Re-Evaluation of GAmma3 Intramedullary Nails in Hip Fracture (REGAIN) (REGAIN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00555945
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 9, 2007
Last Update Posted : June 27, 2011
Stryker Osteosynthesis
Global Research Solutions
Information provided by:
Stryker Trauma GmbH

November 7, 2007
November 9, 2007
June 27, 2011
May 2007
June 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Rates of revision surgery [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Revision surgery is classified as any unplanned surgery done to promote fracture healing, relieve pain, treat infection, or improve function include the following: 1) implant removal prior to fracture healing (to achieve union); 2) revision surgery with another internal fixation implant; 3) revision surgery to arthroplasty; 4) incision and drainage for deep infection at the bone implant interface; 5) correction of malunion; and 6) repair of a femoral shaft fracture.
The primary objective is to assess the impact of Gamma3 intramedullary nails versus sliding hip screws on rates of revision surgery at two years in individuals with inter-trochanteric fractures. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00555945 on Archive Site
  • Health Related Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Up to12 months ]
    HRQL will be measured using using self-administered and interview-administered questionnaires. Functional outcome questionnaires will include a generic health status measurement instrument (SF-12v2), a hip function and pain questionnaire (WOMAC), a generic utility measure (EQ-5D), the Merle d'Aubigne (MDA) pain and function score, and the Parker mobility score.
  • Fracture healing rates [ Time Frame: Up to12 months ]
    A fracture is to be considered healed when there is obliteration of the fracture lines by newly formed bone along the cortices and within the trabecular bone on anteroposterior and lateral (or oblique) radiographs.
  • Complications [ Time Frame: Up to12 months ]
    Complications include mortality, femoral shaft fracture, avascular necrosis, nonunion, malunion (shortening, varus deformity, valgus deformity and rotational malunion), implant breakage or failure, and infection (i.e., superficial and deep).
To evaluate the impact of Gamma3 IM nails vs sliding hip screws on complications, fracture healing rates, and health related quality of life (HRQL). [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
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Re-Evaluation of GAmma3 Intramedullary Nails in Hip Fracture (REGAIN)
Re-Evaluation of GAmma3 Intramedullary Nails in Hip Fracture: A Multi-Centre Randomized Controlled Trial of Gamma3 Intramedullary Nails Versus Sliding Hip Screws in the Management of Intertrochanteric Fractures of the Hip
The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of Gamma3 intramedullary nails versus sliding hip screws on rate of revision surgery in individuals with inter-trochanteric fractures. Secondary outcomes include fracture healing rates, fracture related complications, and health-related quality of life.

Hip fractures are becoming a more prevalent issue worldwide, leading to profound morbidity, and in some cases, mortality. Currently the most common method of surgical treatment includes the use of a sliding hip screw over a Gamma intramedullary nail, but there is conflicting evidence regarding which device has a lower revision of surgery rate and complication rate. The newest generation of Gamma3 nails have strong rationale suggesting significantly decreased rates of femoral shaft fractures and improved function. The improvements in implant design of the Gamma3 nail provide compelling rationale for the conduct of a large, definitive trial, and therefore a pilot study is being conducted to confirm or refute our ability to recruit patients and assess the consistency between site estimates and actual recruitment, determine the degree to which site investigators can adhere to trial protocol, confirm or refute our anticipated ability to achieve close to 100% follow- up, assess our ability to maintain 100% data quality, field test our case report forms for clarity and appropriateness, and to determine whether we can successfully manage the logistics of coordinating trial activities across multiple sites.

This trial is a pilot, multi-center, concealed randomized controlled trial. Surgeons will use one of the two surgical strategies in patients who have sustained a trochanteric fracture; the Gamma3 intramedullary nail or the sliding hip screw. Clinical assessments will occur at the time of hospital admission, 1 week, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery.

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Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Femoral Neck Fractures
  • Intertrochanteric Fracture
  • Procedure: Gamma3 intramedullary nail (Stryker)
    The Gamma3 nail is cannulated for Guide-Wire-controlled insertion, and features a conical tip for optimal alignment with the inner part of the cortical bone. A single distal Locking Screw is provided to stabilize the nail in the medullary canal and to help to prevent rotation in complex fractures.
    Other Names:
    • Gamma Nail
    • Gamma3 Nail
    • Intramedullary Nail (IM Nail)
  • Procedure: Sliding Hip Screw
    The sliding hip screw is a single larger diameter partially threaded screw, which is affixed to the proximal femur with a side plate (with a minimum of two holes and a maximum of four holes) and no supplemental fixation.
    Other Names:
    • Sliding Hip Screw (SHS)
    • Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS)
    • Compression Screw and Side Plate
  • Active Comparator: 1
    Gamma3 intramedullary nail
    Intervention: Procedure: Gamma3 intramedullary nail (Stryker)
  • Active Comparator: 2
    Sliding hip screw
    Intervention: Procedure: Sliding Hip Screw

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
June 2009
June 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult men or women aged 50 years and older (with no upper age limit).
  • An trochanteric fracture (stable or unstable) confirmed with anterior and posterior lateral hip radiographs, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Operative treatment within 3 days (i.e., 72 hours) after the trauma.
  • Patient was ambulatory prior to fracture, though they may have used an aid such as a cane or a walker.
  • Anticipated medical optimization of the patient for operative fixation of the proximal femur.
  • Provision of informed consent by patient or proxy.
  • Low energy fracture (defined as a fall from standing height).
  • No other major trauma.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Associated major injuries of the lower extremity (i.e., ipsilateral or contralateral fractures of the foot, ankle, tibia, fibula, knee, or femur; dislocations of the ankle, knee, or hip; or femoral head defects or fracture).
  • Retained hardware around the affected hip.
  • Infection around the hip (i.e., soft tissue or bone).
  • Patients with disorders of bone metabolism other than osteoporosis (i.e., Paget's disease, renal osteodystrophy, or osteomalacia).
  • Moderate or severe cognitively impaired patients (i.e., Six Item Screener with three or more errors).
  • Patients with Parkinson's disease (or dementia) severe enough to increase the likelihood of falling or severe enough to compromise rehabilitation.
  • Likely problems, in the judgment of the investigators, with maintaining follow-up. We will, for example, exclude patients with no fixed address, those who report a plan to move out of town in the next year, or intellectually challenged patients without adequate family support.
  • If the attending surgeon believes that a patient should be excluded from REGAIN because the patient is enrolled in another ongoing drug or surgical intervention trial.
  • If the attending surgeon believes that there is another reason to exclude this patient from REGAIN. This reason will be documented on the case report forms.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada,   Denmark,   Sweden
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Nils Reimers, Stryker Trauma GmbH
Stryker Trauma GmbH
  • Stryker Osteosynthesis
  • Global Research Solutions
Principal Investigator: Mohit Bhandari, MD FRCSC MSc McMaster University
Stryker Trauma GmbH
June 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP