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Oral Immunotherapy for Peanut Allergy (PMIT) (PMIT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Arkansas
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wesley Burks, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00597675
First received: January 4, 2008
Last updated: March 22, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
January 4, 2008
March 22, 2017
March 2007
June 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The Amount of Peanut Protein Ingested Before An Allergic Reaction is Observed During the Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Food Challenge (DBPCFC) After Completing Treatment With Peanut OIT. [ Time Frame: 36-60 months ]
After completing the peanut OIT protocol (defined as treatment with peanut OIT for at least 36-months AND a peanut-specific IgE >2 and <15 AND skin prick test is <5 mm OR a maximum of 60 months of treatment), the reaction threshold for subjects is assessed by a DBPCFC. This involves eating small increasing doses of peanut protein in a blinded fashion up to a cumulative total of 5000 mg. An identical food challenge is also performed with oat flour as a placebo. The cumulative amount of peanut protein ingested prior to the dose that causes a reaction requiring treatment is reported as the reaction threshold.
An outcome measure will be determined by a comparison of the result of the double blind placebo controlled food challenges (DBPCFC)at the starting point and at the end of the study for each of the subjects. [ Time Frame: Three years ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00597675 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • The Amount of Peanut Protein Ingested Before An Allergic Reaction is Observed During the Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Food Challenge (DBPCFC) After Completing 12 Months of Blinded Peanut OIT or Placebo Treatment. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    After 12 months of blinded Peanut OIT treatment, the reaction threshold for subjects is assessed by a DBPCFC. This involves eating small increasing doses of peanut protein in a blinded fashion up to a cumulative total of 4710 mg. An identical food challenge is also performed with oat flour as a placebo. The cumulative amount of peanut protein ingested prior to the dose that causes a reaction requiring treatment is reported as the reaction threshold.
  • The Change From Baseline Through the End of Peanut OIT Treatment in Wheal Size Diameter Following Peanut Skin Prick Testing [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of open label phase treatment (36-60 months) ]
    Skin prick testing is performed by scratching the skin with a small amount of peanut and observing for redness and a raised bump called a wheal. The diameter of the wheal is measured with a ruler in mm and recorded as a measure of peanut-specific IgE and mast cell reactivity in an allergic subject. A decrease in wheal size after treatment would represent suppression of the allergic response.
  • The Change From Baseline Through the End of Peanut OIT Treatment in Peanut-specific IgE in the Blood [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of open label phase treatment (36-60 months) ]
    Peanut specific IgE on the surface of mast cells and basophils releases histamine when exposed to peanut causing symptoms of allergy. Free-floating peanut-specific IgE is measured from serum in the blood by an immunoCAP machine and reported in kU/L. A lower level of peanut-specific IgE could suggest a decrease in the probability of reaction for a subject who is exposed to peanut.
  • The Change From Baseline Through the End of Peanut OIT Treatment in Peanut-specific IgG4 in the Blood. [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of open label phase treatment (36-60 months) ]
    Peanut specific IgG4 is thought to have a protective effect for a subject when exposed to peanut possibly by interfering with IgE. Peanut-specific IgG4 is measured from serum in the blood by an immunoCAP machine and reported in mg/dL. A higher level of peanut-specific IgG4 could suggest a decrease in the probability of reaction for a subject who is exposed to peanut.
Other outcome measures will be the changes seen in the pre and post peanut skin tests and the pre and post IgE levels to peanut [ Time Frame: Three years ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Oral Immunotherapy for Peanut Allergy (PMIT)
Oral Immunotherapy for Peanut Allergy (2nd Generation PMIT Collaboration With Arkansas Children's)
The purpose of this study is to determine if mucosal peanut immunotherapy will make subjects who have peanut allergy less allergic and induce changes in their immune system.
Peanut allergy is known to cause severe anaphylactic reactions. Compared with other food allergies it tends to be more persistent and also its prevalence seems to be rising. Currently there is no proven treatment other than strict avoidance. We are attempting to decrease the risk of anaphylaxis on accidental ingestion by desensitizing subjects to peanut using peanut oral mucosal immunotherapy (OIT). We are also studying the effect of peanut OIT on the peanut specific immune response to determine if tolerance to peanut protein will develop. Children ages 1 to 18 with peanut allergy will be randomized to peanut OIT or placebo. Subjects will undergo a modified rush immunotherapy on the first day and then increase the doses at least every two weeks up to a maintenance dose of 4 grams (equivalent to about 13 peanuts). Doses will be taken daily at home except for dose increases which will be done on the research unit. Subjects will undergo a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) after 12 months and then be unblinded. Placebo subjects will cross over to open-label peanut OIT and undergo an identical buildup schedule up to 12 months. All subjects will then complete at least 36 months of peanut OIT therapy after which once skin prick (<5 mm) and IgE (<15 kU/L) criteria are met, they will then complete the end of study DBPCFC. Dosing will continue up to a maximum of 60 months after which even if criteria are not met, the subject will undergo the end of study DBPCFC. Outcome variables of interest include response to DBPCFC, skin prick testing, peanut specific IgE, and adverse events. These results will be compared between the start and end of peanut OIT using appropriate statistical analysis.
Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Food Hypersensitivity
  • Biological: Peanut OIT
    Defatted peanut flour ingested daily as oral mucosal immunotherapy
  • Biological: Placebo
    Oat flour matched by weight and consistency that is ingested daily as a placebo
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Oat flour ingested daily as a placebo
    Intervention: Biological: Placebo
  • Active Comparator: Peanut OIT
    Peanut flour ingested daily as oral mucosal immunotherapy
    Intervention: Biological: Peanut OIT
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
10
June 2014
June 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject between 1 and 18 years of age
  • EITHER history of significant clinical symptoms occurring within 60 minutes after ingesting peanuts greater than 6 months ago AND peanut specific IgE >15 kU/L
  • OR history of significant clinical symptoms occurring within 60 minutes after ingesting peanuts within the past 6 months AND peanut specific IgE > 7 kU/L
  • A family that will be able to be compliant with all study visits
  • All females of child bearing age must be using appropriate birth control

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with a history of severe, anaphylaxis to peanut
  • Medical history that would prevent a double blind placebo controlled oral food challenge (DBPCFC/OFC) to peanut
  • Unable to cooperate with challenge procedures or unable to be reached by telephone for follow-up
  • Diagnosed oat allergy
  • Pregnancy or lactation
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
1 Year to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00597675
Pro00000163
Yes
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: No
Wesley Burks, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
University of Arkansas
Principal Investigator: Arvil W Burks, MD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
March 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP