Advent™ Cervical Disc Versus ACDF for Treatment of One Level Degenerative Disc Disease (IDE Study)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00637312
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Greater-than-anticipated rate of revisions)
First Posted : March 17, 2008
Results First Posted : March 27, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Orthofix Inc.

March 10, 2008
March 17, 2008
February 12, 2014
March 27, 2014
March 27, 2014
March 2008
July 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Evaluation of Device and/or Procedure Related Adverse Event(s) [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Evaluation of Device and/or Procedure Related Adverse Event(s) [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Maintenance or improvement neurological status [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Improvement in Neck Disability Index [ Time Frame: At 24 months ]
  • Quantitative radiographic assessment of range of motion (ROM) and qualitative radiographic fusion assessment [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00637312 on Archive Site
Not Provided
  • Arm and neck pain as measured by Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Odom's criteria score [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Nurick's Classification [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Overall Quality of Life (SF-36v2™) [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Disc height maintenance [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Pain medication use [ Time Frame: At 24-months ]
  • Post-operative time to normal activity [ Time Frame: At 24 months ]
  • Self-reported satisfaction with treatment [ Time Frame: At 24 months ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Advent™ Cervical Disc Versus ACDF for Treatment of One Level Degenerative Disc Disease (IDE Study)
Clinical Trial Comparing the Blackstone Advent™ Cervical Disc to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) for the Treatment of One Level Degenerative Disc Disease
The purpose of this study is to establish the safety and effectiveness of the Advent™ Cervical Disc compared to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) in treating degenerative disc disease at a single-level in the cervical spine (from C3 to C7) following cervical discectomy in skeletally mature patients (at least 18 years of age).
Following surgery study subjects will be evaluated at the following intervals: 6 wks (± 2wks); 3 Months (±2 wks); 6 Month (±1 months); 12 and 24 Month (±2 months) and annually until the last subject enrolled completes their 24 Month follow-up
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Device: Cervical Artificial Disc (Advent™ Cervical Disc)
    Advent™ Cervical Disc
    Other Name: Advent™ Cervical Disc
  • Device: Hallmark™ Anterior Cervical Plate System
    Hallmark™ Anterior Cervical Plate System with AlloQuent Structural Allograft (corticocancellous allograft bone)
  • Experimental: Advent™ Cervical Disc
    Cervical artificial disc replacement: Advent™ Cervical Disc
    Intervention: Device: Cervical Artificial Disc (Advent™ Cervical Disc)
  • Active Comparator: Standard care - Control
    Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with Hallmark™ Anterior Cervical Plate System
    Intervention: Device: Hallmark™ Anterior Cervical Plate System
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
February 2013
July 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • One cervical spine level between C3 and C7 which requires surgical treatment for intractable cervical radiculopathy and/or myelopathy demonstrated by herniated disc, and/or osteophyte formation leading to nerve root and/or spinal cord compression confirmed by patient history (e.g. neck and/or arm pain), functional and/or neurological deficit (e.g. numbness, weakness, diminished or pathologic reflexes, gait disturbances, etc.) and radiographic studies (e.g. CT, MRI, x-rays, etc.).
  • Unresponsive to conservative care over a period of at least 6 weeks
  • Neck Disability Index score ≥ 15/50 (30%)
  • Willing and able to comply with the requirements of the protocol including follow-up requirements and to sign a study specific informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • More than 1 level requiring surgical treatment for intractable cervical radiculopathy and/or myelopathy.
  • Active local (at the proposed surgical site) or systemic infection
  • Prior anterior neck surgery at any level.
  • Prior posterior cervical spine surgery at the index level except posterior decompressive surgery where the posterior elements are preserved.
  • Currently undergoing treatment for disease of the thoracic or lumbar spine.
  • Axial neck pain as the primary diagnosis, without evidence of neural compression
  • Significant cervical anatomical deformity
  • Any anatomical consideration which in the investigators opinion would make the anterior cervical approach excessively risky or impossible
  • Severe obesity defined as a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 40
  • Instability on AP, lateral neutral or flex/ext images: ≥2mm translation relative to the adjacent segment, and/or ≥ 11 degrees relative to adjacent segments
  • Central disc height ≤ 2mm
  • Advanced spondylosis (i.e. facet joints degeneration, anterior or posterior bridging of the interspace or lack of motion on the pre-operative flexion/extension x-rays)
  • Severe cervical myelopathy as indicated by: Signs and/or symptoms > 6months duration, Nurick's Classification grades IV or V, and/or Myelomalacia as evidence on a MRI
  • Metabolic bone disease such as osteoporosis to a degree that spinal instrumentation is contra-indicated (Males over 55 years of age, females over 50 years of age and/or subjects that in the investigators opinion are medical indicative of osteoporosis (e.g. early menopause, steroid use, etc.) are required to have a DEXA scan; If the DEXA scan is ≤ -2.5t in the spine, the patient must be excluded)
  • Allergy to any component of the device (titanium, polycarbonated polyurethane, polyethylene terephthalate, or ethylene oxide residuals)
  • Chronic steroid or other medication use that may interfere with bony/soft tissue healing
  • History of endocrine or metabolic disorders (e.g. Paget's disease) known to effect bone and mineral metabolism
  • Autoimmune diseases e.g., ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
  • Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  • Active malignancy
  • Currently pregnant or considering becoming pregnant during the follow-up period
  • Advanced emphysema, Alzheimer's disease or other medical conditions that would interfere with patient self-assessment of function, pain or quality of life
  • Medical condition (e.g. unstable cardiac disease, end-stage cancer) that may result in patient death prior to study completion
  • Chemical dependency (e.g. alcohol or narcotic addiction) problem that may interfere with study requirements
  • Mental incompetence as determined by the Investigator which may effect participation in the study
  • Incarcerated
  • Involved in any current or pending litigation relating to a spinal condition
  • Concurrently participating in any other investigational study
  • Anatomy (e.g. endplate dimensions) at the index level not consistent with the dimensions of the implants available (e.g. based on pre-operative radiographic evaluations and templates in the surgical technique manual).
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Orthofix Inc.
Orthofix Inc.
Not Provided
Study Director: Scott L Blumenthal, M.D. Texas Back Institute
Orthofix Inc.
February 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP