Pharmacokinetic Study of Two Generic co-Formulations of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for HIV Infected Children (SURF) (SURF)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00665951
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 24, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2009
Information provided by:
Radboud University

April 23, 2008
April 24, 2008
February 25, 2009
September 2008
February 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Plasma concentrations of lopinavir and ritonavir. [ Time Frame: 0 (predose), 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0, 24 and 32 hours post ingestion (11 samples) on Days 1, 8 and 15. ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00665951 on Archive Site
safety: adverse events [ Time Frame: entire study ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Pharmacokinetic Study of Two Generic co-Formulations of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for HIV Infected Children (SURF)
The Pharmacokinetics of Two Generic co-Formulations of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for HIV Infected Children: a Pilot Study of Lopimune vs. the Branded Product (SURF Study).

This pilot pharmacokinetic study is designed to exclude a large difference (>40%) in pharmacokinetics (esp. AUC) between two new Lopimune formulations and the branded formulation. The formal bioequivalence study with adequate power will be conducted by the manufacturer. In order to get data independently from the manufacturer and to have this information in an earlier phase, this small pilot study is initiated.

The initial study showed a declined bioavailability of the granules under fasting conditions. The study has been extended with an arm determining the pharmacokinetics of the granules after food (compared to the oral solution taken with food).

Cipla has developed two co-formulated forms of lopinavir/ritonavir for second-line antiretroviral therapy for children: Lopimune granules and Lopimune tablets. They contain 100mg lopinavir and 25mg ritonavir.

Primary objective of this study:

To determine the pharmacokinetic profile of lopinavir and ritonavir in two different co-formulations (Lopimune granules and Lopimune tablets) after single-dose in HIV-negative, healthy adult subjects, and to compare this to the branded product.

Secondary objective:

To evaluate the safety of single-dose administration of the two generic co-formulations of lopinavir/ritonavir and compare this to the branded product.

Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir
    Lopinavir/ritonavir 200/50mg; 2 tablets; single dose
    Other Name: Kaletra
  • Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir
    Lopinavir/ritonavir 100/25mg; 4 sachets with granules; single dose
    Other Name: Lopimune granules
  • Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir
    Lopinavir/ritonavir 100/25mg; 4 tablets; single dose
    Other Name: Lopimune tablets
  • Active Comparator: A
    Kaletra tablets
    Intervention: Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Experimental: B
    Lopimune granules
    Intervention: Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Experimental: C
    Lopimune tablets
    Intervention: Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
February 2009
February 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is at least 18 and not older than 55 years of age on the day of the first dosing.
  • Subject does not smoke more than 10 cigarettes, 2 cigars, or 2 pipes per day for at least 3 months prior to the first dosing.
  • Subject has a Quetelet Index (Body Mass Index) of 18 to 30 kg/m2, extremes included.
  • Subject is able and willing to sign the Informed Consent Form prior to screening evaluations.
  • Subject is in good age appropriate health condition
  • Subject has a normal blood pressure and pulse rate, according to the investigator's judgment.
  • Female subject is either not of childbearing potential, or is of childbearing potential and practicing one of the following methods of birth control: condoms, sponge, foams, jellies, diaphragm or copper intrauterine device (IUD); has a vasectomized partner; or total abstinence from sexual intercourse.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Documented history of sensitivity/idiosyncrasy to medicinal products or excipients.
  • Positive HIV test.
  • Positive hepatitis B or C test.
  • Therapy with any drug, including oral contraceptives.
  • Relevant history or presence of pulmonary disorders (especially COPD), cardiovascular disorders, neurological disorders (especially seizures and migraine), gastrointestinal disorders, renal and hepatic disorders, hormonal disorders (especially diabetes mellitus), coagulation disorders.
  • Relevant history or current condition that might interfere with drug absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion.
  • History of or current abuse of drugs, alcohol or solvents.
  • Inability to understand the nature and extent of the trial and the procedures required.
  • Participation in a drug trial within 60 days prior to the first dose.
  • Donation of blood within 60 days prior to the first dose.
  • Febrile illness within 3 days before the first dose.
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
UMCN-AKF 07.04
Not Provided
Not Provided
Dr. D.M. Burger, hospital pharmacist, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre
Radboud University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: David M Burger Radboud University
Radboud University
February 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP