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Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant, Cyclophosphamide, Fludarabine, and Total-Body Irradiation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00719888
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 22, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 19, 2008
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 22, 2008
Last Update Posted Date July 10, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE November 18, 2005
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 10, 2017)
Overall survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
A non-statistical comparison with historical controls will be made. Monitoring will take place separately for the single and double umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) cohorts.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 19, 2008)
Overall survival at 1-year
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00719888 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 13, 2019)
  • Change in level of chimerism at multiple time points [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years ]
    Cumulative incidence estimates will be used.
  • Incidence of transplant-related mortality [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    Monitoring will take place separately for the single and double UCBT cohorts.
  • Incidence of neutrophil engraftment [ Time Frame: At day 42 ]
    Monitoring will take place separately for the single and double UCBT cohorts.
  • Incidence of platelet recovery [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    Monitoring will take place separately for the single and double UCBT cohorts.
  • Incidence of grade II-IV and III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) [ Time Frame: At day 100 ]
    Patients will be assigned an overall GVHD score based on extent of skin rash, volume of diarrhea and maximum bilirubin level. Monitoring will take place separately for the single and double UCBT cohorts.
  • Incidence of chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Patients will be assigned an overall GVHD score based on extent of skin rash, volume of diarrhea and maximum bilirubin level.
  • Incidence of clinically significant infections [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Monitoring will take place separately for the single and double UCBT cohorts.
  • Incidence of relapse [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Cumulative incidence estimates will be used to summarize the time-to-event outcomes.
  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    A non-statistical comparison with historical controls will be made. Cumulative incidence estimates will be used to summarize the time-to-event outcomes. Monitoring will take place separately for the single and double UCBT cohorts.
  • Single unit umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplants with historical controls [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Single unit UCB transplants with historical controls will be compared.
  • Single unit UCB transplants with double unit UCB transplants [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Single unit UCB transplants with double unit UCB transplants will be compared.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 19, 2008)
  • Transplant-related mortality at 6 months
  • Chimerism at multiple time points
  • Neutrophil engraftment at day 42
  • Platelet recovery at 6 months
  • Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
  • Chronic GVHD
  • Clinically significant infections at multiple time points
  • Relapse at 1 and 2 years
  • Progression-free survival at 1 and 2 years
  • Comparison of single unit UCB transplants with historical controls
  • Comparison of single unit UCB transplants with double unit UCB transplants
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant, Cyclophosphamide, Fludarabine, and Total-Body Irradiation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Disease
Official Title  ICMJE Transplantation of Umbilical Cord Blood for Patients With Hematological Diseases With Cyclophosphamide/Fludarabine/Total Body Irradiation or Cyclophosphamide/Fludarabine/Thiotepa/Total Body Irradiation Myeloablative Preparative Regimen
Brief Summary This phase II trial studies how well giving an umbilical cord blood transplant together with cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and total-body irradiation (TBI) works in treating patients with hematologic disease. Giving chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, and TBI before a donor umbilical cord blood transplant helps stop the growth of cancer and abnormal cells and helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil after transplant may stop this from happening.
Detailed Description

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive myeloablative conditioning comprising fludarabine intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -8 to -6, cyclophosphamide IV on days -7 and -6, and undergo high-dose TBI twice daily (BID) on days -4 to -1. Patients then undergo single- or double-unit UCBT on day 0. Patients then undergo single- or double-unit UCBT on day 0.

ARM II: Patients receive myeloablative conditioning comprising fludarabine IV over 30-60 minutes on days -6 to -2, cyclophosphamide IV on day -6, thiotepa IV over 4 hours on days -5 and -4, and middle-intensity TBI once daily (QD) on days -2 and -1. Patients then undergo single- or double-unit UCBT on day 0.

Patients receive GVHD prophylaxis comprising cyclosporine IV over 1 hour every 8 or 12 hours, then cyclosporine orally (PO) (if tolerated), on days -3 to 100 with taper on day 101. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV every 8 hours on days 0 to 7 and then PO (if tolerated) three times daily (TID) on days 8-30. Mycophenolate mofetil is tapered to BID on day 30 or 7 days after engraftment if there is no acute GVHD, and then tapered over 2-3 weeks beginning on day 45 (or 15 days after engraftment if engraftment occurred > day 30) after engraftment if there continues to be no evidence of acute GVHD.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Acute Biphenotypic Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
  • Ann Arbor Stage I Burkitt Lymphoma
  • Ann Arbor Stage I Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Ann Arbor Stage II Burkitt Lymphoma
  • Blasts Under 5 Percent of Bone Marrow Nucleated Cells
  • Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Positive
  • Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
  • Mantle Cell Lymphoma
  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Pancytopenia
  • Plasma Cell Myeloma
  • Prolymphocytic Leukemia
  • Recurrent Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Recurrent Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Positive
  • Recurrent Follicular Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
  • Ann Arbor Stage II Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Ann Arbor Stage III Burkitt Lymphoma
  • Ann Arbor Stage III Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Ann Arbor Stage IV Burkitt Lymphoma
  • Ann Arbor Stage IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • High Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Progressive Disease
  • Refractory Anemia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
    • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
    • Carloxan
    • Ciclofosfamida
    • Ciclofosfamide
    • Cicloxal
    • Clafen
    • Claphene
    • CP monohydrate
    • CTX
    • CYCLO-cell
    • Cycloblastin
    • Cycloblastine
    • Cyclophospham
    • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
    • Cyclophosphamidum
    • Cyclophosphan
    • Cyclophosphane
    • Cyclophosphanum
    • Cyclostin
    • Cyclostine
    • Cytophosphan
    • Cytophosphane
    • Cytoxan
    • Fosfaseron
    • Genoxal
    • Genuxal
    • Ledoxina
    • Mitoxan
    • Neosar
    • Revimmune
    • Syklofosfamid
    • WR- 138719
  • Drug: Cyclosporine
    Given IV and PO
    Other Names:
    • 27-400
    • Ciclosporin
    • CsA
    • Cyclosporin
    • Cyclosporin A
    • Gengraf
    • Neoral
    • OL 27-400
    • Sandimmun
    • Sandimmune
    • SangCya
  • Procedure: Double-Unit Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation
    Undergo double-unit UCBT
  • Drug: Fludarabine
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • 118218
    • Fluorovidarabine
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
    Given IV and PO
    Other Names:
    • Cellcept
    • MMF
  • Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
    Undergo high-dose or moderate-intensity TBI
    Other Names:
    • Total Body Irradiation
    • Whole-Body Irradiation
  • Procedure: Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation
    Undergo UCBT
    Other Names:
    • Cord Blood Transplantation
    • UCB transplantation
  • Drug: Thiotepa
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • 1,1',1"-phosphinothioylidynetrisaziridine
    • 1,1',1''-Phosphinothioyldynetrisaziridine
    • 52-24-4
    • 6396
    • Girostan
    • Triethylenethiophosphoramide
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Treatment (myeloablative UCBT)

    Patients receive myeloablative conditioning comprising fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -8 to -6, cyclophosphamide IV on days -7 and -6, and undergo high-dose TBI BID on days -4 to -1. Patients then undergo single- or double-unit UCBT on day 0.

    Patients receive GVHD prophylaxis comprising cyclosporine IV over 1 hour every 8 or 12 hours, then cyclosporine PO (if tolerated), on days -3 to 100 with taper on day 101. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV every 8 hours on days 0 to 7 and then PO (if tolerated) TID on days 8-30. Mycophenolate mofetil is tapered to BID on day 30 or 7 days after engraftment if there is no acute GVHD, and then tapered over 2-3 weeks beginning on day 45 (or 15 days after engraftment if engraftment occurred > day 30) after engraftment if there continues to be no evidence of acute GVHD.

    Interventions:
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Cyclosporine
    • Procedure: Double-Unit Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation
    • Drug: Fludarabine
    • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    • Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
    • Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
    • Procedure: Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation
  • Experimental: Arm II (myeloablative UCBT)

    Patients receive myeloablative conditioning comprising fludarabine IV over 30-60 minutes on days -6 to -2, cyclophosphamide IV on day -6, thiotepa IV over 4 hours on days -5 and -4, and middle-intensity TBI QD on days -2 and -1. Patients then undergo single- or double-unit UCBT on day 0.

    Patients receive GVHD prophylaxis comprising cyclosporine IV over 1 hour every 8 or 12 hours, then cyclosporine PO (if tolerated), on days -3 to 100 with taper on day 101. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV every 8 hours on days 0 to 7 and then PO (if tolerated) TID on days 8-30. Mycophenolate mofetil is tapered to BID on day 30 or 7 days after engraftment if there is no acute GVHD, and then tapered over 2-3 weeks beginning on day 45 (or 15 days after engraftment if engraftment occurred > day 30) after engraftment if there continues to be no evidence of acute GVHD.

    Interventions:
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Cyclosporine
    • Procedure: Double-Unit Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation
    • Drug: Fludarabine
    • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    • Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
    • Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
    • Procedure: Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation
    • Drug: Thiotepa
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 7, 2018)
135
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 19, 2008)
60
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • GRAFT CRITERIA:

    • UCB units will be selected according to current umbilical cord blood graft selection algorithm; one or 2 UCB units may be used to achieve the required cell dose
    • The UCB graft is matched at 4-6 human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A, B, DRB1 antigens with the recipient; this may include 0-2 antigen mismatches at the A or B or DRB1 loci; unit selection based on cryopreserved nucleated cell dose and HLA-A,B, DRB1 using intermediate resolution A, B antigen and DRB1 allele typing
    • If 2 UCB units are required to reach the target cell dose, each unit must be a 4-6 antigen match to the recipient
  • Age and Disease Criteria:

    • High-dose TBI regimen: 6 months to =< 45 years
    • Middle-intensity TBI regimen: 6 months to =< 65 years
    • Conditioning regimen selection should be based on the underlying disease, presence of minimum residual disease (MRD), age, co-morbidities, and attending physician
  • Acute myeloid leukemia, including biphenotypic acute leukemia or mixed-lineage leukemia:

    • All patients must be in complete remission (CR) as defined by hematologic recovery and < 5% blasts by morphology/flow cytometry in a representative bone marrow sample with cellularity >= 15% for age; patients who do not have high-risk features (for example preceding myelodysplastic syndrome [MDS], high-risk cytogenetics, >= 2 cycles to obtain CR, erythroblastic or megakaryocytic leukemia or >= CR2) must be discussed with the principal investigator (PI) prior to enrollment and at the Patient Care Conference or equivalent group such as the pediatric leukemia board as an alternative
    • Patients in whom adequate marrow/biopsy specimens cannot be obtained to determine remission status by morphologic assessment, but have fulfilled criteria of remission by flow cytometry, recovery of peripheral blood counts with no circulating blasts, and/or normal cytogenetics (if applicable) may still be eligible; reasonable attempts must be made to obtain an adequate specimen for morphologic assessment, including possible repeat procedures; these patients must be discussed with the PI prior to enrollment; patients persistently aplastic for greater than one month since completing last chemotherapy are also eligible with PI approval
  • Very high risk pediatric/young adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML): Patients =< 25 years, however, are eligible with (M2 marrow) with =< 25% blasts in marrow after having failed one or more cycles of chemotherapy; this group of patients will be analyzed separately
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, including biphenotypic acute leukemia or mixed-lineage leukemia:

    • All patients must be in CR as defined by < 5% blasts by morphology; flow cytometry in a representative bone marrow sample with cellularity >= 15% for age; patients who do not have high-risk disease (high risk CR1, greater than one cycle to obtain CR or >= CR2) must be discussed with the PI prior to enrollment and at the Patient Care Conference or equivalent group such as the pediatric leukemia board as an alternative
    • Patients in whom adequate marrow/biopsy specimens cannot be obtained to determine remission status by morphologic assessment, but have fulfilled criteria of remission by flow cytometry, recovery of peripheral blood counts with no circulating blasts, and/or normal cytogenetics (if applicable) may still be eligible; reasonable attempts must be made to obtain an adequate specimen for morphologic assessment, including possible repeat procedures; these patients must be discussed with the principal investigator Ann Dahlberg prior to enrollment; patients persistently aplastic for greater than one month since completing last chemotherapy are also eligible with PI approval
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia excluding refractory blast crisis; to be eligible in first chronic phase (CP1) patient must have failed or be intolerant to imatinib mesylate
  • Advanced myelofibrosis
  • Myelodysplasia (MDS) International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) intermediate (Int)-2 or high risk (i.e., refractory anemia with excess blasts [RAEB], RAEB in transformation [RAEBt]) or refractory anemia with severe pancytopenia or high risk cytogenetics; blasts must be < 10% by a representative bone marrow aspirate morphology
  • Lymphoblastic lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, and other high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) after initial therapy if stage III/IV in first partial response (PR1) or after progression if stage I/II < 1 year; stage III/IV patients are eligible after progression in CR/PR
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia /small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma or follicular lymphoma that have progressed after at least two different prior therapies; patients with bulky disease (nodal mass greater than 5 cm) should be considered for debulking chemotherapy before transplant; these patients must be presented at primary care center (PCC) prior to enrollment, given potential competing eligibility on autotransplant protocols
  • Mantle-cell lymphoma, prolymphocytic leukemia: Eligible after initial therapy in >= CR1 or >= PR1
  • Large cell NHL > CR2/> second partial response (PR2):

    • Patients in CR2/PR2 with initial short remission (< 6 months) are eligible
    • These patients must be presented at PCC prior to enrollment, given potential competing eligibility on autotransplant protocols
  • Multiple myeloma beyond PR2: Patients with chromosome 13 abnormalities, first response lasting less than 6 months, or beta-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L, may be considered for this protocol after initial therapy
  • Performance status score: Karnofsky (for adults) >= 70% or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-1 or Lansky (for children) >= 50%
  • Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL (for adults) or creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min (for children)
  • Patients with clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease will be evaluated for the cause of liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function, histology, and the degree of portal hypertension; patients with fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis with evidence of portal hypertension or bridging fibrosis, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, a history of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, or correctable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dL, and symptomatic biliary disease will be excluded
  • Diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide corrected (DLCOcorr) > 50% normal or a pediatric patient who is unable to perform pulmonary function tests (PFTs) but has adequate pulmonary function
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction > 45% or shortening fraction > 26%

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled viral or bacterial infection at the time of study enrollment
  • Active or recent (prior 6 month) invasive fungal infection without interdisciplinary (ID) consult and approval
  • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Chemotherapy refractory large cell and high grade NHL (i.e., progressive disease after > 2 salvage regimens)
  • Patients with history of prior myeloablative transplant containing full dose TBI (greater than 8 gray [Gy]) will not be eligible for Regimen A; however, they may still enroll on Regimen B if they otherwise meet inclusion and exclusion criteria
  • Any prior myeloablative transplant within the last 6 months
  • Patients >= 45 years: comorbidity score of 5 or higher
  • Patients who have received Y-90 ibritumomab (Zevalin) or I-131 tostumomab (Bexxar), as part of their salvage therapy are not eligible for Regimen A
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 6 Months to 45 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00719888
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2010.00
NCI-2010-00190 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
FHCRC 2010.00
Protocol 2010
2010
2010.00 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
RG2807002 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Ann Dahlberg Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
PRS Account Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Verification Date July 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP