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Detection of Colorectal Cancer in Peripheral Blood by Septin 9 DNA Methylation Assay

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00696345
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 12, 2008
Last Update Posted : June 17, 2008
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Epigenomics, Inc

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date June 10, 2008
First Posted Date June 12, 2008
Last Update Posted Date June 17, 2008
Study Start Date January 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2006   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Detection of Colorectal Cancer in Peripheral Blood by Septin 9 DNA Methylation Assay
Official Title Feasibility Study for Performance of Septin 9 in Plasma From Cases With Colorectal Cancer and Controls With Non-Diseased, Non-Colorectal Disease and Non-Colorectal Cancers
Brief Summary Epigenomics is developing a colon cancer screening assay based on differential methylation of specific CpG sites for the detection of early stage disease. A genome-wide methylation analysis and oligonucleotide array study using DNA from various stages of colon cancer and normal tissue have been completed to obtain candidate CpG markers. Based on results obtained in the above studies, Epigenomics has moved to the final stages of feasibility with a specific, highly sensitive real-time marker assay that is able to detect colon cancer DNA in blood plasma.
Detailed Description

From public health as well as health economics perspectives, the poor adoption of current screening options limits the effectiveness of CRC screening initiatives; as stated by Sidney Winawer, MD, "the best test is the one that gets done." Current CRC screening guidelines include FOBT, sigmoidoscopy (alone or with FOBT), or colonoscopy. Non-invasive screening is conducted using FOBT, which while inexpensive, exhibits a low compliance rate (around 16% in the US) due to its use restrictions, perceived inconvenience and lack of consumer acceptance. The gold standard procedure for CRC detection is colonoscopy; it exhibits excellent performance characteristics, but has a limited utility as a first line screen due to its high cost, healthcare delivery resource limitations, and inadequate patient acceptance. It is believed a noninvasive, first-line screening assay capable of detecting individuals with colorectal disease, confirmed by colonoscopy, would have greater utility for population screening.

Epigenomics has identified methylated gene regions that are specific for colorectal cancer or pre-malignant tissue. Aberrantly methylated genes represent attractive candidate markers for cancer screening, as cancer-specific methylation changes occur early in tumorigenesis, appear to be stable, yield a positive amplifiable signal, and can be assayed with high analytical sensitivity. Since methylation occurs early and in distinct genomic areas, it is possible to achieve high clinical sensitivity with a small number of methylated DNA markers. Studies have shown that aberrantly methylated DNA markers can be detected in tissue and body fluids and are highly correlated to colorectal cancer.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:
Residual plasma samples retained according to protocol.
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Subjects are identified at colonoscopy as having or not having colorectal cancer. Blood from all subjects was drawn either before or more than 2 days and up to 6 months after colonoscopy and prior to starting any cancer specific treatment. Cancer diagnosis was confirmed histologically from the surgical specimen and only adenocarcinomas were included in this study.
Condition Colorectal Cancer
Intervention Not Provided
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • 1
    Colorectal cancer patients, Stages I-IV
  • 2
    Non colorectal cancer patients, verified by colonoscopy
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Completed
Actual Enrollment
 (submitted: June¬†10,¬†2008)
700
Original Actual Enrollment Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date February 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2006   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Group 1 diagnosis of colorectal cancer

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Group 2 diagnosis of colorectal cancer
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Yes
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries Germany,   Hungary
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT00696345
Other Study ID Numbers Septin-9-2006
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Responsible Party Michael Wandell VP Clinical, Regulatory, Quality, Epigenomics
Study Sponsor Epigenomics, Inc
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Catherine Lofton-Day, PhD Epigenomics, Inc
PRS Account Epigenomics, Inc
Verification Date June 2008