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Celecoxib as a Post-tonsillectomy Pain Medication

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00583453
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 31, 2007
Results First Posted : March 29, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

December 20, 2007
December 31, 2007
February 12, 2017
March 29, 2017
March 29, 2017
October 2007
December 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Self-reported Pain Score [ Time Frame: day of procedure through post-operative day 10 ]
Pain score as reported by participant, measured on a 10 point scale, where 0 = none and 10 = unbearable, collected once daily.
To compare analgesia in subjects receiving celecoxib versus placebo [ Time Frame: throughout 10 days post-operative ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00583453 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Self-reported Activity Level [ Time Frame: From operative day through 10 days post-operative ]
    Activity level, reported by participant utilizing a 10-point ordinal scale (0 = no activity, 10 = return to normal activities). Activity level was measured was collected once daily.
  • Acetaminophen Equivalent Use [ Time Frame: From operative day through 10 days post-operative ]
    Participant reported acetaminophen use and its equivalent. Medication use was collected from reported participant journals.
  • Incidence of Post-operative Hemorrhage [ Time Frame: From operative day through 10 days post-operative ]
    The incidence of post-operative hemorrhage, defined as post-operative bleeding requiring medical intervention or hospitalization during the 10 day post-operative follow-up period.
  • Total Morphine Equivalent [ Time Frame: From operative day through 10 days post-operative ]
    Participant reported mophine equivalent use
  • To compare the incidence of post-operative hemorrhage in subjects receiving celecoxib versus placebo [ Time Frame: operative and 10 days post-operative ]
  • To compare the number of days of leave from work or school that subjects need in the postoperative period in subjects receiving celecoxib versus placebo [ Time Frame: 3 weeks post-operatively ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Celecoxib as a Post-tonsillectomy Pain Medication
Perioperative Use of Celecoxib to Improve Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Tonsillectomy: a Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-controlled Trial

The hypothesis is that celecoxib effectively reduces pain after a tonsillectomy and reduces post-operative narcotic use.

To test this hypothesis, the study is placebo controlled (sugar pill). Half of the participants will receive a sugar pill, half will not.

All participants will receive the standard post-operative pain medications.

We ask participants to log the amount of medications they use daily, and the amount of pain they have each day. It is hoped that celecoxib will reduce the amount of post-operative pain medication needed.

Post-tonsillectomy pain is typically controlled through narcotic medications, such as Lortab elixir. Despite its standard use, this pain control is typically not as effective as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAID). The problem with using NSAIDs for post-tonsillectomy operative pain is the significant increased risk of rebleeding.

Celecoxib is an NSAID that is a COX-2 inhibitor; the drug is designed to act as an NSAID without the increased risk of rebleeding or hemorrhage.

This study is a double blind, randomized study; neither the study participant or the study investigator knows if the participant is receiving celecoxib or a placebo (sugar pill). The blinded list is maintained by the research pharmacists and can be unblinded when needed (such as in an emergency).

Participants begin taking the study medication the night before surgery and continue through 10 days post-operative. Participants are asked to complete a journal that catalogs the amount of standard post-operative medications taken, the amount of pain experienced, and any other comments.

Participants are contacted by phone at 5 and 10 days post-op.

Study participation ends at the standard 3-week post-operative check-up.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
  • Drug: Celecoxib

    Celecoxib 200 mg capsule

    1. capsule the night before surgery
    2. capsules the morning of surgery

    1 capsule the night of surgery

    1 capsule twice daily for 10 days immediately after the surgery

    Other Name: Celebrex
  • Drug: Placebo

    Placebo capsule

    1. capsule the night before surgery
    2. capsules the morning of surgery

    1 capsule the night of surgery

    1 capsule twice daily for 10 days immediately after the surgery

  • Active Comparator: A
    Celecoxib 200 mg tablets
    Intervention: Drug: Celecoxib
  • Placebo Comparator: B
    Placebo with same dosing schedule as the active comparator arm
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Van Daele DJ, Bodeker KL, Trask DK. Celecoxib Versus Placebo in Tonsillectomy: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2016 Oct;125(10):785-800. doi: 10.1177/0003489416654707. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
May 2016
December 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age at least 18 years
  • Indication for tonsillectomy (patients undergoing a tonsillectomy as a portion of additional surgical procedures will not be included)
  • Have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of bleeding disorders
  • History of liver or kidney dysfunction
  • History of allergy to sulfa containing medications
  • History of lactose intolerance
  • History of asthma, urticaria, or allergic-type reactions to aspirin or NSAIDs
  • Women who are currently pregnant, nursing, or trying to conceive
  • History of allergy or intolerance to acetaminophen or hydrocodone
  • History of allergy to any COX-2 inhibitor, including celecoxib or rofecoxib.
  • PT, PTT, hemoglobin, or hematocrit values that are outside of institutional limits.
  • History of cardiovascular disease
  • Patients currently taking celecoxib
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Data will be uploaded through clinicaltrials.gov data tables
Douglas J Van Daele, University of Iowa
University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Douglas VanDaele, MD Department of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
University of Iowa
February 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP