Genomic Tools for Studying the Ecology of the Human Vaginal Microflora (VM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00576797
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 19, 2007
Last Update Posted : February 2, 2016
University of Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kevin Ault, MD, Emory University

December 17, 2007
December 19, 2007
February 2, 2016
May 2008
January 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
descriptive analysis of vaginal microbiome [ Time Frame: completed ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00576797 on Archive Site
correlate vaginal microbiome to other demographic information, Nugent score and vaginal pH [ Time Frame: completed ]
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Genomic Tools for Studying the Ecology of the Human Vaginal Microflora
Genomic Tools for Studying the Ecology of the Human Vaginal Microflora
The human vagina contains a large number of normal bacteria. These bacteria are important because provide protection against other bacteria that may cause disease. Several important diseases are linked to abnormal bacteria in the vagina. Women with abnormal bacteria in the vagina are more likely to be infected with human immunodeficiency virus, the virus that causes AIDS. Also women with unusual bacteria in their vagina are more likely to deliver a premature baby when they are pregnant. For these reasons, it is important to have a better understanding of the normal bacteria of the vagina.Some bacteria found in the vagina can not be grown in a laboratory. Our preliminary studies indicate a very wide variety of bacteria in the vagina. Also we have shown there are some differences between African American and Caucasian women. The goal of our study is to study the bacteria in the vagina of normal women using the latest technology. This technology involves study the bacterial DNA present in the normal microbes in the vagina

The normal vaginal bacteria in healthy women of reproductive age plays a key role in preventing successful colonization by "undesirable" organisms including those responsible for bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, sexually transmitted diseases and urinary tract infections. Our long-term goal is to develop an accurate understanding of the vagina microbial ecosystem in normal, healthy women as an essential prerequisite for comprehending how the normal microflora reduces the risk of acquiring these common vaginal infections.

Four hundred women will be recruited such that there will be equal distribution among four self-declared ethnic groups (Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic and Asian). These groupings were selected based on the original Forney study that identified different distributions supergroups of dominant vaginal microflora between African-American and Caucasian women.

The experimental focus of this proposal is to use a combination of culture-independent methods (T-RFLP of 16S rRNA, 16SrRNA and recA genes sequence analysis and community genomics) to develop tools aimed at advancing our understanding of the composition and role of individual organisms and communities that make up the ecosystems of human vaginas . The specific aims are designed to develop genomic tools for the research and clinical scientific community to study the ecology of the human vaginal microflora

Time Perspective: Prospective
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Retention:   Samples With DNA
vaginal secretions
Non-Probability Sample
Asian, African American, Hispanic, or Cauasian women between the ages of 12 to 45 years old
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
January 2009
January 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between the ages of 12 and 45
  • Regular menstrual cycles from 21 to 35 days long
  • Normal healthy volunteer
  • Negative urine pregnancy test
  • Ability to understand and sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Used douches, vaginal medications or suppositories, feminine sprays, genital wipes, or contraceptive spermicides in the past 48 hours
  • Sexually active in the past 48 hours (involving female genitalia)
  • Pregnancy (by history or testing)
  • Use of antibiotics or antifungal drugs within the past 30 days
  • Have chronic illnesses such as kidney failure, diabetes or HIV/AIDS
  • Self-reported vaginal discharge in the past 48 hours
  • Currently menstruating
  • Currently participating in a drug or treatment clinical research trial
  • Received a vaccine within the last 30 days
  • Received a vaccine against a bacterial infection
  • Currently using NuvaRing for contraception
  • Any other condition that in the opinion of the investigator would place the subject in unacceptable risk for participation in the study
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
12 Years to 45 Years   (Child, Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
U01AI070921-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
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Kevin Ault, MD, Emory University
Emory University
  • University of Maryland
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: Jacques Ravel, phD University of Maryland
Emory University
February 2016