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Tailored Messages to Increase Eye Examination Behavior

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified March 2008 by National Eye Institute (NEI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Eye Institute (NEI) Identifier:
First received: March 28, 2008
Last updated: NA
Last verified: March 2008
History: No changes posted

March 28, 2008
March 28, 2008
June 2006
May 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
doctor-confirmed dilated eye examination [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
No Changes Posted
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Tailored Messages to Increase Eye Examination Behavior
Tailored Messages to Increase Eye Examination Behavior
The purpose of this project is to test two different types of health messages, one that is developed for a specific group (targeted) and the other that is more personalized to individuals (tailored), to see which is better at changing how often people have their eyes examined. We hypothesize that people who get the tailored messages will be more likely to get a dilated eye exam than people who receive the targeted messages.
Studies have shown that people are not getting their eyes examined on a regular basis, even though dilated eye exams can detect eye diseases like glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy early, before significant vision loss has developed. Early detection can lead to earlier treatment, which can save sight by preventing or slowing the progression of these eye diseases. In this project we designed, implemented, and are now evaluating tailored and targeted print health messages to increase eye examination behavior in an African-American population 65 years of age and older, a group at increased risk of glaucoma and diabetes.
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Eye Disease
  • Eye Care
  • Behavioral: tailored newsletter
    Tailored newsletter that addresses each person's stage of change, barriers to getting eye exams, and knowledge of eye exams and eye disease
  • Behavioral: targeted newsletter
    Targeted newsletter that contains messages about barriers to getting eye exams and presents facts about glaucoma and African-Americans.
  • Active Comparator: 1
    tailored print messages to encourage eye examination behavior
    Intervention: Behavioral: tailored newsletter
  • Active Comparator: 2
    targeted print messages to encourage eye examination behavior
    Intervention: Behavioral: targeted newsletter

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
May 2008
May 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • African-American
  • 65 years of age or older
  • no dilated fundus exam in past 2 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • appointment for dilated fundus exam scheduled
  • no access to phone
65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
R01EY015899, R01EY015899
Not Provided
Not Provided
Nancy Ellish, University of Maryland, Baltimore
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Nancy J. Ellish, DrPH, MSPH University of Maryland
National Eye Institute (NEI)
March 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP