Streptococcal Infection and Respiratory Distress in Newborns
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00612937|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 12, 2008
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2017
|First Submitted Date||February 10, 2008|
|First Posted Date||February 12, 2008|
|Last Update Posted Date||October 6, 2017|
|Start Date||February 4, 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00612937 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Streptococcal Infection and Respiratory Distress in Newborns|
|Official Title||Respiratory Distress of the Newborn and Its Relationship to Group B Streptococcal Colonization|
This study will evaluate whether babies are more at risk of developing breathing problems if their mothers carry group B streptococci (GBS) in vagina/rectum, and whether the breathing problem is due to phospholipids released by the GBS. About one in five pregnant women carry GBS in their vagina/rectum. Mothers who carry these bacteria are given antibiotics during labor to prevent infection in the baby. However, recently it has been suspected that even without blood stream infection, the chemicals released by GBS, called phospholipids, might lead to breathing problems.
Women at 32 or more weeks of pregnancy who deliver at Ben Taub Hospital and St. Luke s Episcopal Hospital in Houston, Texas, and Alta Bates Summit Medical Center in Oakland, California, may be eligible for this study.
Mothers undergo the following procedures:
Newborns undergo the following procedures:
Phospholipids from the group B streptococcal (GBS) cell wall cause pulmonary hypertension in experimental animals. We hypothesize that newborns colonized with GBS receive bacterial phospholipids leading to pulmonary hypertension and respiratory distress. When exposed to penicillin (beta-lactam), Streptococcus mutans releases phospholipids immediately. An analysis of 1610 colonized newborns from the NICHD GBS study conducted in six academic centers from 1995 to 1999 showed that 8.8% of GBS colonized newborns greater than or equal to 32 weeks gestation had signs of respiratory distress as compared to 1-3% observed in general newborn populations, and that beta-lactam use during labor was associated with 2.62 fold increase in respiratory distress in the colonized newborns. These findings support the association of neonatal respiratory distress with GBS colonization and with penicillin use during labor. These data however require confirmation.
We now plan to conduct a prospective study to relate the levels of serum bacterial phospholipids to the occurrence of respiratory distress in newborns of mother colonized GBS. This study will also evaluate the effect of beta-lactam use during labor on the release of phospholipids and therefore the occurrence of respiratory distress in newborns of mothers colonized with GBS. The study will be conducted at the Baylor College of Medicine and Oakland Children s Hospital and Research Center. Serum phospholipid levels will be measured in newborns with respiratory distress, newborns of mothers colonized by GBS, treated or untreated with beta-lactam during labor.
|Study Design||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Estimated Completion Date||June 19, 2015|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
All women who are admitted to labor and delivery room at greater than or equal to 32 weeks gestation will be approached for obtaining consent to participate in this study.
Newborns with severe or fatal congenital anomaly such as gastroschisis, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, tracheoesophageal fistula, transition of the great arteries, coarctation of aorta, myelomeningocele, and omphalocele will be excluded from the study.
|Ages||Child, Adult, Senior|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||999908069
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) )|
|Study Sponsor||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||June 19, 2015|