Fluoxetine for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents With Bipolar Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00592852
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow subject recruitment.)
First Posted : January 14, 2008
Results First Posted : March 6, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 20, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gagan Joshi, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital

December 28, 2007
January 14, 2008
July 28, 2011
March 6, 2012
November 20, 2012
December 2005
September 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS) [ Time Frame: weekly ]
This sale measures impairment on 5 items relating to Obsessions from 0 (none) to 4 (extreme) and 5 item relating to Compulsions from 0 (none) to 4 (extreme). These scores are totaled for a range of 0 (least impaired) to 40 (most impaired).
CY-BOCs [ Time Frame: weekly ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00592852 on Archive Site
Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) [ Time Frame: weekly ]
This scale measures mania symptoms in children and adolescents using 11 items rated from 0 (least severe) to 4 (most severe), although 4 items are rated from 0-8. The minimum (least severe) possible score is 0, and the maximum (most severe) possible score is 60.
YMRS [ Time Frame: weekly ]
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Fluoxetine for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents With Bipolar Disorder
A Pilot Treatment Study of Fluoxetine for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents With Bipolar Disorder

This will be a 12-week open-label pilot treatment study for children and adolescents (ages 6-17) who meet DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder (BPD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who are adequately mood stabilized on a stable regimen based on standard clinical care. Specific hypotheses are as follows:

Hypothesis 1: Children and adolescents with comorbid OCD and BPD who have achieved adequate mood stabilization using a naturalistic clinical practice approach, will benefit from an FDA-approved selective seratonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) on their OCD symptoms in a clinically meaningful way without exacerbation of bipolar symptoms.

As no systemic data is available regarding the efficacy and safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) in the treatment of OCD+BPD children, it calls for a preliminary open pilot treatment study to explore these issues as a logical first step that could lead to systematic randomized controlled trials in the future. SSRI's are the first line and most commonly used anti-OCD agents. It remains unknown, which of the standard SSRIs is least activating for youth with BPD. Fluoxetine along with fluvoxamine and sertraline are FDA approved for the treatment of OCD in children. Fluoxetine remains the most extensively studied SSRI in children. We will test the safety and efficacy of fluoxetine in children and adolescents with BPD and OCD.

The proposed study includes 1.) the use of a 12-week design to document the response rate and 2.) careful assessment of safety and tolerability

Phase 4
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
  • Pediatric OCD
Drug: fluoxetine
capsules, dose range of 10mgQD - 60mgQD, given daily for 12 weeks
Other Name: Prozac
Experimental: Fluoxetine
Intervention: Drug: fluoxetine
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2010
September 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female participants between 6 and 17 years of age.
  • Participants must have DSM-IV diagnosis of OCD and bipolar (I or II) disorder, displaying current OCD symptoms of at least moderate impairment (CY-BOCS ≥ 15) and for at least 4 weeks prior to participation maintained on steady dose of mood stabilizing medication (lithium, anticonvulsants or atypical antipsychotics) with minimal or mild mood symptoms (YMRS ≤ 15). Period of mood stabilization will be determined by clinician judgment and confirmed by K-SADS-E.
  • Subject and his/her legal representative must have a level of understanding sufficient to communicate intelligently with the investigator and study coordinator, and to cooperate with all tests and examinations required by the protocol.
  • Subjects and his/her legal representative must be considered reliable.
  • Each subject and his/her authorized legal representative must understand the nature of the study. The subject's authorized legal representative and the subject must sign an IRB approved informed consent and assent document respectively.
  • Subject must be able to participate in mandatory blood draws.
  • Subject must be able to swallow pills.
  • Subjects with comorbid ADHD, ODD, CD, or other anxiety disorders will be allowed to participate in the study provided they do not meet any exclusionary criteria.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • DSM-IV substance dependence (except nicotine or caffeine) within past 3 months.
  • History of anti-depressant induced mania or hypomania while also being treated with appropriate dosage(s) of mood stabilizers.
  • Pregnant or nursing females.
  • Investigator and his/her immediate family, defined as the investigator's spouse, parent, child, grandparent, or grandchild.
  • Serious, unstable systemic illness.
  • History of severe allergies or multiple adverse drug reactions.
  • Non-febrile seizures without a clear and resolved etiology.
  • Clinically judged to be at serious suicidal risk.
  • Other concomitant medication with primary central nervous system activity other than those specified in the Concomitant Medication protocol.
  • History of allergic reaction to SSRIs.
  • Participants using an MAOI within two weeks prior to receiving study medication.
  • Current diagnosis of schizophrenia.
  • Uncorrected hypo or hyperthyroidism.
  • Active symptoms of anorexia or bulimia nervosa
  • Non-response of OCD symptoms to fluoxetine as defined by being on therapeutic dose of fluoxetine for at least 10 weeks.
  • Current treatment with antidepressant medication.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
6 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Gagan Joshi, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Gagan Joshi, MD MGH
Massachusetts General Hospital
November 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP