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Everolimus, Temozolomide, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00553150
First received: November 2, 2007
Last updated: January 11, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
November 2, 2007
January 11, 2017
March 2009
January 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Everolimus (RAD001) in Combination With Temozolomide (TMZ) and 3D-conformal Radiotherapy (RT) or Intensity-modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) Followed by Adjuvant TMZ With or Without RAD001 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 49 days ]
    Patients were assessed during RT for dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), which were defined as failure to deliver greater than 75% of the planned doses of TMZ or RAD001 during RT, interruption of RT for more than 5 days because of toxicity, or the following: >= Grade 3 diarrhea or skin rash; >= Grade 4 neutropenia, leukopenia, or thrombocytopenia; >= Grade 4 hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, or hyperglycemia despite optimal medial management, other >= 3 non-hematologic events; or >= Grade 4 radiation dermatitis. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was defined a priori as the highest dose level at which 0 or 1 of 6 patients developed DLTs. The number of patients who developed DLTs are reported here by dose level, with the MTD reported in the statistical analysis section.
  • Overall Survival at 12 Months (Phase II) [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]
    The primary endpoint is overall survival at 12 months (OS12) after entry into this study. The proportion of successes will be estimated using the binomial point estimator (number of successes divided by the total number of evaluable patients) and the binomial 95% confidence interval estimated. A patient who is evaluable and survive more than 12 months (i.e. 365 days or more) after start of therapy will be classified as a "success". Patients who die within 12 months after start of therapy will be considered to have "failed".
  • MTD of everolimus in combination with temozolomide and 3D-conformal radiotherapy or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) followed by adjuvant temozolomide with or without everolimus (Phase I)
  • Percent change in the standard uptake value (SUV) levels calculated for the identified volumes of interest (VOIs) for the FDG PET scans from baseline to after 2 doses of everolimus therapy (Phase I)
  • Survival at 52 weeks (Phase II)
  • Overall survival
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00553150 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Response Rate, as Measured in Patients Receiving FLT-PET Imaging (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The response rate is defined as the percentage of patients receiving F-fluorothymidine positron emission tomography (FLT-PET) imaging whose cancer shrinks or disappears after treatment. A reduction in standardized uptake value (SUV) of 30% or greater in the T1-post-gadolinium scan volume of interest (T1-gad VOI) or the total tumor VOI will be considered a responsive tumor.
  • Time to Progression (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Time-to-disease progression is defined as the time from start of study therapy to documentation of disease progression. Patients who die without documentation of progression will be considered to have had tumor progression at the time of death unless there is documented evidence that no progression occurred before death. Patients who fail to return for evaluation after beginning therapy will be censored for progression on the last day of therapy. Patients who experience major treatment violations will be censored for progression on the date of treatment violation occurred. The time-to-progression distribution will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Progression is defined as at least a 25% increase in product of perpendicular diameters of contrast enhancement or mass or unequivocal increase in size of contrast enhancement or increase in mass effect as agreed upon independently by primary physician and quality control physicians or appearance of new lesions.
  • Progression-free-survival at 6 Months (Phase II) [ Time Frame: at 6 months ]
    Progression-free-survival at 6 months: is the proportion of patients alive and progression-free at 6 months after start of regimen. This proportion will be estimated using the binomial point estimator and the binomial 95% confidence interval estimated. Progression is defined as at least a 25% increase in product of perpendicular diameters of contrast enhancement or mass or unequivocal increase in size of contrast enhancement or increase in mass effect as agreed upon independently by primary physician and quality control physicians or appearance of new lesions.
  • Overall Survival Time [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Overall survival: The overall survival or survival time is defined as the time from registration to death due to any cause. The distribution of overall survival will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier method.
  • Response rate (Phase II)
  • Time to progression (Phase II)
  • Overall survival (Phase II)
  • Progression-free-survival at 6 Months (Phase II)
  • Adverse events
  • Distributions of laboratory variables (phospho-Akt, PTEN status, MGMT expression and promoter methylation status)
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Everolimus, Temozolomide, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma
Phase I/II Evaluation of Everolimus (RAD001), Radiation and Temozolomide (TMZ) Followed by Adjuvant Temozolomide and Everolimus in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

RATIONALE: Everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking some of the blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving everolimus together with temozolomide and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of everolimus when given together with temozolomide and radiation therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma.

OBJECTIVES:

  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of everolimus in combination with temozolomide and 3D-conformal radiotherapy or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) followed by adjuvant temozolomide with or without everolimus in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. (Mayo Clinic Rochester [MCR] AND Mayo Clinic Jacksonville [MCJ] patients only) (Phase I)
  • To assess and describe the adverse events of everolimus in combination with temozolomide and 3D-conformal radiotherapy or IMRT followed by adjuvant temozolomide with or without everolimus in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. (MCR and MCJ patients only) (Phase I)
  • To assess treatment effectiveness of everolimus in combination with temozolomide and 3D-conformal radiotherapy or IMRT followed by adjuvant temozolomide with or without everolimus, until progression, in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. (all North Central Cancer Treatment Group [NCCTG] patients) (Phase II)
  • To characterize the toxicities of everolimus in combination with temozolomide and 3D-conformal radiotherapy or IMRT followed by adjuvant temozolomide with or without everolimus in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. (all NCCTG patients) (Phase II)
  • Evaluate whether suppression of fludeoxyglucose F18 (18FDG) uptake in tumor and normal brain can be used to determine a biologically effective dose for efficient penetration of everolimus through the blood-brain barrier. (MCR and MCJ patients only) (Phase I)
  • Correlate everolimus levels with 18FDG uptake suppression in tumor and normal brain. (MCR and MCJ patients only) (Phase I)
  • Assess the relationship between efficacy endpoints (i.e., survival, progression-free survival, and response) and changes in 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine (18F-FLT) uptake for patients treated at MCR. (all NCCTG patients) (Phase II)
  • Assess the relationship between efficacy endpoints (i.e., survival, progression-free survival, and response), and phospho-Akt, PTEN status, and MGMT expression and promoter methylation status. (all NCCTG patients) (Phase II)
  • Assess the relationship between efficacy endpoints (i.e., survival, progression-free survival, and response) and baseline gene expression signatures from paraffin embedded pre-treatment tumor samples. (all NCCTG patients) (Phase II)
  • Correlate gene expression between paraffin and frozen samples. (all NCCTG patients) (Phase II)
  • Evaluate potential mechanisms of therapy resistance in recurrent tumor samples obtained at the time of surgery for recurrent disease. (Phase I and II)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I dose-escalation study of everolimus followed by a phase II study.

  • Phase I (Mayo Clinic Rochester [MCR] AND Mayo Clinic Jacksonville [MCJ] ONLY):

    • Concurrent therapy (courses 1 and 2): Patients receive oral everolimus once weekly in weeks 1-7 or 1-8 and oral temozolomide once daily in weeks 2-7 or 3-8. Patients also undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week in either weeks 2-7 or 3-8. Four to six weeks later, patients proceed to adjuvant therapy. This rest period is defined as course 2.
    • Adjuvant therapy with everolimus and temozolomide (courses 3-8): Patients receive oral everolimus on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and oral temozolomide on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Adjuvant therapy with everolimus alone (courses 9 and all subsequent courses): Patients receive oral everolimus on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression our unacceptable toxicity.
  • Phase II (Open to MCR center ONLY) (All North Central Cancer Treatment Group [NCCTG] centers closed to accrual as of 02/17/11):

    • Concurrent therapy (courses 1 and 2): Patients receive oral everolimus and oral temozolomide and 3D-conformal radiotherapy or IMRT as in phase I. Patients will undergo a 4-6 week rest period in course 2 and then proceed to adjuvant therapy.
    • Adjuvant therapy with everolimus and temozolomide (courses 3-8): Patients receive oral everolimus and oral temozolomide as in phase I.
    • Adjuvant therapy with everolimus alone (courses 9 and all subsequent courses): Patients receive oral everolimus as in phase I.

All patients undergo fludeoxyglucose (FDG)- or fluorothymidine-labeled PET/CT scans at baseline and periodically during treatment.

Patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for pharmacological studies. Samples are analyzed for everolimus blood levels and correlated with 18FDG uptake suppression in tumor and normal brain via LC-MSMS. Previously collected tumor tissue are analyzed for protein biomarkers including PTEN gene expression levels via fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) and phosphorylation on Ser473 and Ser308 of Akt and MGMT expression and promoter methylation via IHC. Samples are also analyzed for DNA sequencing. Some samples are banked for future studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 2 months for 1 year, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 138 patients (24 patients in phase I and 114 patients in phase II) will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Drug: everolimus
  • Drug: temozolomide
  • Radiation: radiation
Experimental: Everolimus (RAD001), Radiation (RT), Temozolomide (TMZ)

Patients receive oral everolimus and oral temozolomide and 3D-conformal radiotherapy or IMRT as in phase I. Patients will undergo a 4-6 week rest period in course 2 and then proceed to adjuvant therapy.

Adjuvant therapy with everolimus and temozolomide (courses 3-8): Patients receive oral everolimus and oral temozolomide as in phase I.

Adjuvant therapy with everolimus alone (courses 9 and all subsequent courses): Patients receive oral everolimus as in phase I.

All patients undergo fludeoxyglucose (FDG)- or fluorothymidine-labeled PET/CT scans at baseline and periodically during treatment.

Interventions:
  • Drug: everolimus
  • Drug: temozolomide
  • Radiation: radiation

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
122
Not Provided
January 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Glioblastoma multiforme (grade 4 astrocytoma)
    • Other grade 4 astrocytoma variants (e.g., giant cell)

      • No grade 4 oligodendrogliomas or oligoastrocytomas
    • Gliosarcoma
  • Newly diagnosed disease
  • Measurable disease ≥ 1 cm³ (phase I patients only)
  • Some patients may be registered on protocol NCCTG-947252
  • No oligodendrogliomas or oligoastrocytomas

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Inclusion criteria:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/μL
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum total cholesterol < 350 mg/dL
  • Serum total triglycerides < 400 mg/dL
  • AST ≤ 2.5 x ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 60 days after completion of study therapy
  • Must be willing to undergo 2 mandatory research PET or PET/CT scans (all MCR and MCJ patients in phase I and MCR only patients in phase II)
  • Must be willing to abstain from eating or drinking grapefruit or grapefruit juice during study treatment
  • Must be willing to follow a diet low in fat and cholesterol while taking everolimus
  • Must be willing to have imaging scans submitted for central review
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent

Exclusion criteria:

  • Other active cancers requiring therapy to control disease or prior cancer diagnoses which pose a greater than 30% risk of death within the next 2 years
  • Gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or active uncontrolled peptic ulcer disease
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing, uncontrolled, or active (acute or chronic) infection or disorder
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
    • Severely impaired lung function
    • Uncontrolled diabetes (fasting serum glucose > 2 x ULN) OR diabetes that would interfere with the performance of the FDG-PET/CT or FDG-PET scans
    • Liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, chronic persistent hepatitis, or history of hepatitis B)
  • Known HIV positivity
  • Positive hepatitis B antigen (HBsAg) or hepatitis C serology (HCV) tests
  • Any history of allergy or intolerance to dacarbazine (DTIC)
  • Significant traumatic injury within the past 21 days
  • Severe allergy to sulfa medications
  • Inability to tolerate levofloxacin with dapsone or pentamidine (inhaled or IV)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Inclusion criteria:

  • At least 1 week, but no more than 6 weeks since prior surgical resection or biopsy
  • Must comply with antibiotic prophylaxis with either trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (daily or 3 times per week), oral dapsone (daily) combined with daily levofloxacin, or monthly pentamidine (inhaled or IV) combined with daily levofloxacin

Exclusion criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy for any brain tumor
  • Prior temozolomide or mTOR inhibitor therapies
  • Any prior cranial radiotherapy
  • Planned immunization with attenuated live vaccines ≤ 7 days prior to and during study period
  • At least 21 days since prior major surgery (excluding neurosurgical biopsy, resection of brain tumor, or treatment of immediate post-neurosurgical complication [e.g., intracranial hematoma])
  • Concurrent or prior treatment for this cancer with any other investigational agents
  • Concurrent enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants (EIACs) or other strong inducers of CYP3A4 (i.e., carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital/primidone, rifabutin, rifampin, or St. John's wort)
  • Concurrent therapeutic doses of warfarin

    • Low molecular weight heparin is allowed
  • Concurrent systematic leukocyte growth factors (e.g., G-CSF or GM-CSF), except for the treatment of severe neutropenia
  • Concurrent drugs or substances known to inhibit or induce CYP3A
  • Other concurrent chronic treatment with immunosuppressive agents except dexamethasone
  • Other concurrent anticancer agents
  • Concurrent live vaccines
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00553150
NCCTG-N057K
NCI-2009-00654 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trials Reporting System) )
CDR0000573917 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Jann N. Sarkaria, MD Mayo Clinic
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
January 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP