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Nutritional Supplements and Hormonal Manipulations for Breast Cancer Prevention

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified January 2013 by Milton S. Hershey Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Andrea Manni, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Identifier:
First received: July 24, 2008
Last updated: January 30, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

July 24, 2008
January 30, 2013
March 2009
October 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
breast density [ Time Frame: baseline, q6 months for two years ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00723398 on Archive Site
  • biomarkers of oxidative stress (Urinary 8-(isoprostane) F-2α and 8OHdG, Lymphocyte 8-OHdG, DNA etheno adducts) [ Time Frame: baseline, q6 months for two years ]
  • Urinary 2-OHE1, 4-OHE1, and 16α-OHE1 [ Time Frame: baseline, q6 months for two years ]
  • Serum level of C-reactive protein and IL-6 [ Time Frame: baseline, q6 months for two years ]
  • Serum level of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 [ Time Frame: baseline, q6 months for two years ]
  • lipid panel and complete blood count [ Time Frame: yearly ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Nutritional Supplements and Hormonal Manipulations for Breast Cancer Prevention
Combination of Low Dose Antiestrogens With Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Prevention of Hormone-independent Breast Cancer
The overall hypothesis is that the combination of a low dose of the antiestrogen Raloxifene with omega-3 fatty acids will exert a synergistic breast cancer chemopreventive effect due to the crosstalk of their downstream cellular effects leading to decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis of premalignant mammary cells. Based on the investigators hypothesis that upregulation of functional estrogen receptors in the premalignant lesions is also responsible for the development of hormone independent tumors, the investigators postulate that the combination of antiestrogens and omega-3 fatty acids will reduce the development of both hormone-dependent and -independent tumors. At present, there are no known interventions able to decrease the development of hormone-independent tumors, which are more prevalent, more aggressive, leading to the patient's demise. In addition, the investigators postulate that this approach will be safe since it will combine a lower and hence a less toxic dose of Raloxifene with the administration of omega-3 fatty acids which are known to have health benefits, i.e., reduction in cardiovascular risk, beyond their possible chemo preventive effect in breast cancer.

The main objectives of this study are to determine the individual and combined effects of Raloxifene and omega-3 fatty acids on surrogate markers of breast cancer development in healthy, postmenopausal women. The primary endpoint will be mammographic density for which the study has been powered. Breast density is a major risk factor for breast cancer and hence it is chosen to evaluate the potential chemopreventive efficacy of our interventions. Secondary endpoints would include markers of oxidative stress, parameters of estrogen metabolism, markers of inflammation, and markers of IGF-I signaling, all of which have been shown in the literature to have an influence on mammary carcinogenesis.

Study Population: Healthy, postmenopausal women between the ages of 35-70 years, undergoing yearly mammograms as part of routine screening practice.

Method of Identification of Subjects/Samples/Medical Records: Women reporting for yearly mammograms will be considered for this protocol. They will be given first a screening questionnaire to rule out any co-existing medical condition that would predispose them to thromboembolic events.

Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Breast Cancer
  • Dietary Supplement: Lovaza
    dietary supplement
    Other Name: fish oil
  • Drug: Raloxifene
    60 mg orally every day for two years
    Other Name: Evista
  • Drug: Raloxifene 30 mg
    30 mg orally daily for two years
    Other Name: Evista
  • Drug: Lovaza plus Raloxifene
    Lovaza 4 gm daily plus Raloxifene 30 mg daily for two years
    Other Name: fish oil, Evista
  • No Intervention: 1
  • Experimental: 2
    Raloxifene 60 mg
    Intervention: Drug: Raloxifene
  • Experimental: 3
    Raloxifene 30 mg
    Intervention: Drug: Raloxifene 30 mg
  • Experimental: 4
    Lovaza 4 gm
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Lovaza
  • Experimental: 5
    Lovaza 4 gm plus Raloxifene 30 mg
    Intervention: Drug: Lovaza plus Raloxifene
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
October 2013
October 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Postmenopausal status defined as history of at least 12 months without spontaneous menstrual bleeding or a documented hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy
  • Breast density greater than 25%
  • No hormone replacement therapy for at least six months prior to entry into this study
  • Non-smokers.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of stroke, pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis
  • History of atherosclerotic heart disease
  • Presence of any known hypercoagulable state either congenital (e.g., protein S deficiency) or acquired (e.g., corticosteroid treatment)
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (BP ≥140/90)
  • Presence of a psychiatric condition that would interfere with adherence to the protocol.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
35 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Andrea Manni, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Andrea Manni, MD Penn State University
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
January 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP