SAPPHIRe III in Taiwan-Progression Evaluation and Cardiovascular Outcomes of Hypertensive Families

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified August 2009 by National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
National Taiwan University Hospital
Tri-Service General Hospital
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Information provided by:
National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan Identifier:
First received: March 3, 2008
Last updated: August 12, 2009
Last verified: August 2009

March 3, 2008
August 12, 2009
October 2006
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00631956 on Archive Site
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SAPPHIRe III in Taiwan-Progression Evaluation and Cardiovascular Outcomes of Hypertensive Families
Progression Evaluation and Cardiovascular Outcomes of Hypertensive Families-A Follow-up Genetic Study of Taiwan SAPPHIRe Cohort
The purpose of this study is to determine the progression evaluation, cardiovascular outcomes, and genetic determinations of hypertension in Chinese

Blood pressure is a quantitative trait affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Stanford-Asian Pacific Program in Hypertension and Insulin Resistance (SAPPHIRe) is an international genetic study, which intends to map the major genetic loci underlying hypertension in sibpairs of Asian-Pacific Chinese and Japanese origin.

Success in genetic studies may depend on many factors including the selection of the patient population, the identification of intermediate phenotypes, the disease subsets, and the genetic strategy and methodologies employed.

In order to reduce heterogeneity of the genetic and environmental background, we will focus our investigation on the Chinese population. Furthermore, besides the variables associated with insulin resistance, which were collected and studied in year 1 through 5 of SAPPHIRe, some more variables from echocardiographic examination and multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) will be collected and studied.

Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infraction and renal disease. Hypertension often occurs in combination with other metabolic complications such as hyperlipidemia, obesity and insulin resistance. The combined disorder is often called the metabolic syndrome.

Our general approach is to continue analyzing candidate genes as well as perform a complete genome search based on the exiting genome-wide scan data together with old and new phenotype variables. Our objective is to identify susceptible gene for hypertension through incorporating intermediate phenotypes and to find gene markers for developing useful screening tools for the high risk group in order to prevent or early detect cardiovascular disorder patients.

Observational Model: Family-Based
Time Perspective: Retrospective
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Retention:   Samples With DNA
Plasma, serum, urine, and buffy coat
Non-Probability Sample
A follow-up genetic study of Taiwan SAPPHIRe Cohort
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
December 2010
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age of subjects when recruited must be between 35 and 60 years. Subjects over age 60 may also be eligible provided that documentation of their hypertension status prior to age 60 is available.
  • Chinese ancestry, i.e. all four grandparents Chinese. Hypertension is defined as follows: systolic BP (SBP) greater than or equal to (>=) 160 mm Hg or diastolic BP (DBP) >= 95 mm Hg or taking 2 medications for high blood pressure (Stage II hypertension). Alternatively the subject could have uncontrolled hypertension, i.e. taking 1 medication for high blood pressure and has either systolic BP >= 140 or diastolic >= 90 mm Hg.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • One of the affected sibs is adopted (i.e. no parent in common) or if the sibs have only one parent in common.
  • Both parents have been treated for hypertension before the age of 60. If offspring reports about their parents' hypertension status are conflicting, then a single reliable report of hypertension in both parents before age 60 is cause for exclusion. This exclusion criterion, however, does not apply to discordant sib-pairs.
  • Diabetic individuals were excluded. Diabetes uncovered as a result of SAPPHIRe lab work does not lead to exclusion however.
  • Severe kidney disease (except stones and remote infections) of creatinine > 1.5 mg/dl, unless documented proof that the subject met inclusion criteria prior to increase in creatinine levels.
  • A body-mass index greater than 35.
  • In addition, the following conditions are considered as cause for exclusion: ongoing (or within the past 6 months) treatment for cancer; terminal illness (life expectancy fewer than 6 months); liver cirrhosis or any other chronic illness; pregnancy or fewer than 6 months post-partum.
40 Years to 70 Years
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Sponsor and all collarators
National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
  • National Taiwan University Hospital
  • Tri-Service General Hospital
  • Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
  • Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Study Director: Chao Hsiung, PhD Division of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, National Health Research Institutes
National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
August 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP