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Combination of Sorafenib and Radiation for Brain Metastases and Primary Brain Tumors

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: March 20, 2008
Last Update Posted: October 21, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Jefferson University ( Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University )
March 13, 2008
March 20, 2008
October 21, 2016
March 2008
September 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Maximum Tolerated Dose of Sorafenib [ Time Frame: 30 days post-treatment ]
To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and a recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of Sorafenib and radiotherapy -/+ temozolomide patients with malignancies of the brain.
Maximum Tolerated Dose of Sorafenib [ Time Frame: 30 days post-treatment ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00639262 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Response Rate [ Time Frame: 30 days post-treatment ]
    Response rate (in those patients with measurable disease)
  • Prediction of 1-year Recurrence [ Time Frame: 1 year post-treatment ]
    Determine if an increase in urinary VEGF and MMP levels, from the end of treatment to a patient's 1-month follow-up examination, is predictive of 1-year recurrence
  • Safety and Toxicity of Sorafenib [ Time Frame: 30 days post-treatment ]
    To evaluate the safety and toxicity profile of Sorafenib in combination with radiation therapy -/+ temozolomide
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Combination of Sorafenib and Radiation for Brain Metastases and Primary Brain Tumors
Phase I Study of the Combination of Sorafenib and Radiation Therapy -/+ Temozolomide for the Treatment of Patients With Brain Metastases and Primary Brain Tumors
Sorafenib™ has the potential to inhibit tumor growth, tumor angiogenesis , and enhance radiation response. This study will test the combination of Sorafenib™ and radiation therapy with or without temozolomide to determine tolerance of the combined treatments. Defining safe dosing of Sorafenib™ in this combination therapy will be achieved.
The current standard of care for patients with brain metastatic malignancies is to receive radiation therapy alone, while the standard of care for patients with high grade primary brain malignancies, astrocytomas, is to receive to receive concurrent temozolomide with radiation therapy. In this phase I study, based on the range of efficacy of kinase inhibitors and its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier we will conduct two parallel studies. The first is to combine sorafenib and radiation therapy for the treatment of patients with brain metastases and the second is to combine sorafenib with temozolomide for primary brain tumors.
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Brain Metastases
  • Primary Brain Tumors
  • Drug: Sorafenib
    Sorafenib 200mg twice daily during XRT and 30 days after. (Sorafenib will be escalated for both cohorts to determine maximum tolerated dose)
    Other Name: Nexavar
  • Drug: Temozolomide
    For Cohort 2 - Gliomas only.
    Other Names:
    • Temodar
    • Temodal
  • Radiation: Radiotherapy
    Radiation Therapy (XRT)
    Other Names:
    • XRT
    • Radiation therapy
    • radiation oncology
  • Experimental: Cohort 1 - Brain Metastasis
    Sorafenib and Radiotherapy
    • Drug: Sorafenib
    • Radiation: Radiotherapy
  • Experimental: Cohort 2 - Gliomas
    Sorafenib and Radiotherapy, plus Temozolomide
    • Drug: Sorafenib
    • Drug: Temozolomide
    • Radiation: Radiotherapy
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2012
September 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients requiring a minimum 2-week course of radiation therapy
  2. Age > or = 18
  3. All tumors of the central nervous system, or metastasis to the central nervous system.
  4. Measurable disease preferred but not required for eligibility
  5. Histologically or cytologically documented evidence of malignancy (for infratentorial and supratentorial glioma patients only).
  6. Radiographic evidence of brain metastasis
  7. ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
  8. Life expectancy of > or = 3 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients receiving chemotherapy or other investigational drugs must be discontinued 14 days prior to enrollment.
  2. Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > class II NYHA. Patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  3. Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy.
  4. Uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg, despite optimal medical management.
  5. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic Hepatitis B or C.
  6. Active clinically serious infection > CTCAE Grade 2
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
2006-58 ( Other Identifier: CCRRC )
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Thomas Jefferson University ( Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University )
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
Principal Investigator: Adam Dicker, MD, PhD Thomas Jefferson University
Thomas Jefferson University
October 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP