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Iloprost in Gas Exchange/Pulm Mechanics in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (Iloprost)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00561223
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2007
Last Update Posted : January 7, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oklahoma

November 19, 2007
November 20, 2007
January 7, 2014
September 2006
April 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The alveolar arterial O2 difference [ Time Frame: One day ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00561223 on Archive Site
PaO2, vital capacity, FEV1, DLCO, ventilatory equivalents for O2 and CO2 [ Time Frame: One day ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Iloprost in Gas Exchange/Pulm Mechanics in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
The Effect of Iloprost on Gas Exchange and Pulmonary Mechanics in Patients With COPD
The investigators believe that iloprost will improve gas exchange in COPD patients with pulmonary hypertension.
Pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure can complicate the management of the patient with advanced COPD. Attempts to treat this pulmonary hypertension with systemic vasodilators frequently result in a worsening of ventilation perfusion matching and an increase sense of dyspnea. This study will look at the effect of an FDA approved pulmonary vasodilator, iloprost, on gas exchange and pulmonary mechanics in patients with COPD. Ten clinically stable patients will be enrolled. They will report to the lab on the morning of the study and after an arterial line is placed, pulmonary function measurements and arterial blood gases will be obtained. Iloprost (2.5 mcg via nebulizer) will be administered and the effect upon arterial blood pressure, respiration and arterial saturation will be monitored. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and blood gases will be repeated after 30 minutes. Patients who remain clinically stable without evidence of a fall in arterial PO2 or systemic blood pressure would inhale a second dose of 2.5 mcg of iloprost. The patient will be monitored for a minimum of 2 hours after their last dose of iloprost. Primary outcome variable will be the alveolar arterial O2 difference while secondary outcomes will include PAO2, venous admixture, FVC and FEV1, DLCO and ventilatory equivalents for O2 and CO2. All comparisons will be made using Student's t-test with a Bonferroni correction. The number of study patients was chosen on the basis of a power analysis to provide an alpha of 0.05 at a level of 0.9.
Not Provided
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Pulmonary Hypertension
  • Drug: iloprost Inhalation
    inhale 2.5 mg, repeat times one
    Other Name: Ventavis
  • Drug: iloprost
    inhaled 2.5 mg, repeat times one
    Other Name: Ventavis
Experimental: 1

This study will examine the hypothesis that iloprost maintains and improves ventilation perfusion matching in patients with COPD as reflected by 1) a constant or reduced alveolar to arterial O2 difference as calculated from the measured arterial blood gases obtained before and after iloprost administration, 2) an improvement in the lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide that occurs in the absence of a change in spirometry, 3) an improvement in the ventilatory equivalent for oxygen and CO2 measured by expired gas analysis.

It is anticipated that a positive result in this pilot study would lead to a larger long-term study examining the effect of iloprost on gas exchange, exercise tolerance and quality of life in patients with COPD.

  • Drug: iloprost Inhalation
  • Drug: iloprost
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
April 2008
April 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • FEV1 < 65% of predicted and FEV1 to FVC ratio < 70%
  • Baseline PAO2 while stable between 60-75 mmHg and
  • The ability to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical instability as evidenced by an acute exacerbation requiring an intensification of therapy and/or the need for hospitalization with the preceding 3 months.
  • Presence of an additional cause of lung disease as suggested by history, clinical or radiographic findings, or pulmonary function tests
  • Presence of left ventricular dysfunction and/or left atrial enlargement by echo, ECHO or catheterization
  • Heparin allergy
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Gary T Kinasewitz, MD University of Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma
January 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP