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A Study Comparing Subcutaneous Rapid Acting Insulin and One Formulation of Inhaled Insulin in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00570687
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2007
Results First Posted : October 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 16, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mannkind Corporation

December 7, 2007
December 11, 2007
July 22, 2014
October 16, 2014
October 16, 2014
September 2007
January 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Time to Minimum Endogenous Glucose Production (EGP) - Meal Challenge [ Time Frame: 0-480 minutes ]
    Time to minimum EGP post dose
  • Minimum EGP - Meal Challenge [ Time Frame: 0-480 minutes ]
    Minimum calculated EGP per subject as change from baseline
  • EGP AOC0-480 - Meal Challenge [ Time Frame: 0-480 minutes ]
    EGP area over the curve from 0 to 480 minutes postdose
Determination of EGP after a meal challenge using [ Time Frame: 8 hours ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00570687 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Study Comparing Subcutaneous Rapid Acting Insulin and One Formulation of Inhaled Insulin in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes
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The original protocol was a randomized, open-label, 3-way cross-over study with 9 scheduled visits. The visits comprised an initial screening visit, 3 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 3 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

Protocol Amendment 1 was a randomized, open-label, 2-way cross-over study with 7 visits for each completed subject. The visits comprise an initial screening visit, 2 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 2 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

For both the original protocol and Protocol Amendment 1, subjects were hospitalized in the clinical unit for all procedures.

The original protocol was a randomized, open-label, 3-way cross-over study with 9 scheduled visits. The visits comprised an initial screening visit, 3 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 3 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

After review of the meal challenge data from the Original Protocol design, it became apparent that the TI Inhalation Powder, insulin lispro, and Exubera doses were not well matched, and resulted in significantly higher insulin exposure following insulin lispro than the two inhaled treatments. All meal challenge visits were completed for the 18 subjects enrolled. However, the glucose clamp visits were discontinued since it was discovered that a direct comparison between the treatments was not possible.

The protocol was amended (Amendment 1) to ensure that the insulin exposures between TI Inhalation Powder and insulin lispro were more suited (increased the TI Inhalation Powder doses and decreased the insulin lispro dose). An Exubera arm was not included in Amendment 1 due to the market removal of this product.

Protocol Amendment 1 was a randomized, open-label, 2-way cross-over study with 7 visits for each completed subject. The visits comprise an initial screening visit, 2 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 2 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

For both the original protocol and Protocol Amendment 1, subjects were hospitalized in the clinical unit for all procedures.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Drug: Technosphere Insulin
Inhalation 15U/30U
Experimental: 1
Technosphere Insulin
Intervention: Drug: Technosphere Insulin
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
30
18
January 2009
January 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving diabetes treatment with insulin for a minimum of 3 months
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) of ≤ 34 kg/m2 and ≥ 25 kg/m2
  • HbA1c ≤ 8.5% based upon results from a central laboratory
  • Non-smoking Males and females ≥ 18 and ≤ 70 years of age
  • A clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus for ≥ 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Total daily insulin requirement of ≥ 1.2 U/kg body weight
  • Use of Symlin® (pramlintide acetate) and/or Byetta® (exenatide) within the preceding 8 weeks
  • Two or more severe hypoglycemic episodes within 6 months of screening
  • Any hospitalization or emergency room visit due to poor diabetic control within 6 months of Screening
  • Severe complications of diabetes
  • Previous exposure to any inhaled insulin product
  • Currently using an insulin delivery pump
  • Allergy or known hypersensitivity to insulin or to any of the drugs to be used in the trial
  • Any clinically important pulmonary disease, confirmed by documented history, pulmonary function testing, or radiologic findings
  • Chronic use of systemic steroids
  • Inability to perform PFT maneuvers to meet the recommended American Thoracic Society (ATS) standards of acceptability and repeatability
  • Significant improvement in spirometry following bronchodilation
  • Active respiratory infection
  • Seizure disorder
  • Significant cardiovascular dysfunction and/or history within 3 months of Screening
  • Uncontrolled hypertension with a systolic blood pressure of >160 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 95 mm Hg at screening, despite pharmacologic treatment
  • Clinical nephrotic syndrome or renal dysfunction or disease
  • Cancer (other than an excised cutaneous basal cell carcinoma) within the past 5 years or any history of lung neoplasms
  • History of active viral and/or cirrhotic hepatic disease and/or abnormal liver enzymes
  • Active infection eg, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis, or history of severe infection within 30 days of Screening
  • Anemia
  • A previous diagnosis of systemic autoimmune or collagen vascular disease requiring prior or current treatment with systemic corticosteroids, cytotoxic drugs or penicillamine
  • Any concurrent illness, other than diabetes mellitus not controlled by a stable therapeutic regime
  • Current or previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy that may result in pulmonary toxicity
  • Clinically significant abnormalities on screening laboratory evaluation
  • Female subjects who are pregnant, lactating or planning to become pregnant during the clinical trial period
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential (defined as pre-menopausal and not surgically sterilized or post-menopausal for less than 2 years) not practicing adequate birth control.
  • Current drug or alcohol abuse, or a history of drug or alcohol abuse, that, in the opinion of the PI, would not make the subject a suitable candidate for participation in the clinical trial
  • Exposure to any investigational medications or devices within the previous 30 days prior to trial entry or participation in another clinical trial during this trial
  • Unable and/or unlikely to comprehend and/or follow the trial protocol
  • Concurrent medical or major psychiatric condition which, in the opinion of the PI, makes the subject unsuitable for the clinical trial, or could limit the validity of the informed consent and/or impair the subject's ability to participate in the trial
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Germany
 
 
NCT00570687
MKC-TI-118
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Mannkind Corporation
Mannkind Corporation
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Klaus Rave, MD Profil Institute for Metabolic Research
Mannkind Corporation
October 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP