Kaletra-isentress Treatment Evaluation (KITE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00700115
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 18, 2008
Results First Posted : October 22, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 12, 2014
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Emory University

June 16, 2008
June 18, 2008
June 7, 2012
October 22, 2013
December 12, 2014
June 2008
January 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Plasma Viral Loads (HIV-1 RNA PCR) [ Time Frame: baseline to week 48 ]
Percentage subjects with undetectable Plasma viral loads
To assess the durability of virologic suppression (proportion of patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA PCR <50 copies/ml) with LPV/r + RAL from baseline through week 48 as compared to standard HAART regimen. [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00700115 on Archive Site
To Compare Plasma Triglyceride Levels at 48 Weeks Between LPV/r + RAL and Standard HAART Treated Subjects [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
To assess the tolerability of combination therapy with LPV/r + RAL (as defined by the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events toxicity grading scale for symptoms and laboratory abnormalities) [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Kaletra-isentress Treatment Evaluation
A Pilot Study to Assess the Safety, Efficacy, and PK Profile of a Switch in Antiretroviral Therapy to a RTI Sparing Combination of LPV/r and RAL in Virologically Suppressed HIV-infected Patients

This study will examine the effectiveness and safety of raltegravir (isentress) when used together with lopinavir/ritonavir (kaletra) for the treatment of HIV-infection. Isentress is a recently, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved, HIV medication that has strong effects against the HIV virus. Isentress has been shown in other studies to be safe and well tolerated by HIV patients. Combining this drug with kaletra might enable us to construct a HIV regimen that does not include the more toxic drugs of the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor class.

Eligible volunteers will undergo the following as part of the study procedure:

  1. Sign the study consent form and the HIPAA Authorization Form.
  2. Two-third of subjects, the intervention group (selected by random chance) will have their HIV drug treatment changed to kaletra + isentress.
  3. The other one-third will continue their usual HIV medications (this will be the control group).
  4. Make 9 study related visits to the Ponce clinic during the 48 weeks study period. During these visits, medical information will be collected, and blood tests will be performed.
  5. Perform Dexa-scan on two separate occasions at Emory University Hospital Radiology.

Information collected will be used to assess the effectiveness of this treatment in keeping the HIV virus suppressed, how well these two drugs together is tolerated by HIV-infected patients, and the blood levels of these two drugs when given together.

RATIONALE: Virologic failure and adverse effects associated with current highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) warrant continuing search for novel combination therapeutic options. Raltegravir's (RAL) was recently shown to be a potent antiretroviral (ARV) agent with a favorable safety profile. If future reports continue to show positive data on this first-in-class integrase inhibitor, there may be a paradigm shift in the currently recommended first line HAART to regimens that will include integrase inhibitors.

Combining RAL with a drug that has a high genetic barrier to resistance, such as lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) may offer a number of advantages. Both agents are potent and should produce durable virologic suppression. Because their combination is reverse transcriptase inhibitor (RTI) class sparing, its tolerability might be superior. In addition, RAL is not metabolized by the cytochrome P-450 enzymes, therefore, a compatible pharmacokinetic profile is expected with this combination. Pairing LPV/r with RAL in early ARV regimens as is proposed in this application may provide a HAART regimen that is highly efficacious and durable, with less resistance and adverse drug events.

DESIGN: This is single center, open label, randomized, controlled, study designed to assess the tolerability, pharmacokinetic compatibility, and the durability of virologic suppression of the RTI sparing combination therapy of LPV/r + RAL. HIV-infected subjects who are virologically suppressed (HIV-RNA PCR < 50 copies/ml) on current HAART regimen will be randomized in a 2:1 fashion to be switched to a regimen consisting of LPV/r + RAL, intervention arm A (n=40), or to be continued on their pre-study HAART regimen, control arm B (n=20). The primary endpoint will be proportion of subjects with sustained virologic suppression (HIV-1 RNA PCR < 50 copies/ml) through week 48. The immunoreconstitution, toxicity profile, and pharmacokinetic profile of the RAL and LPV/r in this novel combination therapy will be evaluated.

DURATION: 48 weeks after the enrollment of the last participant. Enrollment is expected to take about 10 months.

SAMPLE SIZE: 60 subjects.

POPULATION: HIV-infected individuals (male and female), Age > 18 years, who are virologically suppressed (HIV-RNA PCR < 50 copies/ml) on their current HAART regimen for > 6 months.

REGIMEN: For Arm A= LPV/r 400/100 mg (2 tablets) twice daily + RAL 400 mg (1 tablet) twice daily taken by mouth. For Arm B=Pre-study HAART regimen.

Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Kaletra + Isentress
    Kaletra 400/100 mg + Isentress 400 mg BID
    Other Names:
    • Raltegravir
    • Lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Drug: Pre-study antiretroviral regimen
    Standard doses of pre-study antiretroviral regimen
    Other Name: HAART
  • Experimental: Kaletra + Isentress
    Kaletra + Isentress
    Intervention: Drug: Kaletra + Isentress
  • Active Comparator: Standard HAART
    Pre-study Antiretroviral regimen
    Intervention: Drug: Pre-study antiretroviral regimen
Ofotokun I, Sheth AN, Sanford SE, Easley KA, Shenvi N, White K, Eaton ME, Del Rio C, Lennox JL. A switch in therapy to a reverse transcriptase inhibitor sparing combination of lopinavir/ritonavir and raltegravir in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients: a pilot randomized trial to assess efficacy and safety profile: the KITE study. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2012 Oct;28(10):1196-206. Epub 2012 Apr 20.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
January 2011
January 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1-infected individuals receiving HAART regimen (if on PI-based regimen, must be 1st PI-containing HAART).
  • They must have been on and tolerating current HAART regimen for > 6-months.
  • Plasma HIV-1 viral load < 50 copies/ml at study entry.
  • Men and women age > 18 years (sex is defined as sex at birth).
  • Laboratory values obtained within 30 days prior to study entry:

    • Hemoglobin > 9.4 g/dl
    • Creatinine < 2 mg/dl
    • AST (SGOT) < 2 x ULN
    • ALT (SGPT) < 2 x ULN
  • Ability and willingness of subject or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent.
  • No CD4 T-cell counts requirement

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with a history of previous intolerance to or virological failure to LPV/r
  • Concomitant drugs (including alternative therapies) that may affect PI or RAL plasma concentrations (inducers or inhibitors of the CYP 3A4 or UDP-glucuronosyltransferase iso-enzymes).
  • A known history of noncompliance with medications or a known history of noncompliance with scheduled physician and clinic visits.
  • Investigational ARV drug.
  • Pregnancy/Breast feeding.
  • HBV-coinfected patients receiving nucleoside analogue for both HIV and HBV suppression.
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence which, in the Investigator's opinion, may interfere with adherence to study requirements or endanger subject's health while on the study.
  • Serious illness requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization within 30 days prior to the screening visit.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
KITE-6876 ( Other Identifier: Other )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Emory University
Emory University
  • Abbott
  • Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Principal Investigator: Igho Ofotokun, MD, MSc Emory University
Emory University
November 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP