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Target Dosing of Docetaxel Through Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Optimisation of the First Chemotherapeutic Cycle

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00703378
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 23, 2008
Last Update Posted : March 28, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Haematology-Oncology, National University Hospital, Singapore

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 20, 2008
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 23, 2008
Last Update Posted Date March 28, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2012)
change in neutrophil counts and docetaxel AUC [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
. Based on maximal acceptable toxicity, expressed as the reduction in neutrophil count, the corresponding breakpoint for AUC will be identified as the PK target. Both linear regression and nonlinear mixed effects modeling will be employed to establish a relationship between docetaxel CL and demographic, phenotypic and pathophysiological factors.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00703378 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2012)
Pharmacokinetic sampling of docetaxel serum concentrations [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
Pharmacokinetic sampling of docetaxel serum concentrations will be carried out around the first course of docetaxel administration of both cycles 1a and 1b of the chemotherapy regimen. The time points elected for docetaxel sampling are: 0h (baseline), 15mins, 1.5h, 3h, 4h, 6h and 24h.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Target Dosing of Docetaxel Through Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Optimisation of the First Chemotherapeutic Cycle
Official Title  ICMJE Target Dosing of Docetaxel Through Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Optimisation of the First Chemotherapeutic Cycle
Brief Summary

Primary Objective

1. To develop a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PD) model for optimisation of docetaxel dosing

Secondary Objectives

  1. To establish an exposure-toxicity (neutropenia) relationship for docetaxel
  2. To determine the exposure breakpoint for docetaxel toxicity based on a neutropenia PD model
  3. To identify demographic, pathophysiological and/or phenotypic covariates predicting docetaxel clearance
  4. To prospectively validate this PK-PD model for optimisation of docetaxel dosage and determination PK variability and toxicity
Detailed Description


Poor tolerance of standard docetaxel dosage regimens used as a single agent in Asians has been clearly demonstrated by our group in 2 separate studies. Neutropenia emerged as the most prominent manifestation of chemotherapy toxicity [12, 20]. While this has been attributed to the lower docetaxel CL derived in our Asian patients, an optimal dosage regimen taking into account the extensive genetic polymorphisms associated with CYP3A4 has yet to be established. The use of ketoconazole as a potent CYP3A4 modulator to reduce pharmacokinetic variability of docetaxel did show >2-fold reduction in docetaxel dosage, but inter-individual variability in CL was not significantly reduced. There was also poor correlation of docetaxel CL to midazolam phenotyping of CYP3A4 with the addition of ketoconazole to the regimen [23]. Since the use of an additional modulator failed to achieve the desired reduction in pharmacokinetic variability, the idea of using low-dose docetaxel to predict its own pharmacokinetic parameters appeared feasible, safe and an appealing approach.

The more acute toxicities of docetaxel, such as neutropenia, stomatitis, neurological toxicities and fluid retention are more frequently associated with the 3 weekly than weekly dosing schedule. This study is designed so that the less toxic weekly schedule is used for PK/PD correlation. This information would be utilized to derive an optimal dosage for the 3 weekly regimen that follows since cumulative myelosuppression was not observed with previous weekly docetaxel for metastatic breast cancer [31].

Currently patients with impaired liver function manifested by elevated baseline ALT/AST more than 1.5 more than the institutional limits of normal are not treated with the recommended dose of docetaxel because of impaired clearance of docetaxel. Theoretically, these patients may benefit from docetaxel treatment, but the dose will need to be individualized based on hepatic drug clearance to avoid toxicity. To determine the clinical usefulness of our strategy of predicting docetaxel clearance and individualised dosing based on clearance and a PD model, patients with a certain extent of liver dysfunction will be included into the study. They will be divided into 3 groups according to the level of AST/ALT and SAP, total bilirubin, and initial weekly doses as well as q3weekly doses will be lower than the recommended doses for patients with normal liver function. Previous investigators have reported the feasibility of using the erythromycin breath test as an in vivo probe for CYP3A activity and docetaxel clearance in patients with liver dysfunction (Baker SD et al Evaluation of CYP3A activity as a predictor covariate for docetaxel clearance Proceedings of ASCO 2004; 128: 2006abs).

2.4 Hypothesis

The hypothesis for this study is that PK/PD guided dosing of docetaxel will reduce the variability in docetaxel PK while achieving the maximum exposure desired within acceptable limits of toxicity. At this juncture, this is a novel approach in oncology to fully exploit the potential of using low-dose docetaxel as its own probe drug to individualise and optimise dosage for subsequent chemotherapy treatment without having to use other agents to modulate or predict drug metabolism and clearance.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Solid Tumors
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Docetaxel (Taxotere®)
Phase 1 Cycle 1 and 2 Patients in group 1 receive 40mg/m2/week of docetaxel in a 1-hour infusion. Patients in group 2 receive 30mg/m2/week of docetaxel in a 1-hour infusion. Patients in group 3 receive 20mg/m2/week of docetaxel in a 1-hour infusion.
Other Name: Taxotere®
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Group 1
    Group 1: normal liver function
    Intervention: Drug: Docetaxel (Taxotere®)
  • Experimental: Group 2
    Group 2: AST and/or ALT up to 1-5 x upper limit of normal; SAP 1- 5x upper limit of normal, total bilirubin within normal limits
    Intervention: Drug: Docetaxel (Taxotere®)
  • Experimental: Group 3
    Group 3: Any SAP and AST/ALT >5-10 x upper limit of normal and/or total bilirubin 1-1.5 x upper limit of normal
    Intervention: Drug: Docetaxel (Taxotere®)
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2012)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have histologically confirmed malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable and for which docetaxel is indicated.
  2. Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease.
  3. With the exception of alopecia, fatigue, nausea and asthenia, patients must have resolution of all acute toxic effects of any prior surgery' radiotherapy or chemotherapy to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria version 3.0 (see Appendix A) grade < 1.
  4. Patients must have ECOG performance status < 2 (Karnofsky >60%, see Appendix B).
  5. Patients must have a life expectancy of greater than 3 months.
  6. Patients must have normal renal and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥3,000/μl
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/μl
    • platelets ≥100,000/μl
    • haemoglobin ≥7g/dL
    • creatinine ≤1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  7. Patients with abnormal liver function tests (AST/ALT ≤ 10 x institutional upper limits of normal; SAP < 5x ULN; total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x ULN) will be eligible for enrolment.
  8. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Females with childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7days prior to study enrollment. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  9. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  2. Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  3. Patients who have rapidly progressive intracranial or spinal metastatic disease (including patients who require corticosteroid for CNS disease).
  4. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to docetaxel or other agents used in study.
  5. Patients who have prior medications known to be metabolized by or induce/inhibit CYP3A4 within 1 week (see appendix C).
  6. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  7. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because docetaxel is embryotoxic/fetotoxic with the potential for abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with docetaxel, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with docetaxel. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Singapore
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00703378
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE PK01/06/05
2005/00082 ( Other Identifier: NHG Domain Specific Review Boards )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Haematology-Oncology, National University Hospital, Singapore
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National University Hospital, Singapore
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Boon Cher Goh, MBBS, MRCP National University Hospital, Singapore
PRS Account National University Hospital, Singapore
Verification Date March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP