulsed saline lavage prior to cementation and prosthesis insertion. The CarboJet Assisted technique utilizes carbon dioxide lavage to clean and dry the femur canal and bone surfaces prior to cementation and implantation. Because it removes fat globules and marrow particulates from the bone surfaces, it is hypothesized that the use of a carbon dioxide lavage technique in TKA will result in fewer thromboembolic events and increased cement penetration compared with the standard technique using pulsed saline lavage. Cement penetration affects the strength of the bone-cement interface and, therefore, contributes to implant longevity.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Memory Disorders
  • Device: pulsatile saline lavage
    Prior to cement application, cut bone surfaces are cleaned using pulsatile saline lavage
  • Device: carbon dioxide lavage
    Prior to cement application, cut bone surfaces are cleaned using carbon dioxide lavage
  • Active Comparator: 1
    Intervention: Device: pulsatile saline lavage
  • Active Comparator: 2
    Intervention: Device: carbon dioxide lavage
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
20
March 2011
September 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult patients aged 50 years or older who are scheduled for elective TKA with a cemented Smith and Nephew Prosthesis design

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Dementia or severe cognitive impairment
  • Severe visual or hearing impairments
  • Inability to follow directions or comprehend the English language
  • Females who are pregnant
  • Abnormal distal femur geometry
  • Pre-existing hardware or abnormal bony architecture in the proximal tibia
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00736125
01226
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Kinamed Incorporated
Kinamed Incorporated
VA Office of Research and Development
Principal Investigator: Terri G Monk, MD Duke University
Kinamed Incorporated
April 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP