Natural History and Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Graft-versus-Host Disease
|First Submitted Date||July 25, 2008|
|First Posted Date||July 28, 2008|
|Last Update Posted Date||October 6, 2017|
|Start Date||July 23, 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00723593 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Natural History and Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Graft-versus-Host Disease|
|Official Title||Natural History and Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Graft Versus Host Disease|
This study will determine the best location to biopsy the gastrointestinal (GI) tract for early and accurate diagnosis of GI graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD). (A biopsy is the surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for examination under the microscope.) GVHD is a life-threatening complication of stem cell transplantation in which the donor s immune cells destroy the patient s healthy tissues. It most commonly affects the skin, liver and GI tract. This study will establish where to best biopsy tissue from the GI tract and study the tissue to try to explore how GI GVD occurs and how it may be possible to better diagnose and treat it.
Patients 18 years of age and older who have undergone or are who will undergo stem cell transplantation and who are at high risk for developing GI GVHD may be eligible for this study. Participants may enter the study before the transplant procedure or later if they develop GVHD symptoms.
Participants undergo the following tests and procedures:
I. Before starting conditioning chemotherapy or radiation therapy for the transplantation
II. Two to 3 weeks after conditioning regimen
III. 30, 45, 60 and 90 days after transplantation
IV. After completing the tests in part II and at the appearance of GI symptoms suspected to be due to GVHD
V. Two weeks after starting therapy in patients diagnosed with GVHD
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) affects up to 70% of patients who undergo stem cell transplantation. GVHD is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and commonly affects the skin, liver, and gastrointestinal (GI) system. Gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of GVHD include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In patients with GI GVHD, the extent of gut involvement and its relationship to underlying symptoms is unclear. Furthermore, diagnosis requires histologic evaluation that entails cumbersome invasive endoscopic procedures for tissue procurement. Histologic findings that support this diagnosis are nonspecific and have poor sensitivity and specificity. Treatment of GI GVHD is also nonspecific, and has many systemic side effects that account for a large portion of associated morbidity and mortality.
Such uncertainties regarding the diagnosis and treatment of GI GVHD stem from a lack of understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease. Cytokines produced by T lymphocytes, mononuclear phagocytes, and natural killer cells have been shown to play an integral role in the regulation of tissue damage. Human studies performed to date have examined peripheral blood cytokines, but results have been conflicting and with little clinical correlation. Current analysis of gut tissue has been limited mostly to animal subjects with little correlation to humans.
The primary objective of this study is to identify areas of the GI tract to be biopsied that would achieve the highest yield for the diagnosis of GI GVHD. This will be accomplished by performing esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, and ileoscopy in all post transplant patients with GI symptoms, suspected to be due to GVHD. Endoscopic biopsies will be evaluated by a single designated GI pathologist to make the diagnosis of GVHD. A novel application of a quantitative histological apoptotic assay will be evaluated in a blinded fashion for its diagnostic utility. A GVHD diagnostic yield rate for each area of the GI tract will be the primary outcome measure.
Other biopsies obtained at baseline, following the conditioning regimen as well as before and after therapy for GI GVHD will be used to achieve the secondary objective of understanding the immune response underlying GI GVHD. A comprehensive evaluation of the inflammatory milieu of gut tissues will be achieved using immunohistochemistry and flow cytometric immunophenotyping of mucosal mononuclear cells and microarray, qRT-PCR and ELISA of mucosal cytokines. Other secondary objectives include the evaluation of serum proteomic pattern analysis, serum citrulline, fecal calprotectin and 18F-FDG PET/CT for the noninvasive diagnosis of GI GVHD.
Better understanding of the pathophysiology of GI GVHD will allow us to develop more focused and effective diagnostic and therapeutic options that are less invasive and have fewer systemic side effects leading to reduced morbidity and mortality.
|Study Design||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Estimated Completion Date||February 4, 2013|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
All patients 18 years or older who have undergone or plan to undergo any type of allogeneic bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplant. (This will be coordinated with all different institutes at NIH to involve patients who participate in NIH affiliated protocols.)
|Ages||18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||Not Provided|
|Removed Location Countries||United States|
|Other Study ID Numbers||080187
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||February 4, 2013|