Narrative Exposure Therapy Versus Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00623298
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : February 26, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2008
Information provided by:
University of Konstanz

February 14, 2008
February 26, 2008
February 26, 2008
January 2005
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Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, symptoms of depression
Same as current
No Changes Posted
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Narrative Exposure Therapy Versus Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy
Narrative Exposure Therapy Versus Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy -A Controlled Clinical Trial With Orphaned Survivors of the Rwandan Genocide
The present study is a pragmatic trial that investigates the efficacy and usefulness of two treatment modules in a sample of Rwandan genocide orphans: Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) versus group-Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT). We used a half year baseline to measure the treatment-induced changes. We hypothesized that there would be a greater reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms in the NET- than in the IPT-group and that IPT would be superior to NET in the reduction of depression symptoms.
The 1994 genocide of Rwanda has left countless children orphaned. 26 Rwandan orphans who fulfilled DSM-IV diagnosis of PTSD were offered participation in a controlled treatment trial. A group adaptation of Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT, n = 14) was compared to Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET, n = 12). Main outcome measures were symptoms of PTSD and depression assessed pre-treatment, 3 months after therapy (post-test) and 6 months after therapy (follow-up) using the CAPS, MINI and Hamilton Rating Scale. At post-test, participants in both treatment conditions showed reductions in posttraumatic stress symptoms and depression symptoms. At 6-month follow-up, NET proved to be more effective in the treatment of PTSD. Only 25% (n = 3) of NET-participants but 71% (n = 10) of the IPT-participants still fulfilled PTSD criteria at follow-up. Although there was a significant reduction in depression symptoms in both treatment groups from pre-test to follow-up, NET again proved to be more effective. This treatment-trial demonstrates that NET and group-IPT are suitable treatment modules even when most severe traumatic stress and difficult living conditions have led to chronic mental suffering.
Phase 2
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Depression
  • Narrative Exposure Therapy
  • Interpersonal Psychotherapy
  • Behavioral: Narrative Exposure Therapy
  • Behavioral: group IPT
  • Other: 6 months-baseline
  • Experimental: 1
    Intervention: Behavioral: Narrative Exposure Therapy
  • No Intervention: 3
    6-months baseline
    Intervention: Other: 6 months-baseline
  • Experimental: 2
    group IPT
    Intervention: Behavioral: group IPT
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
March 2006
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Rwandan orphans who have experienced the genocide, who lost at least one parent during the genocide and who were no older than 18 years during the genocide

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mental retardation
  • Psychotic symptoms or current drug or alcohol
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
13 Years to 29 Years   (Child, Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Dr. Susanne Schaal, University of Konstanz, vivo
University of Konstanz
Not Provided
University of Konstanz
February 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP